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Brucellosis Malta fever Undulent fever Typhoid fever Enteric fever Paratyphoid Salmonellosis Helicobacter pylori H pylori.

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Presentation on theme: "Brucellosis Malta fever Undulent fever Typhoid fever Enteric fever Paratyphoid Salmonellosis Helicobacter pylori H pylori."— Presentation transcript:


2 Brucellosis Malta fever Undulent fever Typhoid fever Enteric fever Paratyphoid Salmonellosis Helicobacter pylori H pylori

3 Typhus Cholera

4 Leprosy Hansen disease Mycobacterium lepra Laryngeal TB Miliary TB Pott disease Vertebral TB TB pleurisy Pleural effusion

5 MDR TB Multi drug resistant INH Isoniazid Rifampin

6 Anthrax Charbon disease Botulism Erysipelas Venereal disease STI Syphilis STD Communicable disease Contagious disease Infections

7 Tinea T capitis T corporis T unguium T pedis T versicolor Alopecia Male baldness

8 Androgenic alopecia Community acquired infections Pneumonia Candidiasis Moniliasis Candida albicans Lung abscess Periodontal abscess Otitis media

9 Otitis externa Swimmer, s ear UTI Urinary tract infection Cystitis Pyelonephritis Prostatitis

10 Ureteritis Urethritis Bacteruria Urinalysis Pyuria Wound infection

11 Postoperation Varicella Shingles Chicken pox Zoster

12 Varicella zoster Fever blister Herpes simplex virus=HSV Herpes labialis Genital herpes Genital warts HPV Human Papiloma virus Molluscum contagiosum

13 Louse Lice Head, body, pubis Pediculosis Nymph Scabies Coryza Grippe Pediatric grippe

14 Influenza Antiviral drugs Anti helminthics Pinworm Oxyuriasis Entrobiasis Nematode( حلقوی یا گرد ) Filariasis Cestode( نواری ) Taenia saginata, T. solium Termatode( باد کشداران ) Faciola Hepatica

15 Echinococosis Hydatid cyst Ascariasis Trichinosis Tricuriasis Helminthiasis Facioliasis=termatode Strangyloidosis Infestation Elephantiasis(filariasis) Wuchereria Bancrofti


17 Schistosomiasis Larva migrans Cutaneous Visceral Occular Amoebiasis Amebic dysentry

18 Amebic colitis Systemic amebiasis Intestinal amebiasis Giardiasis Leishmaniasis Cutaneous, visceral Kala azar Scar Sand fly

19 Phlebotomus Oriental sore Old world New world Mucocutaneous Trypanosomiasis Sleeping sickness

20 Malaria Anopheles Mosquito Plasmodium Vivax Ovale Malariae Falciparum Antimalaria

21 Toxoplasmosis T. Gondi Calcification Congenital T CMV Cytomegalovirus HTLV

22 Human T leukocyte virus Drug fever FUO Fever of unknown origin FMF Familial mediterranean fever Tularemia Tick

23 Rat bite fever Cat scratch fever Tick borne disease Rocky mountains spotted fever-rickettsia Vector borne Retrovirus Antiretroviral therapy PI Protease inhibitor

24 NRTI Nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor AZT Zidovudine IMOD Immune modulator CD4 Antifungal

25 Clotrimazole Ketoconazole Fluconazole Imidazole Amphotericin B Sporothricosis Sporothrix shenckei VDRL

26 Venereal disease research laboratory RPR, FTA-ABS PID Endometritis Salpingitis Tubo-ovarian abscess Gonorrhea chlamydia

27 Genital wart Genital herpes Molluscum contagiosum Vaginitis Candidiasis Trichomoniasis Bacterial vaginosis Discharge

28 Pruritus Odor Food poisoning Salmonella Campylobacter jejuni Staph aureus Norwalk virus Norwalk like virus

29 E coli Bacillus cerus Dysentry Shigella Yercinia E coli Antibiotic associated diarrhea Colitis

30 Clostridium difficle Travelers diarrhea Rota virus Histamin fish poisoning

31 Athlets foot=Tinea pedis Intertriginous Diaper rash Myias,myiasis Gas gangrene(clostridial myonecrosis)

32 Tick borne disease Lyme disease Borreliosis Bite wound infection Nursing home Day care center Long care center

33 Universal precaution Standard precaution Isolation precaution Bone marrow transplantation Donor recipient Graft versus host disease(GVHD) Osteomyelitis Bursitis(septic) Discitis

34 Arthritis Poly articular arthritis Synovial fluid Synovial effusion Tenosynovitis TB spondylitis Interferon Panhypopitutarism

35 Herpes labialis Aseptic meningitis Blepharitis Stye Otomycosis Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus

36 Vincent angina Ludwig angina Empiric therapy Ectoparasites Chorioamnionitis Hemorrhagic fever Q fever Crimen-Congo hemorrhagic fever=CCHF Disease notification

37 Mucormycosis Zygomycosis

38 Endocrinology Metabolic disorders Metabolism Acid-base imbalance Acidosis Alkalosis Respiratory, metabolic DKA Diabetic Ketoacidosis

39 Keton body Lactic acidosis DM Diabetes Mellitus IDDM= type 1 DM NIDDM= type 2 DM Juvenile onset DM

40 Hyperosmolar coma Insulin resistance Diabetes Insipitus DI ADH

41 Anti duretic hormon Prediabetic state FBS Fasting Blood Sugar Hyperglycemia Hypoglycemia GTT Glucose tolerance test

42 Glucose intolerance Diabetic diet Glycosuria Gestational diabetes GDM Jaundice Icterus Hyperbilirubinemia

43 Dyslipidemia Hyperlipidemia Hyperlipemia Hyperlipoproteinemia TG Triglyceride Cholestrol Lipoprotein

44 HDL LDL VLDL Hypertriglyceridemia Antilipid Antilipemic drug-agent Hypervitaminosis Hyperkalemia

45 Hypokalemia Hypernatremia Hyponatremia Hypercalcemia Hypocalcemia Water-electrolyte imbalance Hypophosphatemia Hypophosphatesia

46 Progeria- Hutchinson- Gilford Sx Fluid therapy ORS Oral rehydration solution Adrenal gland Medulla Cortex Epinephrine

47 Norepinephrine Aldostrone Cortisol Testosterone,estrogen Pheochromocytoma hyperaldostronemia hypoaldostronemia Addison, s disease

48 Cushing disease Conn, s disease(hyperaldostronism) Adrenogenital syndrome Precocious puberty Delayed puberty Hirsutism PCO Polycystic ovary

49 Virilism Gynecomastia Hyperandrogenism Hypogonadism

50 Thyroid gland T3, T4 Calcitonin(to reduce blood Ca) Thyroiditis Hyperthyroidism Hypothyroidism

51 Myxedema Hashimoto thyroiditis thyrotoxicosis Acute,subacute,chronic Suppurative thyroiditis Thyroid crisis, Thyroid storm Goiter

52 Simple goiter Toxic goiter Multinodular goiter IDD Iodine deficiency disorders IDD free Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy

53 Endemic goiter Hypophysis Pitutary gland Hypopitutarism Posterior,anterior ADH=vasopressin Oxytocin GH=somatotropin TSH,FSH,LH,PRL,ACTH Dwarfism

54 Acromegaly Giantism Parathyroid PTH(to increase blood Ca) Parathyroid hormon Pitutary adenoma Congenital hypothyroidism Cretinism

55 جلسه پنجم

56 Polyuria Polyphagia Polydipsia Metabolic syndrome Syndrome X Insulin resistance syndrome TG,HDL,HTN,CHD,insulin resistance Total, partial thyroidectomy Hypophysectomy

57 Inborn error of metabolism Galactosemia FTT Failure to thrive Phenyl keton uria PKU Glycogen storage disease Pompes disease Von Gierke disease

58 Amino acid Fanconi syndrome Hartnup disease Lipid storage disease Tay-sachs disease Niemann-pick disease fabry disease Gaucher disease Gilbert syndrome

59 Crigler-Najjar syndrome Dubin-Johnson syndrome Rotor syndrome Antitrypsin deficiency Post irradiation hypothyroidism Post surgical hypothyroidism Rapid onset insulin Regular,lispiro,aspart

60 Delayed onset(slow) NPH,Lent,Glagine,ultralent

61 Graves disease Exophthalmus Craniopharyngioma Von Recklinghausen disease(neurofibromatosis type 1) Parathyroid hormon RAIU Radioactive iodine uptake test

62 Craniopharyngioma is a type of brain tumor derived from pituitary gland embryonic tissue, [1] that occurs most commonly in children but also in men and women in their 50s and 60s. [2] It arises from nests of odontogenic (tooth-forming) epithelium within the suprasellar/diencephalic region and, therefore, contains deposits of calcium, which are evident on an x-ray. Histologically, craniopharyngiomas resemble adamantinomas (the most common tumors of the tooth). Patients may present with bitemporal inferior quadrantanopia leading to bitemporal hemianopia, as the tumor may compress the optic chiasm.tumorpituitary gland [1] [2] calciumx-rayadamantinomasbitemporal inferior quadrantanopiabitemporal hemianopiaoptic chiasm It has a point prevalence of approximately 2/100,000. [3]prevalence [3] Craniopharyngiomas are also known as Rathke pouch tumors, hypophyseal duct tumors, or adamantinomas.Rathke pouch

63 Neurofibromatosis (commonly abbreviated NF; neurofibromatosis type 1 is also known as von Recklinghausen disease) is a genetically- inherited disorder in which the nerve tissue grows tumors (i.e., neurofibromas) that may be benign or may cause serious damage by compressing nerves and other tissues. The disorder affects all neural crest cells (Schwann cells, melanocytes and endoneurial fibroblasts). Cellular elements from these cell types proliferate excessively throughout the body, forming tumors; melanocytes also function abnormally in this disease, resulting in disordered skin pigmentation and "cafe-au-lait" spots. The tumors may cause bumps under the skin, colored spots, skeletal problems, pressure on spinal nerve roots, and other neurological problems. [genetically- inherited disordertumors neurofibromasbenignSchwann cellsmelanocytes cafe-au-laitspinal nerve roots [

64 Immunology-Allergy

65 Vaccine Killed Rabies Live attenuated MMR,OPV,BCG Immunization Active, vaccines Passive, immunoglobulin,serum Immunity

66 Cellular, T cell, Thymus gland Humoral, B cell Acquired immunity Inherited immunity Lifelong immunity Antigen Antibody Antitoxin Autoimmunity

67 Booster dose Hypersensitivity Allergy,4 types Atopy Anaphylaxis Hay fever Food allergy Cows milk allergy Anaphylactic shock

68 Immunodeficiency syndrome primary,secondary Atopic dermatitis Indoor allergen Outdoor allergen Dust,mite Animal or insect dander Mold Avoidance Desensitization

69 Herbal therapy Acupancture Antihistamine Symptomatic therapy Loratadine Allergic rhinitis Rhinitis medicamentosa Decongestant Pseudoephedrine Asthma

70 Mild intermittent Mild persistent Moderate persistent Sever persistent Corticosteroid, Epinephrine Beclomethazone Salbutamol Bronchoconstriction, bronchodilation, beta 2 agonist

71 Wheezing Asthma attack Palmar dermatitis Plantar dermaritis Vernal catarrh Vernal conjunctivitis Angioedema Urticaria

72 Hives Contact dermatitis Irritant dermatitis Erythema multiforme Erythema multiforme major Stevens-Johnson disease TEN Toxic epidermal necrolysis

73 Primary immunodeficiency syndrome Wiskot-Aldrich sx Primary IgA deficiency Ataxia telangiectasia CGD Chronic granulomatous disease Severe combined immunodeficiency sx(SCIS) Hyper IgE sx(Job sx)

74 Di George sx Cystic fibrosis Immunoproliferative disease

75 Nutrition

76 Acrodermatitis enteropathica Gout,hyperuricemia Gout attack Pellagra

77 Niacin deficiency Dermatitis Diarrhea Dermatitis Death Anorexia Eating disorders Anorexia nervosa,Bulimia

78 Anthropometry Artificial sweetner Avitaminosis Hypovitaminosis Baby bottle syndrome Bitot spot BMI Body mass index

79 Cachexia Calculus Calculi Calcification Malnutrition Protein-calori malnutrition Marasmus Kwashiorkur

80 Protein energy malnutrition Celiac disease Celiac sprue Nontropical celiac Gluten sensitive enteropathy Cheilosis Copper Cobalamine

81 Cobalamine- vit B12 Cyanocobalamine Synthetic B12 Corneal xerosis Crohns disease Cystic fibrosis Cytinuria Decubitus ulcer

82 Riboflavin-B2 Dialysis Hemodialysis Peritoneal dialysis Diet Balanced diet Low calorie diet General diet- regular diet Dietetic food

83 Dysgeuasia Energy requirement Enrichment Fortification Enteral feeding Aminoaciduria Fatty liver Favism

84 G6PD deficiency Fetal alcohol syndrome Fluorosis Food additive Preservative Food borne disease Food group Food guide pyramid



87 Food labeling Food record Geophagia Pica Glossitis Glycemic index Goiterogen Hemochromatosis

88 Iron overload Hemosiderosis Homocystinuria Hyperalimentation TPN Total parentral nutrition IBS Irritable bowel syndrome

89 IBD Inflammatory bowel disease Ulcerative colitis Ideal body weight Insensible fluid loss Iodized salt Jejunostomy

90 Keshan disease(syndrome) a congestive cardiomyopathy caused by dietary deficiency of selenium cardiomyopathydietary deficiency selenium Koilonycia Kyphosis Lordosis Laxative Vit D deficiency Osteomalacia,Ricket disease Maple syrup urine disease

91 Menier syndrome Menke disease an x-linked recessive disorder, leading to copper deficiencyx-linked recessive Steely hair Night blindness Keratomalacia Thiamin deficiency(B1)

92 BeriBeri Symptoms of beriberi include severe lethargy and fatigue, together with complications affecting the cardiovascular, nervous, muscular, and gastrointestinal systems.lethargy cardiovascularmuscular gastrointestinal systems Wernicke encephalopathy A syndrome characterised by ataxia, ophthalmoplegia, confusion, and impairment of short-term memory. A syndromeataxiaophthalmoplegiashort-term memory


94 Vit c deficiency Scurvy Osteoporosis Vit K deficiency of newborn Obesity Localized adipocity Prader-Willi syndrome Pickwickian syndrome

95 Morbid obesity Ehler-Donlos syndrome Marfan syndrome Tyrosinemia Albinism Ocular-oculocutaneous Lesch-Nyhan syndrome Porphyria Protoporphyria

96 Amyloidosis Histiocytosis X

97 Injury-Poisoning

98 Birth trauma Obstetric trauma Burn Corrosion Corrossive agent Frostbite Superficial injury

99 Abrasion Blister Contusion-concussion Bruise Hematoma Insect bite Superficial forign body Open wound

100 Animal bite Cut Laceration Puncture wound Fracture Closed,open Dislocated Displaced

101 Depressed Greenstick Comminuted Linear spiral Pathological Fx Stress Fx Malunion Nonunion

102 Avulsion Amputation Rupture Crushing injury Epidural Hh Subdural Hh Cervical spine Whiplash injury

103 Cord transection,section Colles Fx Smith Fx Thermal burn Electricity Lightning Flame Friction

104 Hot object Scald Radiation Chemical,corrosion First degree Sunburn Second degree Blister,epidermal loss

105 Third degree Full thickness, skin loss Tear gas, lacrimogenic gas Pesticide Herbicide Rodenticide Insecticide Scombroid fish poisoning

106 Scombroid food poisoning is a foodborne illness that results from eating spoiled (decayed) fish. It is the second most common type of seafood poisoning, second only to ciguatera. However it is often missed because it resembles an allergic reaction.illnessfishciguatera

107 Ciguatera fish poisoning Snake venum Scorpion venum Spider venum Marine Starfish Shellfish Cyanides

108 Strychnine Aniline Radiation sickness Heatstroke Sunstroke Heat syncope Heat collapse Heat cramp

109 Heat exhaussion Heat fatigue Barotrauma Mountain sickness Divers palsy(paralysis) Caisson disease Decompression sickness Air sickness

110 Sea sickness Travel sickness Motion sickness Weightlessness Asphyxiation Suffocation strangulation Hanging Chocking

111 Air embolism Fat embolism Compartment syndrome Aflatoxin Mycotoxin Maltreatment syndrome Neglect Abandonment

112 Physical abuse Psychological abuse Child abuse Sexual abuse Sexual assult Rape Suicide Homicide

113 Murder Submersion Immersion Drowning Near drowning Swimmers cramp Vibration pneumatic hammer syndrome Trauma Abdominal injury Blunt

114 Penetrating Eye foreign body Maxillofacial injuries Maxilla Mandible Orbital fracture Blow out Fx Zygomatic Fx

115 Hip dislocation Drowning Near drowning Resuscitation CPR CPCR Bezoars Sprain Strain

116 Ankle sprain Tendon Ligament Gunshot injury(wound) Stab wound Shisha,water pipe,habble-bubble Bites and stings

117 Itai-Itai(Cadmium poisoning) Fluoride poisoning(toxicity) Food poisoning Gas poisoning(CO) Lead poisoning Mercury poisoning Minamata disease

118 Overdose Substance related disorders Drug abuse Drug addiction Drug dependence Marijuana Hashish Cannabis

119 Opium Opioid related disorders Opiate addiction Narcotic addiction Heroin Morphine Drug withdrawal symptoms Tobacco

120 Wounds and injuries Bite wound infection Shark bite wound Creeper(reptile) bite Snake bite wound Transport accident Traffic accident Occupant

121 Pedestrian Rider Pedal cyclist Passenger Collision Car overturn Fall Diving

122 Jumping Collapse of building Explosion Trapped Inhalation(fume,vapour) Ingestion Aspiration Earthquake

123 Landslide Mudslide Flood Avalanche Incineration Accidental poisoning Nonopioid analgesics Antipyretics

124 Sedative-hypnotics psychotropic Narcotic Hallucinogen Organic solvents Halogenated hydrocarbons(vapors) Gases(vapors) Soap/detergents

125 Glues/adhesives Paints/dyes Sharp object Blunt object Handgun Rifle Shotgun Firearm

126 Racoon eye Panda eye Blow to eye Knocked out tooth Broken teeth Hurricane Tornado Dynamite Bayonet

127 Work related condition Life style related condition Tsunami Volcanic eruption terrorism Pernio Chilblain Blast injury Avian accident

128 Gono Katrina

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