Deficiency Symptoms: Pellagra: i. Photosensitive dermatitis on light-exposed areas; ii. Diarrhoea; stomatitis; iii. neurological symptoms (depression, headache, fatigue, and loss of memory - dementia)
FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed through the intestinal tract with the help of lipids (fats). Fatintestinal tractlipids Fat-soluble Vitamins require bile acids to absorb fat-soluble vitamins. Because they are more likely to accumulate in the body, they are more likely to lead to hypervitaminosis than are water- soluble vitamins.hypervitaminosis Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E, K.
Deficiency Symptoms: i. Clinical: Night blindness; total blindness ii. Subclinical: May increase risk for respiratory and diarrheal infections; decrease growth rate; slow bone development; and decrease likelihood of survival from serious illness
CLASSIFICATION OF MINERALS There are two kinds of minerals: Major or Macrominerals are minerals your body needs in larger amounts. They include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride and sulfur.calciumsodium Trace minerals are required in small amounts. These include iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride and selenium.