Presentation on theme: "Enriching Word Power The increase of vocabulary is embodied not only in quantity but also in quality."— Presentation transcript:
Enriching Word Power The increase of vocabulary is embodied not only in quantity but also in quality.
Warm-up: Two puzzles 1. We can’t memorize the new words. 2. We often refer to the dictionary. What methods do we use? Why aren’t they effective? What words can’t we memorize? Is it necessary to learn the words? Why do we often refer to the dictionary? When should we use the dictionary? How do we use the dictionary? How should we use the dictionary?
OUTLINE 1. What are new? 2. What to memorize? 3. How to remember? 4. How to use a dictionary? No use talking about enhancing word power without extensive reading.
1. What are new? Technical use of familiar word forms Completely new word forms Figurative use of familiar word forms New meanings of familiar word forms Idiomatic use of familiar word forms filter, cramp, sprawl, flick, itinerant, etc. depression: 忧郁症, 萧条, 低压带, 俯角 pound, horse around, consumed with, etc. talk with your head, wrestle with himself get the better of, under the table, a bear hug
2. What to memorize? A word has 3 components: sound, form, meaning. In listening, we need to recognize the sound and meaning. In reading, we need to recognize the form and meaning. Not all words are equally important. What we should commit to memory are words we meet frequently in different contexts.
3. How to remember? a) Pronunciation: principle, principal b) Formation: export import transport… c) Classification: Sunday…Monday, student…teacher d) Synonymy: bare bald empty, admit confess e) Antonymy: hate-love, similar-different f) Collocation: phrases (v. + n. / prep.) g) Contextualization: sayings, texts, songs, movies, etc Any other ways?
4. How to use a dictionary? A dictionary should be used as a tool instead of a crutch. The meaning of a word is its use in the language. An all-English dictionary is advised. Familiarize yourself with the dictionary.