Presentation on theme: "Harlem Renaissance Vocab, Part II American Lit.. Word List 1. dutiful 2. dwindle 3. elusive 4. exalt 5. illumination 6. jilt 7. perception 8. persistence."— Presentation transcript:
1. dutiful (adj.) obediently fulfilling one's duty late 13c., from Anglo-Fr. duete, from O.Fr. deu "due, owed; proper, just," from V.L. *debutus, from L. debitus, pp. of debere "to owe“ + ful: O.E. -full, -ful
2. dwindle (v.) diminish gradually in size, amount, or strength ORIGIN late 16th cent.: frequentative of Scots and dialect dwine [fade away,] from Old English dw ī nan, of Germanic origin; related to Middle Dutch dw ī nen and Old Norse dvína.
3. elusive (adj.) difficult to remember or recall ORIGIN early 18th cent.: from Latin elus- ‘eluded’ (from the verb eludere) + -ive.
4. exalt (v.) to lift up or hold (someone or something )in high regard. ORIGIN late Middle English : from Latin exaltare, from ex- ‘out, upward’ + altus ‘high.’
5. illumination (n.) intellectual or spiritual enlightenment ORIGIN Middle English : via Old French from late Latin illuminatio(n-), from the verb illuminare (see illuminate ).
6. jilt (v.) suddenly reject or abandon ORIGIN mid 17th cent. (in the sense [deceive, trick] ): 1670s, "woman who gives hope then dashes it," perhaps ultimately from M.E. gille "lass, wench," a familiar or contemptuous term for a woman or girl (mid-15c.),
7. perception (n.) the ability to see, hear, or become aware of something through the senses ORIGIN late Middle English : from Latin perceptio(n-), from the verb percipere ‘seize, understand’ (see perceive ).
8. persistence (n.) firm continuance in a course of action in spite of difficulty ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: from French persistance, from the verb persister; influenced in spelling by Latin persistent- ‘continuing steadfastly.’
9. piety (n.) a belief or point of view that is accepted with certainty. ORIGIN early 16th cent. (in the sense [devotion to religious observances] ): from Old French piete, from Latin pietas ‘dutifulness,’ from pius (see pious ).
10. plague (v.) to cause continual trouble or stress ORIGIN late Middle English : Latin plaga ‘stroke, wound,’ probably from Greek ( Doric dialect) plaga, from a base meaning ‘strike.’
11. repress (v.) suppress (a thought, feeling, or desire) in oneself so that it remains unconscious. ORIGIN Middle English (in the sense [keep back (something objectionable)] ): from Latin repress- ‘pressed back, checked,’ from the verb reprimere, from re- ‘back’ + premere ‘to press.’
12. tactful (adj.) diplomatic, understanding. 1650s, "sense of touch or feeling"from L. tactus "touch, feeling, handling, sense of touch," from root of tangere "to touch" Meaning "sense of "discernment, diplomacy, etc." first recorded 1804, from a sense that developed in French cognate tact.+ ful: O.E. -full, -ful, from suffix use of full
13. tumultuous (adj.) intense, violent ORIGIN late Middle English : from Old French tumulte or Latin tumultus.
14. vanity (n.) excessive pride in or admiration of one's own appearance or achievements. ORIGIN Middle English : from Old French vanite, from Latin vanitas, from vanus ‘empty’ (see vain ).
15. impulse (n.) a strong and unreflective desire or urge to perform an action. ORIGIN early 17th cent. (as a verb in the sense [give an impulse to] ): the verb from Latin impuls- ‘driven on,’ the noun from impulsus ‘impulsion, outward pressure,’ both from the verb impellere (see impel ).
16. constrain (v.) compel or force (someone) toward a particular course of action ORIGIN Middle English : from Old French constraindre, from Latin constringere ‘bind tightly together.’
17. sonnet (n.) a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes ORIGIN mid 16th cent.: from French, or from Italian sonetto, diminutive of suono ‘a sound.’
18. passionate (adj.) a way someone conveys strong feelings or beliefs. ORIGIN late Middle English (also in the senses [easily moved to passion] and [enraged] ): from medieval Latin passionatus ‘full of passion,’ from passio
19. pompous (adj.) self-important ORIGIN late Middle English : from Old French pompeux ‘full of grandeur,’ from late Latin pomposus, from pompa ‘pomp.’
20. squelch (v.) to suppress or silence ORIGIN early 17th cent. (originally denoting a heavy crushing fall on to something soft): imitative. O.E. acwencan "to quench" (of fire, light), from P.Gmc. cwandjan, probably a causative form of root of O.E. cwincan "to go out, be extinguished,"