Presentation on theme: "Infant Development Review Object Constancy Object Identity Object Permanence Depth Perception Objects Remain the Same Even if they are different Objects."— Presentation transcript:
Infant Development Review Object Constancy Object Identity Object Permanence Depth Perception Objects Remain the Same Even if they are different Objects still exist even if they can’t be seen, felt or heard Objects stay the same from one time to the next The ability to tell how far away something is.
How and What Toddlers Learn Discover New Ways to Solve Problems – Work Toward a Goal They want to see what happens to objects when they are shaken, thrown, or moved in some way They will repeat the same task, but with slight changes each time
Beginnings of Thought Between 18 months and 2 years they will begin to think about what they do before they do it. They tend to think in terms of actions
Thinking and Imitation Deferred Imitation: the ability to recall someone’s behavior and imitate it later
Thinking and Goals Ex: They want to get a toy off a shelf, they may grab a stool from the bathroom. If it is not tall enough they may have to try another way to get the object
Thinking and Hiding Objects They will search for objects that they have NOT seen someone hide They know the object exists, and will think about where it may be hidden http://www.youtube.com /watch?v=lKZ9IPRKkkU
Thinking and Shape, Size, Color, and Texture They will know that they are different, but they still may confuse them
Thinking and Object Exploration They will know what happens when they handle objects They learn by throwing, rolling, shaking, or moving objects They learn that round objects roll and flat objects slide They learn that hard objects hit together make a noise and soft objects hit together do not.
How to help your toddler meet their Intellectual Needs Toddlers learn through daily activities They learn as they – Eat – Bathe – Get Dressed – Help around the house They can learn through their senses
Learn through Activities What can a toddler learn at meals? – Learn language from talking at the table – Sensory Learning: Can see, taste, smell, and feel foods of many colors shapes, sizes, and textures. – Decision Making: food choices and amounts – Motor Skills: handle finger foods and flatware – They may also learn about what is “healthy”
Doing everyday tasks such as, Bathing and Dressing help them develop – Language – Sensory Skills – Health Skills – Motor Skills – Spatial concepts: by putting items in a drawer or basket
Adult tips It is ok to play with your toddler sometimes if playing catch or hide and go seek. However, let them play on their own for the most part You can still step in if they need help Feel free to introduce your child to new forms of play, but make sure they fit the child’s needs and skills
Parent Tips If you hear a fire truck say “do you hear that, I hear a fire truck” Or if you smell something say “ I smell Cookies” These will all stimulate their senses
Be sure to include the 5 senses They help them to learn qualities about objects Sight: Dark v. Light Touch: Rough v. Smooth Hearing and Touch: Hard or Soft Taste: Sweet v. Sour
Think of an orange… how would you describe it using your 5 senses? Round Smooth (slightly rough) Orange color Sweet Smell Sweet Taste Hard outside Juicy inside
Sight: Looking at Objects Look out the window Pick out one object that you see. Describe the object – Use color, size, sound – When/ Where do you typically see this object
Hearing: Think of the song “Old MacDonald” How can you make the song more fun and educational? – Add Pictures – Choose the child’s favorite animals, not just one’s from the song
Touch Come choose a paper bag. Have everyone in your group feel the bag Describe what is in the bag Do you know what is in it?
Smell I need three volunteers to step out in the hall. I will call you in one at a time. When you come in close your eyes.
Taste Try different foods in you home Identify characteristics of the food Are they …. Sour Sweet Bitter Salty Hot Cold Crunchy Slimy Soft
Problem Solving Activities Toddlers will try out ideas to solve problems Examples Give them different containers that have a variety of lids Have them try to stack or nest objects Hide and go seek Try playing with toy cars at different inclines
Almost anything can become a toy for a toddler. All objects help them to learn properties such as color, texture, and size, they also help them learn what happens when toys roll or sound when shaken. Get into groups of 3 Come pick up an object or group of objects Come up with 5 things that a toddler could learn from playing with this object Imagine you could add any other object that you wanted… what would it be, what could they learn now?