Presentation on theme: "Poor People’s Movements Piven and Cloward Intro and Ch. 1."— Presentation transcript:
Poor People’s Movements Piven and Cloward Intro and Ch. 1
Main Questions Addressed by Book Institutional conditions that make movements possible Institutional conditions that determine forms taken by mass movements Institutional conditions which determine responses of elites
Did they mention “Institutional Conditions”? “Protest is also not a matter of free choice” (3) “The occasions when protest is possible among the poor, the forms that it must take, and the impact it can have are all delimited by the social structure in ways which usually diminish its extent and diminish its force” (3).
P and C’s Definition of Protest Entails a transformation of consciousness System loses legitimacy People who are usually fatalistic begin to demand rights People believe they have some capacity to alter their lot
Entails a change in behavior Masses of people become defiant (violate traditions and laws) Defiance is acted out collectively Not about formalized organizations
Life-Cycle of a Protest Time of momentous changes in institutional order (can be a pressures that force eruption or breakdown of regulatory capacity) Form of protest largely determined by features of social structure Elites respond (ignore, repress, or concede, Conciliate, Coopt, Undermine sympathy) Protest gains momentum, institutional accommodation and coercion restore order May leave residues of reform
“Protesters win, if they win at all, what historical circumstances has already made ready to be conceded” (36)
Mass membership versus mass mobilization Formal organizations Focus on momentum rather than organization Where elites fit in (conferred resources) Leaders failed to take into account social structure and exploit opportunities
Where Marx comes in Critics from the “left” (Interesting: They are all Marxists), formal orgs Dominant elites are key players in P and C Poor-stratum within working class
Boycott Working class? What does “defiance” look like?