Presentation on theme: "The Economic Dimensions of the Cold War"— Presentation transcript:
1The Economic Dimensions of the Cold War Goals:To define Marxism.To compare communism with free-market capitalism.To address some of the historical dilemmas of communism
2Karl Marx (1818 – 1883)Viewed society based upon two dominant classes after the Industrial Revolution of Europe:The Bourgeoisie (middle class)The Proletariat (the workers)
3Marxist EconomicsThe history of Europe = history of class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.In industrial society, the bourgeoisie has absolute control over the “means of production” (factories, machines, wages, schedules, jobs)Because the bourgeoisie produces the wealth of the nation, they also have access to and control of the government.
4Marxist views of the proletariat The proletariat has no control over the means of production.The proletariat has become “alienated” from their work.The proletariat has no representation, and, therefore, no protection in government.
5Marxist solution? REVOLUTION Workers must seize the means of production in a violent revolution against the bourgeoisie.Workers must create a dictatorship of the proletariat where that class controls society.The bourgeoisie can either join the revolution, or perish.
6COMMUNISM//CAPITALISM Laborer works for collective goodOrganized by state (in the short term) to benefit allWealth distributed according to needPromotes equality of conditionCreates classless society of cooperation and collectivityState eventually disappearsLaborer works for individual gainOrganized by free market forces (supply and demand)Wealth distributed according to abilityPromotes equality of opportunityCreates incentive for individuals to work hard, innovate, and prosperSystem works naturally without state regulation
7Marx’s stages:Mature capitalismbourgeois exploitation Proletarian consciousness raising REVOLUTION! Dictatorship of the ProletariatRedistribution of wealth/consciousness raising/socialism Disappearance of gov’tcommunism
8Soviet Union’s Communist State Created a dictatorship of the communist party rather than a dictatorship of the proletariat.State owned and operated the means of production in agriculture and industry.Gave support to other Marxist revolutionary movements in other nations around the world
9Historical/Conceptual Dilemmas Why do we equate communism with TOTALITARIANISM?What’s the difference between socialism and communism?Why is communism a potential threat to free market capitalism?
10Thinking Questions1. Please develop a critique of American claims to democracy from a Soviet perspective.2. Please develop a critique of Soviet claims to equality and freedom from and American perspective.