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2524. ENGLISH REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT Salutary Neglect Shared Power The Zenger Trial What was Happening in the Colonies? Development of English Rights.

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Presentation on theme: "2524. ENGLISH REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT Salutary Neglect Shared Power The Zenger Trial What was Happening in the Colonies? Development of English Rights."— Presentation transcript:

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2 ENGLISH REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT Salutary Neglect Shared Power The Zenger Trial What was Happening in the Colonies? Development of English Rights Magna Carta Parliament English Bill of Rights Social Contract & John Locke What is a Social Contract? Locke’s Ideas How does it work? For lessons 5, 8, and 9 The ROOTS of English Representative Government

3 Analyze the painting.

4 Page 25 Lesson 8 The Development of English Rights

5 L 24 W ARM- U P What would cause a country to move from KING to Representatives? Lesson 8: The Development of English Rights

6 L EARNING T ARGET:  I can describe the development of English representative government. In other words… I can explain how the power to rule in England was transferred from the king to a group of law makers. Lesson 8: The Development of English Rights  Magna Carta  Parliament  English Bill of Rights VOCAB Key Vocabulary to add to Flashcard List (14-16) 25 R

7 L 24 What rights did English people have at this time? Remember, with colonization under way, we now have two groups of “Englishmen”, those living in England and those living in the colonies. Read pages 124 through 128, Start with “The Enlightenment” but skip the section on Increase Mather Then “The Rights of Englishmen” and “Parliament”. Skip “A Royal Governor’s Rule” on page 127. End with “England’s Glorious Revolution” trace the events that helped the “rights of Englishmen” develop (in other words, shifted the power from the king). Lesson 8: The Development of English Rights P REVIEW A CTIVITY

8 C LASS N OTES The Development of English Rights King John signed the Magna Carta which presented two new ideas Parliament Lesson 8: The Development of English Rights 25 R The king, like everyone, had to obey the law If the king broke the law, the lords had the right to remove that king and choose a new one The lords formed the council of the king and that council could stop the king from doing things the council thought were wrong The king could not collect new taxes unless the council said it was okay Guaranteed trial by jury Stated that one could not lose life, liberty, or property without legal process Given to noblemen and freemen M AGNA C ARTA A document guaranteeing basic political rights in England of nobles and freemen; approved by King John in 1215 Video on the “Magna Carta”

9 The Development of English Rights 1689 King John signed the Magna Carta which guaranteed important rights Limited the king’s power an advisory group had to approve of taxes Guaranteed trial by jury Stated that one could not lose life, liberty, or property without legal process Given to noblemen and freemen Parliament England’s chief lawmaking body Two houses “House of Lords” was a body of nonelected nobles, judges, and church officials “House of Commons” was a body of elected by the people Lesson 8: The Development of English Rights 25 R NOTE: English colonists lost the right to govern themselves when Parliament made laws for the colonies 1215 WHY? C LASS N OTES P ARLIAMENT England’s chief lawmaking body

10 The Development of English Rights The English Bill of Rights established Parliament’s supremacy over the Crown in making laws Parliament became the supreme law-maker…not the king There would be elections The king could not tax or make any law without Parliament’s consent The king cannot keep an army during peacetime unless Parliament approves Parliament Lesson 6: The Development of English Rights 25 R King John signed the Magna Carta which guaranteed important rights Limited the king’s power an advisory group had to approve of taxes Guaranteed trial by jury Stated that one could not lose life, liberty, or property without legal process Given to noblemen and freemen England’s chief lawmaking body Two houses “House of Lords” was a body of nonelected nobles, judges, and church officials “House of Commons” was a body of elected by the people NOTE: English colonists lost the right to govern themselves when Parliament made laws for the colonies C LASS N OTES Video on the “The English Bill of Rights” E NGLISH B ILL OF R IGHTS An agreement signed by William and Mary to respect the rights of English citizens and of Parliament, including the right to free elections

11 W RAP- U P Why does THIS matter now? U.S. citizens EXPECT these SAME rights, such as the right to a trial by jury and due process (habeas corpus). L 24 Lesson 8: The Development of English Rights

12 Development of English Rights A.Magna Carta 1.Signed by King John in 1215 that guaranteed important rights to noblemen and freemen a.Limit king’s power – an advisory group had to approve taxes b.Trial by jury c.Could not lose life, liberty, property without legal process B.Parliament 1.England’s chief law making body 2.Two houses a.House of Lords – upper house, non-elected nobles b.House of Commons – lower house, elected by people Lesson 8: The Development of English Rights

13 C.The English Bill of Rights 1.Created by William and Mary in Established Parliament’s supremacy over the Crown in making laws a.Parliament, not the king, supreme law maker b.Elections c.King could not tax or make laws without Parliament’s consent d.King cannot keep an army during peacetime without Parliament’s consent Lesson 8: The Development of English Rights


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