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Ch.5, Sec.2 – Roots of Representative Government

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1 Ch.5, Sec.2 – Roots of Representative Government
The Rights of Englishmen - English colonists expected certain rights that came from living under an English government called the “rights of Englishmen” - most of these rights were established under the Magna Carta in A.D (noblemen could not have their properties seized by kings & they had a right to trial by jury) - the Magna Carta limited the powers of the king and over time all English people were granted these rights

2 Ch.5, Sec.2 – Roots of Representative Government
Parliament & Colonial Government - Parliament, England’s chief lawmaking body, was the colonists’ model for representative government - most colonists wanted a say in the laws governing them, so they formed their own elected assemblies that imposed taxes and managed the colonies - the king of England appointed royal governors to rule some of the colonies on his behalf, but the colonists greatly disliked the laws they passed

3 Ch.5, Sec.2 – Roots of Representative Government
A Royal Governor’s Rule - because King James II wanted to rule England and its colonies with total authority, the colonists were no longer allowed to practice self-government - many colonists had rebelled against the British, especially after the Navigation Acts were implemented, and felt the king had no right to impose laws on them - King James II sent the royal governor, Edmund Andros, to the New England colonies to end their representative assemblies

4 Ch.5, Sec.2 – Roots of Representative Government
- with their assemblies outlawed, some colonists refused to pay taxes (they felt being taxed without having a voice in government violated their rights) - fortunately, a revolution in England swept King James II & Governor Andros from power starting “England’s Glorious Revolution” Edmund Andros

5 Ch.5, Sec.2 – Roots of Representative Government
England’s Glorious Revolution - in A.D. 1688, the English Parliament overthrew King James for not respecting their Protestant rights, since he was a Catholic - King James’ Protestant daughter, Mary, and her husband, William were offered the crown after King James II fled - this change in leadership was called England’s Glorious Revolution - William & Mary agreed to uphold the English Bill of Rights, which was an agreement to respect the rights of English citizens

6 Ch.5, Sec.2 – Roots of Representative Government
- the king or queen could not cancel laws or impose taxes unless Parliament agreed, which further strengthened the rights of the people - the American colonists quickly claimed these rights, placed Edmund Andros in jail, and asked Parliament to restore their old government

7 Ch.5, Sec.2 – Roots of Representative Government
Shared Power in the Colonies - colonists regained self- government, but still had to answer to a royal governor - from 1689 – 1753, England interfered very little in colonial affairs, which was a policy called salutary neglect - the colonists got used to acting on their own with very little English interference

8 Ch.5, Sec.2 – Roots of Representative Government
The Zenger Trial - colonists moved toward gaining a new right, freedom of the press, in A.D. 1735 - John Peter Zenger, editor of the New York Weekly Journal, stood trial for printing criticism of New York’s governor - Zenger won his trial from his attorney claiming people had the right to speak the truth!

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