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Obchodní akademie, Ostrava-Poruba, příspěvková organizace Vzdělávací materiál/DUM VY_32-INOVACE_05C/9 Great Britain / England Autor Mgr. Jana Kondeková.

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Presentation on theme: "Obchodní akademie, Ostrava-Poruba, příspěvková organizace Vzdělávací materiál/DUM VY_32-INOVACE_05C/9 Great Britain / England Autor Mgr. Jana Kondeková."— Presentation transcript:

1 Obchodní akademie, Ostrava-Poruba, příspěvková organizace Vzdělávací materiál/DUM VY_32-INOVACE_05C/9 Great Britain / England Autor Mgr. Jana Kondeková Období vytvoření Srpen í 2013 Ročník/věková kategorie 4. ročník / 18-19 let Vyučovací předmět/klíčová slova Great Britain / England Anotace Práce slouží k procvičení reálií s tématikou Great Britain jako příprava k maturitní zkoušce.

2 Great Britain Part Nine England

3 Geography England is the biggest country in the UK History The Name England Flag of England Facts about England Famous People Living in England Major Cities of England London – the Capital City What to Visit … London - Transport The Tallest Buildings in London

4 England – the Capital London Area 1 South East Area 2 Lower North West Area 3 Central Southern England Area 4 Upper North West Area 5 North East Area 6 South West Area 7 West Area 8 East Natural England. (accessed Aug 13, 2013).

5 Geography England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies north west of England, while the Celtic Sea lies to the south west. The North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separate it from continental Europe. Most of England comprises the central and southern part of the island of Great Britain which lies in the North Atlantic.

6 England is the Biggest Country in the UK England is a country in the UK and occupies most of the southern two thirds of Great Britain. The total area of England is 130,410 sq km. England contains about 84% of the UK population. The capital of the UK is in England The capital, seat of government, and the largest city in the United Kingdom is London. London is also is the capital of England

7 History The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but it takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in 927 AD, and since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world.

8 The Name England The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles". The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Angeln peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the first known use of "England" to refer to the southern part of the island of Great Britain occurs in 897, and its modern spelling was first used in 1538.

9 The Flag of England The flag of England is the St George's Cross. The association of the red cross as an emblem of England can be traced back ( lze vysledovat ) to the Middle Ages, and it was used as a component in the design of the Union Flag in 1606; however, the English flag has no official status within the United Kingdom. Since the 1990s it has been in a wide use, particularly at national sporting events

10 The National Flag of England English Flags. (accessed Aug 13, 2013).

11 Facts about England England is 74 times smaller than the USA, 59 times smaller than Australia and 3 times smaller than Japan. England lies in north-west Europe and is in the southern part of Great Britain. It is an island country and also part of the United Kingdom (UK). England is the largest country in Great Britain and the UK. Nearly 84% of the population of the UK lives in England, mainly in the major cities and metropolitan areas.

12 Facts about England England is only 35 km from France and is now linked by a tunnel under the English Channel. The south of England is mostly low-lying land, with hills and agricultural land and the north of England is mostly covered in moorland and mountains. England has not had a separate political identity since 1707, when Great Britain was established as a political entity. There is no government or parliament just for England.

13 The English Channel English Channel. (accessed Aug 13, 2013).

14 Crossing the English Channel – Underwater Crossing the English Channel Underwater. (accessed Aug 13, 2013).

15 Famous People Living in England Any member of the royal family Sir Paul McCartney Professor Stephen Hawking David Bowie David Beckham Boy George Dame Julie Andrews Sir David Attenborough James Connolly Tony Blair Sir Richard Branson Bono J.K. Rowling Russell Brand Clive Anderson Omid Djalili John Cleese Terry Gilliam Rowan Atkinson Ricky Gervais

16 Joanne Rowling The author of the Harry Potter books is JK Rowling. Joanne Rowling photo. 426528.html (accessed Aug 13, 2013). 426528.html

17 Chipping Sodbury The author of the Harry Potter books, JK Rowling, was born in Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire, England. Chipping Sodbury Tourist Information & Travel Guide. (accessed Aug 13, 2013).

18 Major Cities of England Major cities of England include : London, Birmingham, Leeds, Sheffield, Bradford, Liverpool, Manchester, Bristol, Coventry, Leicester and Nottingham. These cities are known world over for their magnificent structures, exquisite art galleries and museums, and as major shopping destinations.

19 Major Cities of England Coventry also provides a number of tourist attractions like Coventry Cathedral, Coventry Transport Museum, St. Mary's Hall, Holy Trinity Church and the Herbert Art Gallery. Major tourist attractions in Nottingham include Nottingham Castle, Caves of Nottingham, the Galleries of Justice, the Tales of Robin Hood on Maid Marian Way and the Old Market Square. In Liverpool, City Center is the hub of all cultural activities and houses major attractions. The World Museum Liverpool, the Walker Art Gallery and the Metropolitan Cathedral are also quite popular.

20 Major Cities of England London houses important landmarks such as the Houses of Parliament, Tower Bridge, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey, Tower of London, the British Museum, National Gallery and Madame Tussauds Museum. In Birmingham major attractions are Barber Institute of Fine Arts, Cadbury World, Midlands Arts Center and Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery. In Sheffield prominent attractions are Sheffield Winter Gardens, the Peace Gardens, Heeley City Farm and Graves Park. While visiting Manchester see Printworks Leisure Complex and Manchester Velodrome.

21 Major Cities of England Leeds is famous as a major shopping destination due to its hip and happening markets like the Victoria Quarter, the Corn Exchange, the White Rose Centre Leeds Kirkgate Market, Leeds Shopping Plaza, Headrow Shopping Centre, the Light, St Johns Centre, Merrion Centre Leeds, Crown Point, and Birstall Retail Park. Meadowhall Shopping Center in Sheffield is one of Europe's largest shopping centers with over 270 stores.

22 Liverpool City Centre Liverpool City Centre. (accessed Aug 13, 2013).

23 Coventry Cathedral Coventry Cathedral. (accessed Aug 13, 2013).

24 Leeds Castle Evan Evans Tours. (accessed Aug 13, 2013).

25 London – the Capital City London is the biggest city in Britain and in Europe. London occupies over 620 square miles London has a population of 7,825,200 people (in July 2010, the Office of National Statistics). About 12 per cent of Britain’s overall population live in London London has the highest population density in Britain, with 4,699 people per square kilometre, London is in the southeast of England. London is the seat of central government in Britain.

26 What to Visit … Some of the most important people from countries all over the world visit the Queen at Buckingham Palace. There are over 100 theatres in London, including 50 in the West End. The majority of London's commercial "theatre land" is situated around Shaftesbury Avenue, the Strand and nearby streets in the West End. The most famous are : London Coliseum - English National Opera (ENO), Victoria Palace Theatre. There are a lot of parks ( Hyde Park, Regent´s Park, St.James´s, Richmond Park ). London is one of the world's greenest capitals.

27 London Transport London Public Transport Network is one of the biggest in the world. With access to Buses, Trams, National Rail services and the famous London Underground or ‘tube’ a day’s travel can be very expensive. You can buy a London Travelcard, your journeys will be much cheaper. Famous Taxi cars are black. London was the first city in the world to have an underground railway, known as the 'Tube'.

28 A Double-Decker Bus History. (accessed Aug 12, 2013).

29 London Taxi Taxicabs of the United Kingdom. (accessed Aug 12, 2013).

30 The Tallest Buildings in London The Shard, also referred to as the Shard of Glass, Shard London Bridge and formerly London Bridge Tower, is a 72-storey skyscraper in London. Its construction began in March 2009; it was topped out on 30 March 2012 and inaugurated on 5 July 2012. It opened to the public on 1 February 2013. Standing 306 metres (1,004 ft) high, the Shard is the tallest building in the European Union. The second tallest building in London is the Canary Wharf Tower.

31 The Shard The Shard. (accessed Aug 12, 2013). The tallest building in London is the Shard.

32 Canary Wharf Tower Canary Wharf Tower. don/canarywharftower.htm don/canarywharftower.htm (accessed Aug 12, 2013). Rate this building Quick Facts CityLondon CountryUnited Kingdom Year1991 Height243,8m / 800ft Floors50 Surface408.773 m2 / 4,400,00 0sq ft The second tallest building in London is the Canary Wharf Tower.

33 Biography BRENDLOVÁ, S. Basic Facts on English-Speaking Countries. Fraus, 1996. ISBN 8085784874. SHEERIN, S. Spotlight on Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. ISBN 0194327884. VESELÝ, K. The English Speaking Countries. SPN, 1983.

34 The End of Part Nine Thank You for Your Attention. Mgr. Jana Kondeková

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