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© Lenka Lexová London. © Lenka Lexová Introduction it's the capital of England and Great Britain it's UK's largest and most populous metropolitan area.

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Presentation on theme: "© Lenka Lexová London. © Lenka Lexová Introduction it's the capital of England and Great Britain it's UK's largest and most populous metropolitan area."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Lenka Lexová London

2 © Lenka Lexová Introduction it's the capital of England and Great Britain it's UK's largest and most populous metropolitan area and the largest urban zone in the European Union it's a leading global city and one of the world's largest financial centres it influences politics, finance, education, entertainment, media, fashion, the arts and culture

3 © Lenka Lexová History the first major settlement was founded by the Romans in 43 AD, they called the place "Londinium" during the 2 nd century, Roman London had a population of around 60,000 inhabitants by the 7 th century, the Anglo-Saxons had created a new settlement what is now Covent Garden 1066 after the Battle of Hastings, William the Conqueror was crowned King of England in the newly finished Westminster Abbey Black Death struck in the mid-14 th century, when London lost nearly a third of its population in the 16 th century William Shakespeare in London on 5 th November 1605, the Gunpowder Plot, Guy Fawkes in September 1666 the Great Fire of London broke out in the City and destroyed over 13,000 buildings

4 © Lenka Lexová Government the administration of London is coordinated by the Greater London Authority and 33 smaller authorities the Government of the United Kingdom is located around the Palace of Westminster many government departments are located close to the Parliament, particularly along the Whitehall, including Prime Minister's residence at 10 Downing Street The Greater London Authority is based in City Hall, Southwark

5 © Lenka Lexová Education it's home to a range of universities, colleges and schools it's a centre of research and development the University of London is the largest contact teaching university in the United Kingdom and in Europe

6 © Lenka Lexová Population there live nearly 8 million inhabitants 58% are White British, 2.5% White Irish and 8.9 % are Other White 10.7 per cent of London's population are Black, Black African and Black Caribbean 13.1 per cent are of South Asian origin, such as Indians, Bangladeshis and Pakistanis other Londoners are of mixed race, Chinese and 1.9 per cent belong to other ethnic groups

7 © Lenka Lexová Public Transport the London Underground network, administered by Transport for London, is the most extensive underground railway network in the world London Heathrow Airport is the world's busiest airport by number of international passengers and the airspace Gatwick Airport is another important international airport London's bus network is one of the largest in the world in 2003, a congestion charge was introduced, motorists are required to pay £8 per day to drive through central London

8 © Lenka Lexová Sports London hosted the 1908 and 1948 Summer Olympics and will host the 2012 Summer Olympic Games London's most popular sport is football and it has thirteen League football clubs, including five in the Premier League: Arsenal, Chelsea, Fulham, Tottenham Hotspur and West Ham United from 1924, the original Wembley Stadium was the home of the English national football team London's best-known annual sports competition is the Wimbledon Tennis Championship other popular sports are rugby and cricket

9 © Lenka Lexová Culture London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London the historic settlement of Greenwich the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew and the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Church

10 © Lenka Lexová

11 The Globe Theatre

12 © Lenka Lexová Saint Paul's Cathedral

13 © Lenka Lexová Madame Tussaud ' s

14 © Lenka Lexová Buckingham Palace

15 © Lenka Lexová The London Eye

16 © Lenka Lexová Tower Bridge

17 © Lenka Lexová The Tower of London

18 © Lenka Lexová The British Museum

19 © Lenka Lexová Westminster Abbey

20 © Lenka Lexová The Westminster Palace (The Houses of Parliament)‏

21 © Lenka Lexová Greenwich

22 © Lenka Lexová Harrods

23 © Lenka Lexová Wembley Stadium

24 © Lenka Lexová Hyde Park

25 © Lenka Lexová Trafalgar Square

26 © Lenka Lexová Piccadilly Circus Source:


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