2LONDON It is the biggest city of the United Kingdom and one of the biggest cities in the world.It is the oldest city of Britain, it was built bythe Romans on the banks of the riverThames.
3There are about 10 thousand streets in London. Most of the streets are not very wide. The mainshopping centre is Oxford Street.People from allover the world shop here.
4Hyde ParkThere are many parks and gardens in London. But this one Londoners love most of all.
5THE ROMANSThey came to Great Britain in the 1st century and built a town. They called it Londinium. Soon they built the first bridge. It was the only bridge then.In the 5th century the Goths were at the gates of Rome and the Romans rushed to defend their Empire. It was in 410.Soon after them the Anglo-Saxon tribes came to the island.
7LONDON BRIDGEUntil 1749 there was only one bridge in London – London Bridge. Old London bridge looked very strange: there were houses and shops on it.
8WILLIAM the CONQUERORIn William from Normandy came to England. He wasFrench. After the battle at Hastings he became King of England.He was afraid of the English and he built the White Tower tolive in it. It was the beginning of the Tower of London.
9The GREAT FIRE of LONDON On Saturday, on the second of September a big firebegan. It started at night. The wind was strong andwooden houses burnt like matches…The fire burnt forfour days and destroyed 80% of the city, but nobody died.
10The Great Fire ended with the Great Plague… After the Great Fire people built a new city of stone or bricks. Streets became wider. The city was growing. By 1830 there were more than one and a half million people in London. The railways came and London was becoming richer and richer.
11PLACES TO VISITLondon is the capital of England. It is its political, business and cultural centre. The heart of London is the City. It is the oldest part of London. Many people work in the City but very few live here. There are many banks and offices here. You can visit some interesting places in the City or near it.
13Saint Paul’s Cathedral It is one of the greatest English churches. Old St. Paul’sCathedral was made of wood and burnt in the Great Fireof London. It was rebuilt it in the 17-th century. It is verybeautiful, with many columns and towers. In one of itstowers there is one of the largest bells of the world.
14Trafalgar SquareThe centre of London is Trafalgar Square. In the middleоf it stands a tall column. It is a monument to AdmiralNelson with four bronze lions around it. The NationalGallery is in front of it.
16Westminster The political centre of London is Westminster. It is the part of London where there are a lot of offices of differenttypes. You can a new bridge here. It is very beautiful,especially at night.
17If you go down Whitehall from Trafalgar Square on the right you will see a small street – Downing street. Here atnumber 10 the British Prime Minister lives. Whitehall is awide street leading to Parliament Square.
20The Houses of Parliament On the left there is a long grey building with towers which are the Houses of Parliament. This building is Westminster Palace. The large clock in one of the towers is Big Ben – the clock and the bell of the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament.
21Westminster AbbeyIt is very beautiful and very famous. It is also very old - morethan 900 years old. It is built in gothic style.There are a lot ofmonuments and statues here. English kings and queens areburied here. It is famous for the Poet’s Corner - great Englishpoets and writers are buried here too.
23QUEEN’S RESIDENCEThe Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace. It isa wonderful large building with a golden monument infront of it. It is the Queen Victoria Memorial.
24All these interesting places are quite near one another All these interesting places are quite near one another. It takes only 20 minutes to get from Buckingham Palace to Trafalgar Square.Of course, there are so many other places of interest to see and visit in London.You are always welcome!
25Bloomsbury SquareBloomsbury Square is one of the oldest in London. It ismore than 300 years old. It is the literary part of the city.A lot of writers and critics live there.
26Piccadilly CircusIt is the centre of night life in the West End. This is one ofthe most popular meeting places of London.
27The OdeonOne of the best and famous London cinemas is the Odeon.
28The Royal Opera HouseOr Covent Garden, one of the most famous theatres ofLondon, is … in the centre of the vegetable market.
29London Buses They are of two kinds: the double-decker and the single- decker. But they are always red. Double-deckers haveseats for 65 people. Only 5 people are allowed to standwhen the seats are full.
30MODERN SIGHTS OF LONDON London is growing and developing. Some modern buildings and interesting places appeared.The most remarkable are: The Cucumber of London and The London Eye.
31It is considered to be the most ecological building. The CucumberIt is considered to be the most ecological building.
32It is the largest observation wheel in the world. The London EyeIt is the largest observation wheel in the world.
33Literature usedTom Hutchinson. English Project 2. – London: OUP, 1996.O.Afanasyeva, I.Mikheeva. English 4. – M.: Prosveshchenie, 1998.V.F.Satinova. Read and Speak about Britain and the British. – Minsk, Vysheishaya shkola, 1996.