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Binary Ionic Compounds (Type I) Contain a cation and anion The cation is always named first and the anion second
Binary Ionic Compounds (Type I) A monatomic cation takes its name from the name of the element A monatomic anion is named by taking the first part of the element name and adding -ide
Binary Ionic Compounds (Type I) Practice LiI Lithium Iodide AgBr Silver Bromide KF Potassium Fluoride Li 3 N Lithium Nitride MgO Magnesium Oxide
Binary Ionic Compounds (Type II) Involves metals that can form more than one cation In this case, the charge on the metal ion must be specified with Roman numerals
Binary Ionic Compounds (Type II) An older system uses the ending -ic on the cation with the higher charge and -ous on the cation with lower charge
Binary Ionic Compounds (Type II) Practice CuCl CuCl 2 Fe 2 O 3 Copper(I) Chloride Copper(II) Chloride Iron(III) Oxide
Binary Ionic Compounds (Type II) Practice HgO CoCl 2 MnO 2 Mercury(II) Oxide Cobalt(II) Chloride Manganese (IV) Oxide
Ionic Compound with Polyatomic Ions You must MEMORIZE your polyatomic ions!!!! There are a few hints… Night-rateNO 3 - Night-rightNO 2 -
Ionic Compound with Polyatomic Ions the polyatomic in a series with less oxygen atoms ends in -ite, the other - ate (The ate ate the ite)
Ionic Compounds with Polyatomic Ions Continued In summary… per _ ate 1 more Oxygen _ate _ite1 less Oxygen hypo_ite2 less Oxygen
Practice with Polyatomics NaOH NH 4 Cl NaC 2 H 3 O 2 CaCO 3 Sodium Hydroxide Ammonium Chloride Sodium Acetate Calcium Carbonate
Practice with Polyatomics KBrO 3 FeSO 4 Mn(OH) 2 Potassium Bromate Iron (II) Sulfate Manganese (II) Hydroxide
Binary Covalent Compounds Formed between two nonmetals The first element is the full element name The second element is as if it were an anion
Binary Covalent Compounds Prefixes are used to denote number of atoms present “mono” is never used on cation!
Prefixes Used In Binary Covalent Compounds Mono- 1 Di-2 Tri-3 Tetra-4 Penta-5 Hexa-6 Hepta-7 Octa-8
Practice with Binary Covalent Compounds PCl 3 NO 2 CO N 2 O 5 phosphorus trichoride nitrogen dioxide carbon monoxide dinitrogen pentoxide
Naming Acids Acid can be viewed as a molecule with one or more H + ions attached Rules depend on whether or not oxygen is present
Naming Acids If the anion DOES NOT contain oxygen the acid is named with the prefix hydro- and the suffix -ic
Naming Acids Continued If the anion DOES contain oxygen, the acid name is formed from the root name of the anion with a suffix added
Naming Acids Continued If the anion ends in -ate, the -ate turns to -ic If the anion ends in -ite, the -ite turns to -ous
Practice Naming Acids HF HCl HNO 3 H 2 SO 4 hydrofluoric acid hydrochloric acid nitric acid sulfuric acid
Practice Naming Acids HC 2 H 3 O 2 HCN H 2 S HNO 2 acetic acid hydrocyanic acid hydrosulfuric acid nitrous acid
The Secret To Nomenclature Is… Practice! Practice!! Practice!!!
Nomenclature Unit 3. Naming Binary Compounds Naming Compounds That Contain a Metal and a Nonmetal Binary Ionic compound: the metal loses one or more.
Nomenclature. Naming Compounds Binary Compounds - composed of two elements 1. Contain a metal and a nonmetal 2. Contain two nonmetals.
CHAPTER 7 CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE. MOLECULAR COMPOUNDS Consists of nonmetals covalently bonded to: Nonmetals Metalloids.
Naming Compounds. Naming Ionic Compounds Ionic compounds contain a metal and a nonmetal Name the metal first, then the nonmetal as -ide Examples: NaClsodium.
CHEMICAL FORMULAS CO 2 Has 2 elements: carbon and oxygen Has 3 atoms 1 C atom and 2 O atoms C 6 H 12 O 6 Has 3 elements, and 24 atoms.
Unit 3 Nomenclature NAMING COMPOUNDS. Nomenclature: Naming Compounds There are 2 main types of binary compound: compounds composed of 2 or more elements.
Chemistry Chapter 5 Lessons 5-1 and 5-2: Objectives: To learn to name binary compounds of a metal and a nonmetal.
Nomenclature: Type I Binary Ionic-metal and nonmetal type I group 1,2,13 and nonmetal Type II Binary Ionic transition metals and nonmetals Covalent- nonmetal.
Nomenclature!!! What’s in a name?. REMEMBER!!! 1.When naming compounds ALWAYS, ALWAYS have a periodic table in front of you! 2.Ions – positively or negatively.
Nomenclature Naming Ionic Compounds Naming Covalent Compounds Naming Acids Naming Hydrates Lecture 4.
Nomenclature and writing chemical equations CHEM 1411.
Courtesy: Binary Compounds: compounds composed of two elements. Binary ionic compounds contain a positive ion (cation) always written.
Chapter 5 Naming Compounds Writing Formulas. Naming Binary Ionic Compounds l Binary Compounds - 2 elements. l Ionic - a cation and an anion. l To write.
Nomenclature Chapter 9. Types of Ions Monatomic – contains only one atom Examples: Na +, F - Charge is equal to oxidation number, which is the number.
Chemical Nomenclature The first names for chemicals were common names: – Sugar, quicklime, Epsom salts, milk of magnesia, gypsom, laughing gas – Simple,
Representing Chemical Compounds Naming Compounds and Writing Chemical Formulas.
Nomenclature Topic: Type I and type II Binary Compounds Objectives: Day 1 of 3 I will understand the difference between a Type 1 and type 2 ionic compound.
Zumdahl Zumdahl DeCoste CHEMISTRY World of. Chapter 4 Nomenclature.
Unit 5 Nomenclature pp Binary Ionic Compounds Monovalent and Multivalent.
Monatomic Ions Ions formed from a single atom Written as (E 2+ ) or (E 2- ) Change ending to -ide.
Elements compounds ◦ New properties are created Why do elements form compounds? To become more chemically stable by getting a complete outer energy.
Molecules and Molecular Compounds Molecule – the smallest electrically neutral unit of a substance that still has the properties of a substance. Molecular.
Binary Compounds Binary compounds contain only two elements. All binary compounds end in -ide. They are divided into two types, each of which has different.
Nomenclature Topic: Type I and type II Binary Compounds Objectives: Day 1 of 3 I will know what a binary compound is I will understand the difference.
Naming and Writing Formulas for Compounds. Ionic Compounds Two Systems for naming: 1.Stock (Roman numerals) 2.Old System.
Nomenclature Chapter 4. Nomenclature = Naming Common names were created before there was a system in place Common names were created before there was.
Nomenclature Notes. Introduction Nomenclature: System for naming compounds Avoids “common name” confusion System – Name tells something about the composition.
Nomenclature. Ions: an atom or group of atoms with a positive or negative charge Cation: an ion with a positive charge because electrons were lost (name.
Compounds. Know Your Periodic Table Transition Metals Metals.
© Carey Munoz Nomenclature Writing Names from Formulas.
Nomenclature Learn to name binary compounds of a metal and a nonmetal. Learn how to name binary compounds containing only nonmetals. Learn the names of.
Intro to Chemical Bonding Ch. 5 and Ch. 12. Unit Outline Ch. 5- Nomenclature Naming chemical compounds and molecules Ch. 12- Chemical Bonding Types.
Chapter #5 Nomenclature. Binary means two different elements Ionic means metal and nonmetal Step 1 First give the name of the metal, followed by the nonmetal.
YESNO Is compound binary? YESNO Is the 1st element a METAL ?
Chapter 2 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions 1. Molecules and Molecular Compounds A diatomic molecule is a molecule that is made up of two atoms A molecular formula.
Naming and Writing Compounds. Three categories of compounds 1. Acids – begin with a hydrogen (HCl) 2. Covalent – non-metal bonded with non-metal 3. Ionic.
Naming Compounds, cations and anions. Elements and symbols that you should know: Part 1 – The obvious ones: 1)Hydrogen 2)Helium 3)Lithium 4)Beryllium.
Nomenclature Continued Chapter 6 Sections 5 and 6.
Writing and Naming Chemical Compounds. Ionic Compounds.
Naming. Charges or Oxidation Numbers Group 1A +1 Group 2A +2 Group 3A +3 Group 4A +4 / -4 Group 5A -3 Group 6A -2 Group 7A -1 Group 8A
Nomenclature Notes. Learning Check Identify the following as covalent(M), ionic(I), or acid(A) bonding: NH 4 HCO 3 ____________ Zn(NO 3 ) 2 ____________.
Molecules Molecule – two or more atoms covalently bound together Diatomic molecule – two of the same atom bound together.
Naming Ionics Stepwise Method for Naming Ionic Compounds 1.Name the metal first (ie. NaCl, sodium chloride) 2. The name of the nonmetal has -ide added.
OLD: Naming Type I, Type II, Type III and Type IV Compounds NEW: Naming Acids.
Chapters 4 & 5 – Formation of Compounds Naming Compounds And Writing Formulas.
Determining Formulas The Criss-Cross Method Examples Na +1 + O -2 Ca +2 + P -3 C +4 + O -2 1 Na 2 O Ca 3 P 2 C 2 O 4 reduced to CO 2.
Ionic Compounds and Naming Chapter 4.10,4.11 and 5.
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