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Art of the Early Christians The Byzantine Empire Architecture of Islam The Gothic Era.

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Presentation on theme: "Art of the Early Christians The Byzantine Empire Architecture of Islam The Gothic Era."— Presentation transcript:

1 Art of the Early Christians The Byzantine Empire Architecture of Islam The Gothic Era

2 Emperor Constantine Head (Marble) 306 – 37 Conservator museum Rome

3 Christ Teaching the Apostles in the Heavenly Jerusalem

4 The Good Shepherd 300 c.e. marble height three feet Vatican Rome

5 San Vitale Ravenna, Italy circa

6 Interior of San Vitale The central room was open for the services. Interior pillars Are primarily decorative. Lateral wing of San Vitale This view highlights the use of Lateral expansion as butresses And support for the central room.

7 Emperor Justinian and Courtiers Mosaic San Vitale

8 Empress Theodora and Retinue mosaic San Vitale 547c.e.

9 Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) Istanbul formerly Constantinople, Turkey

10 Hagia Sophia eastern wing

11 Hagia Sophia interior

12 Dome of the Rock Jerusalem, Israel

13 Dome of the Rock interior The exposed rock is believed by the Muslims And Jews to be the place where Abraham Prepared to sacrifice his son. In Islamic Beliefs, Muhammad is transported here By the angel Gabriel and then ascends to his Night journey into Heaven. Close-up of dome

14 Pilgrims extend out From the Dome of the Rock and the temple mount into the streets of Jerusalem. Dome of the Rock’s exterior design is based upon stylized Arabic calligraphy and geometric shapes. Ceramic tile Is glazed in blue, turquoise And gold

15 Cathedral and Campanile of Pisa, view from front left, mid 11 th - late 12 th century Pisa, Italy

16 Pisa cathedral belltower In the 1990’s the tower was in danger of collapse, the church took steps to save it. The story is told here click link click link The tower started to lean during Its construction. The foundation blocks shifted due to too moist Subsoil poured around blocks. Construction stopped for 30 years. The next master builder put heavier stone on north side believing this would cause tower to lean back north. This cause tower to increase its rate of lean to the south. By 1970 the tower leaned 13 feet off – center. The Tower would move drastically in the next 20 years. By 1990 the tower moved four feet, this was More movement than previous 200 years. The tower was shut down to the public.

17 Notre-Dame Cathedral ( ) France, Chartres

18 Chartres Cathedral ( ) south flank

19 Chartres Cathedral (beg. 1194) Interior Nave toward Apse

20 Cathedral of Notre-Dame, c Royal portals (west) France, Chartres

21 Notre-Dame Cathedral (1163 ff) Western façade Paris, France

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23 Notre-Dame, Paris (c.1220) West portals


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