Presentation on theme: "Early Christian, Byzantine, and Islamic Art Chapter 13 Lesson One."— Presentation transcript:
Early Christian, Byzantine, and Islamic Art Chapter 13 Lesson One
Early Christian paintings Purposes of Early Christian painting to illustrate the power and glory of Christ to tell the story of Christ and his life
Early Christian paintings Found in the catacombs of Rome on the stone walls ◦catacombs: underground passageways built for religious services and to bury the dead ◦Due to persecution of Christians by Roman emperors. Lack depth Used symbolism
Early Christian Paintings Symbolism in Paintings ◦Used familiar figures or signs to represent something else. ◦Examples: dog = loyalty candle = light of Christ ivy = eternal life
Basilicas Purpose of Basilica for Christians ◦gathering for large number of people to worship After Constantine permitted Christian worship Exterior of Basilica: plain ◦ added campanile (bell tower) to original design
Basilicas Interior: Dramatic decoration ◦Walls decorated with mosaics mosaic: small pieces of glass and stone set in cement. placed so that light causes flickering on images = Houses of Mystery
Growth of Byzantine Culture Constantinople: capital in the Eastern part of the Roman empire ◦Roman, Greek, and Eastern influences blended to produce art.
Hagia Sophia “Holy (or Divine) Wisdom” Dome ◦Measures 200 feet across, 31 feet higher than the Pantheon ◦Use of 4 piers (massive vertical pillars that support the arches) allowed them to erect thinner walls and add more windows Creates appearance of lighter weight.
Mosaics of the Hagia Sophia Walls of stone and marble decorated with gold, silver, ivory, and gems Bright colors necessary Mosaics large to see from afar.
Mosaics of the Hagia Sophia Madonna and Child with the Emperor Justinian and Constantine ◦symbolize that the Church and the State are dedicated to the Virgin and Child.
San Vitale Basilica Sant’ Apollinare in Classe Features 2 mosaics on opposite sides of the apse Artwork is flat, stiff, more abstract and formal than early Christian art work ◦pictures serve as religious lessons for ALL