Presentation on theme: "Early Christian, Byzantine, and Islamic Art"— Presentation transcript:
1 Early Christian, Byzantine, and Islamic Art Chapter 13 Lesson One
2 Early Christian paintings Purposes of Early Christian paintingto illustrate the power and glory of Christto tell the story of Christ and his life
3 Early Christian paintings Found in the catacombs of Rome on the stone wallscatacombs: underground passageways built for religious services and to bury the deadDue to persecution of Christians by Roman emperors.Lack depthUsed symbolism
4 Early Christian Paintings Symbolism in PaintingsUsed familiar figures or signs to represent something else.Examples:dog = loyaltycandle = light of Christivy = eternal life
5 Purpose of Basilica for Christians BasilicasPurpose of Basilica for Christiansgathering for large number of people to worshipAfter Constantine permitted Christian worshipExterior of Basilica: plainadded campanile (bell tower) to original design
6 Interior: Dramatic decoration BasilicasInterior: Dramatic decorationWalls decorated with mosaicsmosaic: small pieces of glass and stone set in cement.placed so that light causes flickering on images = Houses of Mystery
7 Growth of Byzantine Culture Constantinople: capital in the Eastern part of the Roman empireRoman, Greek, and Eastern influences blended to produce art.
8 “Holy (or Divine) Wisdom” Dome Hagia Sophia“Holy (or Divine) Wisdom”DomeMeasures 200 feet across, 31 feet higher than the PantheonUse of 4 piers (massive vertical pillars that support the arches) allowed them to erect thinner walls and add more windowsCreates appearance of lighter weight.
13 Mosaics of the Hagia Sophia Madonna and Child with the Emperor Justinian and Constantinesymbolize that the Church and the State are dedicated to the Virgin and Child.
14 Sant’ Apollinare in Classe San Vitale BasilicaSant’ Apollinare in ClasseFeatures 2 mosaics on opposite sides of the apseArtwork is flat, stiff, more abstract and formal than early Christian art workpictures serve as religious lessons for ALL