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Early Christian, Byzantine, and Islamic Art Chapter 13 Lesson One.

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Presentation on theme: "Early Christian, Byzantine, and Islamic Art Chapter 13 Lesson One."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early Christian, Byzantine, and Islamic Art Chapter 13 Lesson One

2 Early Christian paintings Purposes of Early Christian painting to illustrate the power and glory of Christ to tell the story of Christ and his life

3 Early Christian paintings Found in the catacombs of Rome on the stone walls ◦catacombs: underground passageways built for religious services and to bury the dead ◦Due to persecution of Christians by Roman emperors. Lack depth Used symbolism

4 Early Christian Paintings Symbolism in Paintings ◦Used familiar figures or signs to represent something else. ◦Examples:  dog = loyalty  candle = light of Christ  ivy = eternal life

5 Basilicas Purpose of Basilica for Christians ◦gathering for large number of people to worship  After Constantine permitted Christian worship Exterior of Basilica: plain ◦ added campanile (bell tower) to original design

6 Basilicas Interior: Dramatic decoration ◦Walls decorated with mosaics  mosaic: small pieces of glass and stone set in cement.  placed so that light causes flickering on images = Houses of Mystery

7 Growth of Byzantine Culture Constantinople: capital in the Eastern part of the Roman empire ◦Roman, Greek, and Eastern influences blended to produce art.

8 Hagia Sophia “Holy (or Divine) Wisdom” Dome ◦Measures 200 feet across, 31 feet higher than the Pantheon ◦Use of 4 piers (massive vertical pillars that support the arches) allowed them to erect thinner walls and add more windows  Creates appearance of lighter weight.

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11 Mosaics of the Hagia Sophia Walls of stone and marble decorated with gold, silver, ivory, and gems Bright colors necessary Mosaics large to see from afar.

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13 Mosaics of the Hagia Sophia Madonna and Child with the Emperor Justinian and Constantine ◦symbolize that the Church and the State are dedicated to the Virgin and Child.

14 San Vitale Basilica Sant’ Apollinare in Classe Features 2 mosaics on opposite sides of the apse Artwork is flat, stiff, more abstract and formal than early Christian art work ◦pictures serve as religious lessons for ALL

15 Emperor Justinian and Attendants

16 Empress Theodora and Attendants


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