Presentation on theme: "Latitude and Longitude"— Presentation transcript:
1Latitude and Longitude GeographyLatitude and LongitudeBy Nick Pignatore
2What is Geography?Geography is the study of physical things and cultural things found on earth.Geo means “Earth”Graphy means “to write or describe”Linked to: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html
3Five Themes of Geography LocationPlaceMovementHuman-Environment InteractionRegions
4LatitudeA set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locationsLines run from east to westLines of latitude are also called parallelsMeasured in degrees North and South of the EquatorImage obtained at:
5LongitudeA set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locationsLines run from north to southLines of longitude are also called meridiansMeasured in degrees East and West of the Prime MeridianImage obtained at:
6Similarities and Differences: Latitude and Longitude
7Special Lines Equator Prime Meridian International Date Line Tropic of CancerTropic of CapricornExplain that Tropics are there, but don’t go into detail about them: They are not important enough to risk confusion.
9LocationAbsolute Location: Uses latitude and longitude to indicate a specific point on earth. Example: Lincoln, NE is at 45 deg. North, 110 deg. WestRelative Location: Tells where something is in relation to something else. Example: Salt Creek is near LincolnLinked to:
10If you can trace two lines… …You can find ANY location on the globe!Find the absolute location of New York CityWhat is the relative location of California?What is at 40N,105W?New York City is located at 40N, 74W.Denver, CO
11Challenge:Next to Pizza Hut is to Relative Location as Coordinates are to _________?45 degrees North is to 45 degrees South as 50 degrees West is to ________?Absolute Location50 Degrees EastImage obtained at:Machu Picchu 13S 72WBonus!!What is this famous landmark and what are its coordinates?
12Review Latitude runs east-west but is measured north-south. Longitude runs north-south but is measured east-west.The Equator and Prime Meridian are VITAL reference points.What is the difference between absolute and relative location?Allow class to practice finding various cities on maps and globes. Use absolute and relative location to describe each place. Break into groups of 3-5 and locate 10 major cities per group. Bonus question: What is the purpose of the International Date Line?