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Geography Latitude and Longitude By Nick Pignatore.

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Presentation on theme: "Geography Latitude and Longitude By Nick Pignatore."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Geography Latitude and Longitude By Nick Pignatore

3 What is Geography?Geography What is Geography?Geography  Geography is the study of physical things and cultural things found on earth.  Geo means “Earth”  Graphy means “to write or describe”  Geography is the study of physical things and cultural things found on earth.  Geo means “Earth”  Graphy means “to write or describe”

4 Five Themes of Geography  Location  Place  Movement  Human-Environment Interaction  Regions  Location  Place  Movement  Human-Environment Interaction  Regions

5 Latitude  A set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locations  Lines run from east to west  Lines of latitude are also called parallels  Measured in degrees North and South of the Equator  A set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locations  Lines run from east to west  Lines of latitude are also called parallels  Measured in degrees North and South of the Equator

6 Longitude  A set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locations  Lines run from north to south  Lines of longitude are also called meridians  Measured in degrees East and West of the Prime Meridian  A set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locations  Lines run from north to south  Lines of longitude are also called meridians  Measured in degrees East and West of the Prime Meridian

7 Similarities and Differences: Latitude and Longitude

8 Special Lines  Equator Equator  Prime Meridian Prime Meridian  International Date Line International Date Line  Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Cancer  Tropic of Capricorn Tropic of Capricorn  Equator Equator  Prime Meridian Prime Meridian  International Date Line International Date Line  Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Cancer  Tropic of Capricorn Tropic of Capricorn

9 Lat./Long. Relationship Analogy

10 Location  Absolute Location: Uses latitude and longitude to indicate a specific point on earth. Example: Lincoln, NE is at 45 deg. North, 110 deg. West  Relative Location: Tells where something is in relation to something else. Example: Salt Creek is near Lincoln  Absolute Location: Uses latitude and longitude to indicate a specific point on earth. Example: Lincoln, NE is at 45 deg. North, 110 deg. West  Relative Location: Tells where something is in relation to something else. Example: Salt Creek is near Lincoln

11 If you can trace two lines… ANY  …You can find ANY location on the globe!  Find the absolute location of New York City  What is the relative location of California?  What is at 40  N,105  W? ANY  …You can find ANY location on the globe!  Find the absolute location of New York City  What is the relative location of California?  What is at 40  N,105  W?

12 Challenge:  Next to Pizza Hut is to Relative Location as Coordinates are to _________?  45 degrees North is to 45 degrees South as 50 degrees West is to ________?  Next to Pizza Hut is to Relative Location as Coordinates are to _________?  45 degrees North is to 45 degrees South as 50 degrees West is to ________? Bonus!! What is this famous landmark and what are its coordinates?

13 Review  Latitude runs east-west but is measured north-south.  Longitude runs north-south but is measured east-west.  The Equator and Prime Meridian are VITAL reference points.  What is the difference between absolute and relative location?  Latitude runs east-west but is measured north-south.  Longitude runs north-south but is measured east-west.  The Equator and Prime Meridian are VITAL reference points.  What is the difference between absolute and relative location?

14 Equator

15 Prime Meridian

16 International Date Line


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