8 Directions to the local bank? Latitude Lines Using Maps and GlobesDirections to the local bank?Latitude LinesParallels circle the earth and show latitude, the distance indegrees north or south of the equator. (0 degrees latitude).The North Pole is 90 degrees North latitude. The South Pole is 90 degrees South latitude.Latitude
9 Latitude represents north-south location, and it is shown on a map or globe by a series of east-west running lines that parallel the equator, which marks the midpoint between the two poles all around the earth's circumference -- these lines of latitude are called "parallels."Figure 2 -- parallels of latitude
12 Other important latitude lines are: Using Maps and GlobesLatitudeOther important latitude lines are:Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2 degrees N. lat.)Tropic of Capricorn (23 1/2 degrees S. lat.)Arctic Circle (66 1/2 degrees N. lat.)Antarctic Circle (66 1/2 degrees S. lat.).Special latitude lines
14 Meridians run north to south from pole to pole. Using Maps and GlobesLongitudeMeridians run north to south from pole to pole.They tell longitude, the distance in degreeseast or west of the Prime Meridian (0 degrees longitude).Opposite the Prime Meridian is the International Date Line (180 degrees long.).Longitude
15 Figure 1 -- meridians of longitude Longitude represents east-west location, and it is shown on a map or globe by aseries of north-south running lines that all come together at the North Pole and atthe South Pole and are the widest apart at the equator -- these lines of longitudeare called "meridians."Figure 1 -- meridians of longitudeBe aware of the potential for confusing yourself: a. Longitude = E/W location, but it is shown by a series of N/S running lines called meridians. b. Latitude = N/S location, but it is shown by a series of E/W running lines called parallels.
21 The shortest distance between two places on the earth. Using Maps and GlobesIn mathematics, how do you determine the shortest distance between two places?Great Circle RouteThe shortest distance between two places on the earth.A great circle divides the earth into equal halves.Great circle route
23 Traveling along a great circle is called a great circle route. Using Maps and GlobesGreat Circle RouteTraveling along a great circle is called a great circleroute.Globes show them accurately.Maps can distort distances so the great circle route may appear longer than a straight line on a flat map.Never Trust A Map!Great circle route