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MERIDIANS AND PARALLELS A series of imaginary vertical and horizontal lines enables us to identify the exact location of places on Earth.
Meridians are semicircles which go from one pole to the other. The prime meridian, or Greenwich meridian (0º), is the point of reference for other meridians.
Parallels are circles which are perpendicular to the meridians. The equator is the most important parallel and is the point of reference for the other parallels.
Other important parallels, from north to south, are: The Arctic Circle
Latitude and longitude indicate geographical coordinates: the exact location of a place on the Earth.
Latitude is measured by using the parallels which start at the equator (0º). At the poles they are 90º They are lalitude north (N) or south (S).
Longitude is measured by using the meridians which start at the prime meridian (0º). They run vertically from 0º to 180º to the west (W)… …and 0º to 180º to the east (E).
Guided Notes on Latitude and Longitude. Define Cartography: ► Cartography is the science of mapmaking.
Viewpoints Chapter 6, Section 2. Latitude and Longitude Latitude and Longitude Latitude and Longitude An imaginary grid system used to accurately locate.
Lines of latitude and lines longitude cross one another. They form a grid system around the earth.
THE ANGULAR DISTANCE NORTH OR SOUTH OF THE EQUATOR PARALLELS OF LATITUDE CONSISTS OF ALL POINTS HAVING THE SAME LATITUDE LIEING ON A CIRCLE WHICH IS PARALLEL.
Map Skills Latitude and Longitude Latitude Equator Equator An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point.An imaginary.
Latitude and Longitude How do we find places on maps?
Objectives Compare and contrast latitude and longitude. Latitude and Longitude Describe how time zones vary. –cartography –equator –latitude –longitude.
Todays Directions 1.Get out your homework: Moving Day and Food for Thought if you did not turn it in yet. 2.Get out your notebook and label your table.
GEOGRAPHY REVIEW Thank you, Ms. Wampole!. Mapmakers often use the color blue on maps to stand for A. Mountains B. the Eastern Hemisphere C. the North.
MAP SKILLS VOCABULARY Third Grade T. Adams. Integrated Social Studies Standards: SS3G1 The student will locate major topographical features. a. Identify.
To Next Slide Unit 1 Chapter 3 Lesson 1 Understanding Regions 20 Questions!
DG 1 1.What imaginary line separates the Northern and Southern hemispheres? 2. What is the “grid system”? 3. What are the cardinal directions? 4. What.
Warm Up How many themes of Geography are there? 2. What are the seven continents of the world? 3. What are the earths four oceans? 4. What is the.
Maps & Globes Geography Unit II. Maps & Globes There are three important lines that help us find our way around the world. 1.Equator 2.Prime Meridian.
Introduction to Maps & Geography. Hemispheres: Latitude: Latitude lines are imaginary lines on the earth's surface. They run east and west around the.
Latitude and Longitude. What is Latitude and Longitude????
Longitude and Latitude Invisible lines of Our Earth.
Warm-Up Complete the “What Makes a Map Useful?” concept map independently.
Navigational Elements Know the four elements of navigation. 1. State how the Earths size and shape affect navigation. 2. State how to determine position.
Reading Maps Earth Science Mr. Bimber. Map Projections: You cant draw the round earth on flat paper, so all maps are distorted. Take a transparent globe.
Map Elements August 31, In this activity you will: Learn about the elements of a map: latitude, longitude, the hemispheres, directions, time zone,
7th Grade Maps and Geography Unit S. Smith Room 603.
The precise point where a place is located on Earth. Hint: Using longitude and latitude lines! a.absolute location b.relative location c.directions d.distortion.
MAGNETIC fIELD 6.1 Magnetic Field Define magnetic field. Identify magnetic field sources. Sketch the magnetic field lines.
Typical Graph This is an example of a typical graph we are all familiar with. The graph is made up of different points with lines that connect the points.
A representation of the physical features of an area Reference Point – a fixed place on Earths surface from which direction and location can be described.
Goals: 1. Differentiate between latitude and longitude. 2. Understand that a topographic map is a 2-D model that displays 3D information 3. Describe map.
Do you know your continents? Mrs. Jones’ 7 th Grade Social Studies Class Do you know your oceans? Do you know the major latitude & longitude lines? Do.
How can maps help us to understand the world?. Vocabulary Map – Drawing of an area The person who makes maps Network of vertical and horizontal lines.
Free Powerpoint Templates Page 1 Free Powerpoint Templates W.G.: Map Notes and Exercise by Mrs. Huffer.
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