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MERIDIANS AND PARALLELS A series of imaginary vertical and horizontal lines enables us to identify the exact location of places on Earth.
Meridians are semicircles which go from one pole to the other. The prime meridian, or Greenwich meridian (0º), is the point of reference for other meridians.
Parallels are circles which are perpendicular to the meridians. The equator is the most important parallel and is the point of reference for the other parallels.
Other important parallels, from north to south, are: The Arctic Circle
Latitude and longitude indicate geographical coordinates: the exact location of a place on the Earth.
Latitude is measured by using the parallels which start at the equator (0º). At the poles they are 90º They are lalitude north (N) or south (S).
Longitude is measured by using the meridians which start at the prime meridian (0º). They run vertically from 0º to 180º to the west (W)… …and 0º to 180º to the east (E).
Latitude and Longitude. Relative Location Relative location is the proximity of a location in relation to another point of interest. It is about where.
Longitude and Latitude. Latitude Latitude is the distance north or south of the equator; imaginary lines measured in terms of 360 degrees of a circle.
How can you find an exact location of a place?. Longitude and Latitude.
Longitude and Latitude LO: to understand these terms and how they help us to find and describe different locations LO: to understand these terms and.
Lines of Latitude and Longitude. Latitude Latitude: A line on a map or globe that runs east and west and measures distance north or south of the equator.
How Do We Determine Global Positions on the Earth? Using Geographic Coordinates.
Run West and East but Measure North and South All lines of Latitude Measure North and South of the Equator.
Mapping Our World Chapter 2. Latitude and Longitude Section 2.1.
Latitude and Longitude HEMISPHERES. Earth’s Hemispheres The Earth can be divided into four parts or hemispheres: 1)Northern 2)Southern 3)Eastern 4)Western.
Distance measure in degrees- from 0 o to 90 o North or South of the equator Equator- primary reference point Lines are called parallels- form complete.
Mapping. Why do you think maps are important? Latitude and Longitude Mapmakers (cartographers) use an imaginary grid of parallel lines and vertical lines.
Scientific models in the form of maps can be useful for finding locations & showing land formations on the Earth’s surface.
Locating Positions on the Earth’s Surface. Coordinate System Surface grid used to locate any position on the Earth Latitude and Longitude.
Lines of latitude and longitude are used to locate places on Earth. Section 1: Latitude and Longitude Essential Questions What is the difference between.
Using Latitude and Longitude. Relative location: describing the location of a place in relation to another place. Absolute location: exact location.
Latitude and Longitude Notes. Lines of Latitude Measure distances North and South from the Equator (the higher the latitude, the further from the equator)
Latitude and Longitude Section 2.1. Latitude Cartography – the science of mapmaking Equator – imaginary line that circles Earth horizontally halfway between.
Geography Terms Review Slideshow Click once to see the definition. Click again to see the vocabulary term.
You are here! But how do I know where here is? Longitude and Latitude.
Oh Where Oh Where Has My Little Dog Gone LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE.
MAP READING Latitude and Longitude. LATITUDE Imaginary lines running East/West Measure North/South of the Equator (0 o ) Splits Earth into Northern/Southern.
Bellwork August What is the name of the latitude line at 66.5* North? 2. What is the name of the latitude line at 66.5* South? 3. The __________.
Latitude vs Longitude. Longitude and Latitude Objective: To understand these terms and how they help us to find and describe different locations Objective:
Mapping the Earth: Objective: To demonstrate knowledge of how to locate places on the Earth using absolute location and systems of measurement.
COORDINATE SYSTEM: -A system of lines, that you can use to locate any position on Earth. - assigns every position on earth a pair of coordinates (2 numbers)
Map Coordinates Review. Equator A line that divides the planet into northern and southern hemispheres Has a measure of 0 degrees of Latitude.
Word of the Day Nautical Mile: One minute of arc length of latitude or longitude at the equator, or 1852m.
Section 2.1 – Latitude and Longitude 1. Students will be able to: ◦ Define cartography ◦ Describe the difference between latitude and longitude. ◦ Explain.
Latitude and Longitude Mini Lesson - Grade 8. Essential Question: How is absolute location found? Objective: SWBAT: Locate places on earth, using latitude.
Produced by satellites that enable you to see patterns on Earth’s surface and identify patterns shown on maps.
Learn about some of the elements of a map. You will be able to identify and define the following elements: Longitude Latitude Prime Meridian Equator.
Measuring Latitude and Longitude. Absolute Location Exact location –Determined by measuring latitude & longitude –Latitude always written first (Latitude,
Standard 1.h: Read and interpret topographic and geologic maps.
Latitude & Longitude Lines Latitude and Longitude ► The earth is divided into lots of lines called latitude and longitude.
Latitude & Longitude Lines. Latitude and Longitude ► The earth is divided into lots of lines called latitude and longitude.
Bellwork Sept What is the name of the latitude line at 66.5* North? 2. What is the name of the latitude line at 66.5* South? 3. The __________ is.
Latitude and Longitude Angular measurements used to locate positions on the earth’s surface Reference line- Line which serves as a starting point for.
Latitude measures the vertical axis, which describes how far north or south a location is. The zero point for latitude is the equator. To the north, the.
Finding Locations on Earth. Reference Points Points on earth’s surface used to establish direction. North & South geographic poles Plus the imaginary.
UNIT 1 PLANET EARTH. The geographic coordinates Parallels and meridians Are imaginary lines that help us to find the exact location of a place on Earth.
Geography The Five Themes of Geography What is Geography? Geography is the study of the Earth. Geographers study how the Earth and its people affect.
LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE LATITUDE Latitude lines run horizontally and are also known as parallels since they are parallel and are an equal distance from.
Find that place.. Find that content Longitude, East is to the right, West is to the left of the Prime Meridian or 0 degrees Latitude, North is going.
Our Location in the World. Location can be broken down into two categories: 1. Absolute Location: Where a place is located geographically; it’s exact.
Map and Globe Skills Use of Latitude and Longitude.
Finding locations on the Earth. Latitude (parallels) imaginary lines drawn around the earth parallel to the equator definition – the distance north or.
Latitude and Longitude. Latitude is measured from the equator, with positive values going north and negative values going south. Longitude is measured.
Latitude and Longitude Some Basics. Mapping Earth ► In order to find geographic locations on Earth, a global coordinate mapping system is used ► This.
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