Presentation on theme: "Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani Age of acquisition and Critical period Hypothesis Spada, p.67- 75."— Presentation transcript:
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani Age of acquisition and Critical period Hypothesis Spada, p
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani What is Critical Period Hypothesis in L2? When? Do you think it is related to success in second language acquisition??
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani For Example: Joseph Conrad He is regarded as one of the greatest novelists in English, though he did not speak the language fluently until he was in his twenties (and then always with a marked Polish accent).
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani After Critical Period, Adults rely more on learning abilities, more than the biological innate structure that has been suggested to help acquisition. It has been suggested that these learning abilities can be less affective than the innate ability in regards to language learning.
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani Comparing young language learners and adults is not only affected by CPH. The conditions for learning are different.
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani Young LearnersAdults Ample time. More opportunities. Pressure to talk Errors Ample Time Forced to talk embarrassment affect motivation Some researchers suggested that younger learners have the advantage over adult learners.
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani Other researchers believed that adults can be more successful than younger learners. Metalinguistic awareness Problem-solving skills Memory strategies
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani Does this mean that there is no critical period fro second language acquisition???
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani Take a minute and think of what describes a native-like speaker. Language and accent ? is not only an accent?
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani With CPHAgainst CPH Patkowski (1980) studied the relationship between age and language acquisition features other than accent. He found that the age of acquisition is very important factor in the development of native- like mastery of L2. Snow & Hoefnagel- Hohle (1978) found that adolescents and adults are more successful in learning that younger learners.
Miss. Mona AL-Kahtani So, What is the best age to start teaching a language? “Younger is better” Maturity in language acquisition. Accent : So What?! ample time vs. age of acquisition Is it important to be native-like speaker? L2 early instruction and first language. Early age and amount of instruction.