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India Sustainable Urban Transport Program (SUTP) – BRTS Experience

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Presentation on theme: "India Sustainable Urban Transport Program (SUTP) – BRTS Experience"— Presentation transcript:

1 India Sustainable Urban Transport Program (SUTP) – BRTS Experience
2nd ASIA BRTS Nupur Gupta Sr. Transport Specialist

2 India SUTP … Backdrop & Genesis
Rapidly growing economy with increasing incomes and population especially in urban centres – growing congestion, road safety and environmental issues Government of India announces the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) 2006 and launches the ambitious Jawaharlal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission with a funding corpus of $10bn SUTP designed to support and demonstrate the principles enshrined in the National Urban Transport Policy (NUTP) 2006, specifically, Priority to the use of public transport Priority to non-motorized transport, and Capacity building for developing & implementing sustainable transport systems (at both national and local levels) Combines GEF Grant and IBRD ($20.33mn+$105.23mn)

3 India SUTP … Components
Capacity Building in Urban Transport Planning Component-1A (UNDP): Capacity Building for Institutions and Individuals Component-1B (WB): Technical Assistance to MoUD to Improve the National, State and Local Capacity to Implement National Urban Transport Policy Component IA & IB: National Capacity Development Component 2: City Demonstration Projects Demo pilots in select cities Pimpri Chinchwad - BRT Naya Raipur – BRT Lite, NMT Hubli-Dharwad – BRT, NMT Mysore – ITS for PT Indore – ITS for BRT Pune – NMT (Cancelled)

4 India SUTP … Implementation
Ministry of Urban Development SUTP Steering Committee National Project Director National Project Manager Internal Staff PMC PMU PIU (City Level) State Level Nodal Agency Implementing Agency IUT Logistics & Service Support Component 2 TMAC Component 1A Component 1B Component 1 Monitoring & Advisory UNDP World Bank World Bank Ministry of Urban Development PCMC, NRDA, DULT/ HDBRTSCO, KSRTC, AICTSL

5 Component IB … National Capacity Development
Guidelines on key reforms/ new areas – involve development of Guidelines and application on select cities Guidelines on Unified Metropolitan Transit Authority (UMTA) and Urban Transport Fund (UTF) Guidelines on Transit Oriented Development (ToD), NMT Masterplan and Public Bike Sharing (PBS) Guidelines on Traffic Management Information & Control Centre (TMICC) and National Public Transport Helpline Guidelines on Model Contracts for Private Operations in City Bus Services

6 Component IB Leaders in Urban Transport Planning
India Chapter launched in 2012 in collaboration with MoUD and CEPT University – 3rd round of training ongoing Over 125 officials trained Development of a National Research Facility at MoUD Research design report presented to Committee constituted by MoUD Greenhouse Gas Emissions Study for SUTP cities Program Evaluation Study of Bus Funding Scheme of GoI Increased sensitization and awareness building among urban transport officials and professionals owing to the consultative process adopted by MoUD for these activities

7 Component 2 … City Demonstration Projects
Pimpri Chinchwad – Nashik Phata Flyover Naya Raipur – Road to Capital Complex Hubli Dharwad – Ongoing Civil Works on BRT Corridor Mysore – Centre Control Centre for ITS on Mysore City Buses Naya Raipur Population mn Key Feature - Greenfield development/ New state capital of Chhattisgarh state Indore Population mn Key Feature - Commercial capital of the state of MP Pimpri Chinchwad Population mn Key Feature - Twin city of Pune/ mostly Industrial Hubli Dharwad Population mn Key Feature - 2nd largest conurbation after Bangalore/ Educational hub Mysore Population mn Key Feature - Tourist destination

8 Naya Raipur – BRTS Lite Improved public transport connectivity between old and new city and within new city Improved pedestrian and cycling access in new city Corridor I Corridor III Corridor II

9 BRT Lite slated for launch by end 2015
Naya Raipur MAJOR HIGHLIGHTS KEY CHALLENGES Construction ongoing BRT station cum pick up point at Railway Station showcase of inter-modal integration TA support provided on UMTA for Greater Raipur Area – UMTA constituted Changes in development code and NR Masterplan recommended by NRDA Board to state government based on TA on ToD Regional Mobility Plan under preparation Interim Bus service launched Delays in preparation, award of contracts Coordination with Railways Slow construction progress Staffing of BRT Team BRT Lite slated for launch by end 2015

10 Pimpri-Chinchwad BRTS

11 Pimpri-Chinchwad BRTS
Four BRTS Corridors 2 NURM funded major corridors connecting Pimpri-Chinchwad with Pune Roadworks complete; BRT stations, access improvements ongoing 2 Bank supported greenfield corridors of 19 km connecting the two parts of the city divided by a river, railway line and major highway – grid formation Roadworks and BRT station works ongoing

12 BRT slated for launch by end 2015
Pimpri-Chinchwad MAJOR HIGHLIGHTS KEY CHALLENGES Construction ongoing BRT Access Plan TA ongoing Parking Policy under preparation Communications and outreach ongoing BRT Cell created within PMPML with fulltime CEO One of the first failed BRT (?) pilots in Pune resulting in adverse public opinion Coordination between multiple stakeholders with divergent priorities i.e. Pimpri-Chinchwad, Pune, PMPML on station design, buses, ITS, service plan etc. Protracted land acquisition owing to litigation, substantial displacement and resettlement resulting in delayed implementation Poorly performing contractor BRT slated for launch by end 2015


Key public transport corridor: 170k bus trips/day ( passengers per direction per hour) forecast to increase to 287,000 trips/day by 2024 Buses 7% of vehicles, 70% of passengers on corridor Travel time: 64 minutes rising to 70 min by 2024 (trip time with project will reduce by about 30 min) Responsible for about 50% of road crash fatalities in metropolitan area (63 in 2008) Designed for ~12000 PHPDT Segregated Central bus lanes with Median bus stops; Trunk & Feeder service; level boarding & alighting; Off-board ticketing ITS for BRTS, ATCS for traffic management, Integrated ticketing Standard and articulated buses Comprehensive development of city transport infrastructure: depots, workshops, terminals both for BRT and feeder buses, last-mile connectivity.

Hubli-Dharwad inducted late into the Project in 2013 Comprehensive approach including city wide public transport improvements New SPV created for BRT Green BRTS Systematic approach to land acquisition - negotiations completed with majority of affected religious sites Many contracts awarded; construction commenced TA on integrated transport and land use planning under procurement Communication and outreach ongoing Complex land acquisition and resettlement Delays on account of redesign/ alternatives analysis

16 Mysore - ITS

17 Indore - ITS

Indore has distinction of introducing the concept of PPP in city bus services in India back in 2005 The BRT (Ibus) became operational in May 2013 GPS enabled ITS system (PIS/AVLS/TSP/AFCS) on the BRT planned to be funded under GEF SUTP project An Oct 2013 High Court ruling has resulted in opening the BRT corridor to general traffic The SPV for managing city buses services (AICTSL) thinly staffed Frequent changes in key officials Long delays and issues with ITS procurement

19 Project Progress Project disbursement at 30%
75 percent of the IBRD funds have now been committed compared to about 50 percent in January 2014 – 4 years into the project

20 Challenges … BRT are complex projects involving many aspects i.e. infrastructure, buses, BRT service operations, ITS, and requiring agility to deal with changes Land acquisition and resettlement poses serious challenges in urban environment Fragmented institutional arrangements and need for continuous stakeholder coordination at the city level i.e. municipal corporation(s), development authority, bus company Frequent changes in key officials – issues of ownership and commitment Assignment of dedicated resources / staff

21 Key Lessons … Success Factors
A nodal organisation, SPV, mandated with project implementation and operation, with committed funding and dedicated resources Investment of time and resources in project preparation Complete DPR with all elements of the Project properly studied and designed Robust designs with analysis of alternatives to minimise impacts & optimise benefits Procurement packages identified and implementation schedule in place (including service elements) Land acquisition and resettlement – proper planning and consultation, streamlined implementation with support of NGO’s, consultants BRT Expert to support through design and implementation phase Early consultation and project communication Project champion

22 Thank You Contact Nupur Gupta, Sr. Transport Specialist

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