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Station 10 Scientific Evidence of Common Ancestry Reporting Category 3 Biological Evolution and Classification.

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Presentation on theme: "Station 10 Scientific Evidence of Common Ancestry Reporting Category 3 Biological Evolution and Classification."— Presentation transcript:

1 Station 10 Scientific Evidence of Common Ancestry Reporting Category 3 Biological Evolution and Classification

2 Essential Question – Bell Ringer What information can be gained by examining the fossil remains of the ancestors of modern organisms? By studying fossil remains, scientists can determine how closely related fossil organisms are to modern species. Fossil remains also give scientists insight into what environmental conditions were like where the fossil organisms lived.

3 Information about past life, including the structure of organisms, what they ate, what ate them, their environment, and the order in which they lived can be determined using…. A. Vestigiology B. The fossil record C. Stratology D. Ecology Pre-Review Question

4 What does this diagram represent? Fossil Record Pre-Review Question

5 Based on DNA sequencing, which organisms are more closely related? A. AAC GCA TTA GCC B. GAC GCA TTA GCA C. AAC AAT CCA GCA A and B A. AAC GCA TTA GCC B. GAC GCA TTA GCA

6 What type of homology does this represent? A. Molecular B. Anatomical C. Developmental Why did you choose A and B as your answer to the previous question? Pre Review Question Because they have the fewest DNA sequence differences. A. Molecular

7 Pre-Review Question These two cladograms represent the same information. Based on the graphic, which two organisms are most closely related?

8 Lab Activities You will now go to the lab and complete the activities for today’s topics.

9 Draw this chart in your journal and fill in the name of the organism and the DNA sequencing from the lab activity.

10 Check your work

11 Examine this diagram to answer the following questions in your journal.

12 How has the anatomy of the horse changed over time? Skull? Legs? All parts of the horse’s anatomy have become larger. The face is longer, and the cheek teeth have changed in number and size (longer and less sharp). The lower legs and feet have changed, and the number of toes has been reduced from four smaller toes to one large toe that we now call the hoof.

13 More Specifically The number of toes these horses have decreases in number: The oldest fossil has four toes; oligohippus has three; mercyhippus also has three but two are not fully formed; pliohippus has one toe but remnants of two additional ones near the knee. The modern horse, equus, has only one toe, which has evolved into a hoof while the toes have decreased in number, the skulls have increased in size.

14 I need to remember…….. I need to remember... DNA sequences are used to determine how closely related organisms are to one another. Examining fossil remains enables scientists to understand how modern organisms developed over time.

15 What do these structures represent? Vestigial structures Analogous structures Homologous structures Radiant structures Post Review Question

16 If two different species have homologous structures, what does this tell you about their evolutionary history? A.They share a common ancestor. B.They do not share a common ancestor

17 The process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve similarities when adapting to similar environments. A. Convergent Evolution B. Divergent Evolution C. Adaptive Radiation D. Symbiosis Post Review Question

18 What does the circled structure represent? Vestigial structure Analogous structure Homologous structure Radiant structure


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