Presentation on theme: "Secular Song and Polyphony. Secular Song Rise of secular song came about 12 th century when the troubadours were active Troubadours – poet-musicians who."— Presentation transcript:
Secular Song and Polyphony
Secular Song Rise of secular song came about 12 th century when the troubadours were active Troubadours – poet-musicians who performed and composed songs for small aristocratic courts of Southern France trouveres (Northern France). They sang about love, duty, friendship, ceremony and poetry, with love being a central topic.
Secular Song – The poems mainly address an idealized vision of a woman, who is remote and usually unattainable. The lover pleads for the idealized woman to show him some sign of affection. Sometimes called “courtly love” because it derived from a conventional code of manners that flourished in the aristocratic courts of the Middle Ages.
Polyphony 1 st arose in the 10 th century, but really became popular in 1200 when there was a sudden explosion of polyphonic liturgical composition. Paris was where the most significant amount of polyphony was composed in the 12 th and 13 th centuries, as it was one of the primary centers of the late Medieval world.
Polyphony continued First collection of polyphony in the history of Western music was written by Leonius (started the collection) and Perotinus (added to it and extended the range and scope of the music). Collection known as Magnus Liber Organi (Great Book of Polyphony) Contains polyphonic compositions for the main feasts of the church year.
Late Medieval Polyphonic Song 1300s secular song and polyphony combine. Italy and France at the forefront. Guillaume de Machaut ( ) – leading composer of polyphonic song in France. He was an administrator, poet and composer. He held positions at prominent courts including that of Charles V of France. He composed mostly polyphonic secular song; although, he also composed some sacred music. A great deal of music by him survives.
The End of the Middle Ages Styles of France and Italy begin to merge due to more commerce, political alliances forming, two popes, one centered in Rome and the other in Avignon. The Avignon court hired both French and Italian composers, who learned from each other. This new international style was the basis for a new period of musical history -Renaissance