Composers Leonin - late 12th c. - 2 voices - 1st known composer of polyphonic music Perotin - early 13th c. - 3-4 voices - polytextual motets Hildegard von Bingen - late 12th c. - did not draw on existing repertoire 1150-1450 - individual composers came to be recognized
Secular Musicians Who were the secular musicians of the Middle Ages? Jongleurs Troubadours Trouveres Minnesingers Discuss the oral tradition.
Guillaume de Machaut (c. 1300-1377) Admired as greatest musician of the time Both religious and secular music Chanson - courtly love poem set in one of several fixed text forms –Rondeau, ballade, virelai Chanson: Puis qu’en oubli –Polyphonic chanson - 3 voices –Rondeau - A-B-a-A-a-b-A-B
Instrumental Music Name instruments of the Middle Ags. –Soft: lute, harp, psaltery, vielle –Loud: shawn, slide trumpet (sacbut), tabor –Organ How were instruments used? –Double or substitute –Monophonic dances How important were instruments?