Composers Leonin - late 12th c. - 2 voices - 1st known composer of polyphonic music Perotin - early 13th c voices - polytextual motets Hildegard von Bingen - late 12th c. - did not draw on existing repertoire individual composers came to be recognized
Secular Musicians Who were the secular musicians of the Middle Ages? Jongleurs Troubadours Trouveres Minnesingers Discuss the oral tradition.
Guillaume de Machaut (c ) Admired as greatest musician of the time Both religious and secular music Chanson - courtly love poem set in one of several fixed text forms –Rondeau, ballade, virelai Chanson: Puis qu’en oubli –Polyphonic chanson - 3 voices –Rondeau - A-B-a-A-a-b-A-B
Instrumental Music Name instruments of the Middle Ags. –Soft: lute, harp, psaltery, vielle –Loud: shawn, slide trumpet (sacbut), tabor –Organ How were instruments used? –Double or substitute –Monophonic dances How important were instruments?