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WORLDVIEW How Now Shall We Live? By Chuck Colson.

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1 WORLDVIEW How Now Shall We Live? By Chuck Colson

2 Truth… What is Truth? Clip from the MatrixClip from the Matrix The story of Pilate and JesusThe story of Pilate and Jesus Clip from the Passion of the ChristClip from the Passion of the Christ

3 What is a Worldview? The sum total of our beliefs about the world, the “big picture” that directs our daily decisions and actions.The sum total of our beliefs about the world, the “big picture” that directs our daily decisions and actions. Our major task in life is to discover what is true and live in step with that truthOur major task in life is to discover what is true and live in step with that truth Every worldview can be measured by the way it answers three fundamental questions…Every worldview can be measured by the way it answers three fundamental questions…

4 The Questions… Where did we come?Where did we come? Who are we?Who are we? Why are we here?Why are we here?

5 What is Truth? “Conformity to fact or reality; exact accordance with that which is, or has been, or shall be…”“Conformity to fact or reality; exact accordance with that which is, or has been, or shall be…” Truth is RealityTruth is Reality Insanity is losing touch with realityInsanity is losing touch with reality Believing the lie is realBelieving the lie is real

6 Truth: Objective vs. Subjective ObjectiveObjective –Truths that never change inspite of one’s feelings. –From a Source outside of one’s self Subjective –One constructs their own opinion of what is right or wrong –Subjectivists are those who deny objective truths –See handout

7 What is Philosophy? “A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality.”“A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality.” The discovery of reality.The discovery of reality. Many different competing philosophies out there.Many different competing philosophies out there. One example is naturalistic philosophyOne example is naturalistic philosophy

8 Naturalistic Philosophy No gods or purposive forcesNo gods or purposive forces No ultimate foundation for ethicsNo ultimate foundation for ethics No free will.No free will. No life after deathNo life after death No ultimate meaning in lifeNo ultimate meaning in life There are many other competing philosophies today. We will look at those in the next days.There are many other competing philosophies today. We will look at those in the next days. Assign pg , questions on bottom of p. 33.Assign pg , questions on bottom of p. 33.

9 Contemporary Philosophies Secular humanismSecular humanism MaterialismMaterialism AtheismAtheism IndividualismIndividualism CapitalismCapitalism Communism/socialismCommunism/socialism HedonismHedonism NihilismNihilism ExistentialismExistentialism Moral relativism Religious indifferentism Agnosticism Utilitarianism

10 Secular Humanism Man is the ultimate universal authority of all.Man is the ultimate universal authority of all. +man is great, man is important+man is great, man is important - ignores source of original authority of God, ignores something greater- ignores source of original authority of God, ignores something greater

11 Materialism Happiness is based on money & possessions (acquisition our primary purpose)Happiness is based on money & possessions (acquisition our primary purpose) + we need things to survive+ we need things to survive - things can’t love us back - things can’t love us back

12 Atheism Denial of God’s existenceDenial of God’s existence + we are responsible for our own actions and choose our own fate+ we are responsible for our own actions and choose our own fate - no meaning to our existence- no meaning to our existence

13 Individualism We should be the primary concern of our own lives/self-sufficientWe should be the primary concern of our own lives/self-sufficient + builds self reliance and confidence+ builds self reliance and confidence - self-centred, ignore others- self-centred, ignore others

14 Capitalism Focuses on pursuit of wealth/profitFocuses on pursuit of wealth/profit + promotes individual success+ promotes individual success - could deteriorate into greed- could deteriorate into greed

15 Communism/socialism Aims to have the group meet the needs of allAims to have the group meet the needs of all + cooperation and communal concern+ cooperation and communal concern - suppresses the dignity of the indv., could suppress initiative and motivation- suppresses the dignity of the indv., could suppress initiative and motivation

16 Hedonism Constant pursuit of physical pleasureConstant pursuit of physical pleasure + good to have fun+ good to have fun - gluttony, avoid unpleasant responsibilities- gluttony, avoid unpleasant responsibilities

17 Nihilism Nothing is important/life ends at death, questions the worth of our actionsNothing is important/life ends at death, questions the worth of our actions +motive more valuable than action+motive more valuable than action - can lead to apathy and despair- can lead to apathy and despair “What we do in life, echoes in eternity”“What we do in life, echoes in eternity” -Maximus on Gladiator-Maximus on Gladiator

18 Existentialism We are isolated from others in our experiences.We are isolated from others in our experiences. + we are unique+ we are unique - if true, then how do we relate to others?- if true, then how do we relate to others?

19 Moral relativism We create our own right and wrongWe create our own right and wrong +we decide the “right” to follow+we decide the “right” to follow - no moral standards- no moral standards ** Christians believe we discover right and wrong through revelation, we do not invent it.** Christians believe we discover right and wrong through revelation, we do not invent it.

20 Religious indifferentism All faiths are the same so no need to settle on one.All faiths are the same so no need to settle on one. + similar truths in all belief systems+ similar truths in all belief systems - if we do not choose, we will never approach complete truth and beauty in our own religion- if we do not choose, we will never approach complete truth and beauty in our own religion **To discover the greatness of something we have to get into it (ex. Sport, relationship, religion)**To discover the greatness of something we have to get into it (ex. Sport, relationship, religion)

21 Agnosticism Doubt the existence of GodDoubt the existence of God + we must ask questions and find God for ourselves+ we must ask questions and find God for ourselves - unwilling to take leap of faith- unwilling to take leap of faith Leap is needed because belief in God can’t be based on facts alone, it requires relationship.Leap is needed because belief in God can’t be based on facts alone, it requires relationship. Ex. Marriage, FlyingEx. Marriage, Flying

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23 Identify Five Examples of Overlap 1.X 2.X 3.X 4.X 5.X **Christianity incorporates many of the positives of each of these philosophies in Christian humanism

24 One More Philosophy: Utilitarianism judges the usefulness of every and any human activityjudges the usefulness of every and any human activity 1. Useful is what ever is worthwhile, gives pleasure/comfort and excludes pain/discomfort.1. Useful is what ever is worthwhile, gives pleasure/comfort and excludes pain/discomfort. 2. The danger of it all is when the principle of usefulness is applied to people. Some people can be termed useless, burdens, or discomforts and then discarded.2. The danger of it all is when the principle of usefulness is applied to people. Some people can be termed useless, burdens, or discomforts and then discarded. 3. If a person is “used” in a negative sense ex. Exploited worker, prostitute, one night stand does this not attack the dignity of the person.3. If a person is “used” in a negative sense ex. Exploited worker, prostitute, one night stand does this not attack the dignity of the person. 4. Christianity and the natural law are opposed to the negative use of the person because it subjects one to being abused, violated, and possibly killed. Ex. Elderly, handicapped, unborn.4. Christianity and the natural law are opposed to the negative use of the person because it subjects one to being abused, violated, and possibly killed. Ex. Elderly, handicapped, unborn.

25 My friend Mike

26 Plato’s Parable of the Cave

27 The Natural Law that rule of right and wrong which our reason can perceive.that rule of right and wrong which our reason can perceive. Love is within us from GodLove is within us from God

28 Humanism having an interest in the “good” of humanityhaving an interest in the “good” of humanity 1. Christian humanism – includes God in thought and action1. Christian humanism – includes God in thought and action 2. Secular humanism – excludes God from thought and action2. Secular humanism – excludes God from thought and action **“We believe in life before death” – Cause Canada mission statement**“We believe in life before death” – Cause Canada mission statement

29 Case Study: Philosopher Fred Nietzsche 1. German Philosopher in the 1800’s1. German Philosopher in the 1800’s 2. Famous for saying “God is dead”2. Famous for saying “God is dead” 3. he said this because of watching the lives of Christians who he thought only lived for heaven, neglecting earthly responsibilities.3. he said this because of watching the lives of Christians who he thought only lived for heaven, neglecting earthly responsibilities. 4. The Christian God, with his arbitrary commands and prohibitions, would no longer stand in the way, so human beings might stop turning their eyes toward a supernatural realm and begin to acknowledge the value of this world.4. The Christian God, with his arbitrary commands and prohibitions, would no longer stand in the way, so human beings might stop turning their eyes toward a supernatural realm and begin to acknowledge the value of this world. Related to Practical Atheism – belief, but no actionsRelated to Practical Atheism – belief, but no actions

30 Christian Goal in Life 1. Ultimate – to prepare for heaven (meeting God and our true selves)1. Ultimate – to prepare for heaven (meeting God and our true selves) 2. Proximate (immediate) – to use this time on earth to love God, neighbour, and self. All are important, even to love ourselves.2. Proximate (immediate) – to use this time on earth to love God, neighbour, and self. All are important, even to love ourselves. Ex. The two goals are very connected, remember Maximus quote.Ex. The two goals are very connected, remember Maximus quote.

31 The Christian Concept of the Human Person

32 Six Points of Being Human 1.We are material-spiritual beings 1.Belong to material universe created by God 2.We have both a body and a soul 2.We belong to each other 1.We are unique but we need each other to have purpose 3.We are made in God’s image 1.we are fundamentally good. 4.We sin but God forgives us 1.We inherited original sin and are weak 5.We have an inner moral compass 1.Our conscience 6.Our vocation is to love 1.Loving others gives us purpose in our lives

33 Theism and Naturalism Moral relativismMoral relativism –Notes MulticulturalismMulticulturalism –dissect the word Pragmatism/UtilitarianismPragmatism/Utilitarianism –story of suicide workshop UtopianismUtopianism –Can we ever achieve heaven on earth This-world perspectiveThis-world perspective –What’s wrong with this? Quote from the Pope PostmodernismPostmodernism –What did you find out? The “Cultural Creatives” Pros and ConsThe “Cultural Creatives” Pros and Cons

34 Choices: Laws of the universe All the illicit stuff that Hollywood often portrays has real hard life consequences which the movies rarely portray.All the illicit stuff that Hollywood often portrays has real hard life consequences which the movies rarely portray. We end up with such heartache (my mom’s story), but there is forgivenessWe end up with such heartache (my mom’s story), but there is forgiveness My ND friends story about abortion choiceMy ND friends story about abortion choice


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