Presentation on theme: "How Now Shall We Live? By Chuck Colson"— Presentation transcript:
1How Now Shall We Live? By Chuck Colson WORLDVIEWHow Now Shall We Live?By Chuck Colson
2Truth… What is Truth? Clip from the Matrix The story of Pilate and JesusClip from the Passion of the Christ
3What is a Worldview?The sum total of our beliefs about the world, the “big picture” that directs our daily decisions and actions.Our major task in life is to discover what is true and live in step with that truthEvery worldview can be measured by the way it answers three fundamental questions…
4The Questions…Where did we come?Who are we?Why are we here?
5What is Truth?“Conformity to fact or reality; exact accordance with that which is, or has been, or shall be…”Truth is RealityInsanity is losing touch with realityBelieving the lie is real
6Truth: Objective vs. Subjective Truths that never change inspite of one’s feelings.From a Source outside of one’s selfSubjectiveOne constructs their own opinion of what is right or wrongSubjectivists are those who deny objective truthsSee handout
7What is Philosophy?“A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality.”The discovery of reality.Many different competing philosophies out there.One example is naturalistic philosophy
8Naturalistic Philosophy No gods or purposive forcesNo ultimate foundation for ethicsNo free will.No life after deathNo ultimate meaning in lifeThere are many other competing philosophies today. We will look at those in the next days.Assign pg , questions on bottom of p. 33.
10Secular Humanism Man is the ultimate universal authority of all. +man is great, man is important- ignores source of original authority of God, ignores something greater
11MaterialismHappiness is based on money & possessions (acquisition our primary purpose)+ we need things to survive- things can’t love us back
12Atheism Denial of God’s existence + we are responsible for our own actions and choose our own fate- no meaning to our existence
13IndividualismWe should be the primary concern of our own lives/self-sufficient+ builds self reliance and confidence- self-centred, ignore others
14Capitalism Focuses on pursuit of wealth/profit + promotes individual success- could deteriorate into greed
15Communism/socialism Aims to have the group meet the needs of all + cooperation and communal concern- suppresses the dignity of the indv., could suppress initiative and motivation
16Hedonism Constant pursuit of physical pleasure + good to have fun - gluttony, avoid unpleasant responsibilities
17NihilismNothing is important/life ends at death, questions the worth of our actions+motive more valuable than action- can lead to apathy and despair“What we do in life, echoes in eternity”-Maximus on Gladiator
18Existentialism We are isolated from others in our experiences. + we are unique- if true, then how do we relate to others?
19Moral relativism We create our own right and wrong +we decide the “right” to follow- no moral standards** Christians believe we discover right and wrong through revelation, we do not invent it.
20Religious indifferentism All faiths are the same so no need to settle on one.+ similar truths in all belief systems- if we do not choose, we will never approach complete truth and beauty in our own religion**To discover the greatness of something we have to get into it (ex. Sport, relationship, religion)
21Agnosticism Doubt the existence of God + we must ask questions and find God for ourselves- unwilling to take leap of faithLeap is needed because belief in God can’t be based on facts alone, it requires relationship.Ex. Marriage, Flying
23Identify Five Examples of Overlap **Christianity incorporates many of the positives of each of these philosophies in Christian humanism
24One More Philosophy: Utilitarianism judges the usefulness of every and any human activity1. Useful is what ever is worthwhile, gives pleasure/comfort and excludes pain/discomfort.2. The danger of it all is when the principle of usefulness is applied to people. Some people can be termed useless, burdens, or discomforts and then discarded.3. If a person is “used” in a negative sense ex. Exploited worker, prostitute, one night stand does this not attack the dignity of the person.4. Christianity and the natural law are opposed to the negative use of the person because it subjects one to being abused, violated, and possibly killed. Ex. Elderly, handicapped, unborn.
27The Natural Lawthat rule of right and wrong which our reason can perceive.Love is within us from God
28Humanism having an interest in the “good” of humanity 1. Christian humanism – includes God in thought and action2. Secular humanism – excludes God from thought and action**“We believe in life before death” – Cause Canada mission statement
29Case Study: Philosopher Fred Nietzsche 1. German Philosopher in the 1800’s2. Famous for saying “God is dead”3. he said this because of watching the lives of Christians who he thought only lived for heaven, neglecting earthly responsibilities.4. The Christian God, with his arbitrary commands and prohibitions, would no longer stand in the way, so human beings might stop turning their eyes toward a supernatural realm and begin to acknowledge the value of this world.Related to Practical Atheism – belief, but no actions
30Christian Goal in Life1. Ultimate – to prepare for heaven (meeting God and our true selves)2. Proximate (immediate) – to use this time on earth to love God, neighbour, and self. All are important, even to love ourselves.Ex. The two goals are very connected, remember Maximus quote.
32Six Points of Being Human We are material-spiritual beingsBelong to material universe created by GodWe have both a body and a soulWe belong to each otherWe are unique but we need each other to have purposeWe are made in God’s imagewe are fundamentally good.We sin but God forgives usWe inherited original sin and are weakWe have an inner moral compassOur conscienceOur vocation is to loveLoving others gives us purpose in our lives
33Theism and Naturalism Moral relativism Multiculturalism NotesMulticulturalismdissect the wordPragmatism/Utilitarianismstory of suicide workshopUtopianismCan we ever achieve heaven on earthThis-world perspectiveWhat’s wrong with this? Quote from the PopePostmodernismWhat did you find out?The “Cultural Creatives” Pros and Cons
34Choices: Laws of the universe All the illicit stuff that Hollywood often portrays has real hard life consequences which the movies rarely portray.We end up with such heartache (my mom’s story), but there is forgivenessMy ND friends story about abortion choice