2 MORALITY Is concerned with human conduct Is concerned with “what should be done”Judges right and wrong in light of what humanity isIs a sense of right and wrong
3 CHRISTIAN MORALITY Is the ability to respond to God Is the ability to loveIs the ability to say, “yes” to God
4 MORALITY is not just about religion, it’s about FREE HUMAN CONDUCT and making choices to do good.
5 MORAL PERSON Can distinguish between right and wrong Has the ability to behave the way humans should behaveObeys the laws for the right reasons (not just so they don’t get caught)Is “good” according to the standards of society
6 AN IMMORAL PERSON Opposes the moral principles of society Doesn’t act the way humans were meant to actKnowingly and freely treats others in an unloving way
7 AN AMMORAL PERSON Is not concerned with moral standards at all Does not accept any concept of right and wrongActs without paying attention to what is right or wrong; choices are random
8 MORAL PRINCIPLESAre basic truths that we use to determine rules of conductThese principles enable us to measure our moral obligation or figure out how we should act in the different situations we encounter(C.C.C.B., 2004)
9 What is a VALUE?Qualities, characteristics, or ideas about what we feel strongly aboutOur values affect our decision, goals and behaviourA belief or feeling that someone or something is worthwhileValues define what is of worth, what is beneficial, and what is harmfulValues are standards to guide your actions, judgments and attitudes
10 VALUES = DIRECTION Value Goals Behaviour Self-Value Values give us direction and consistency to behaviour.Values help you know what to and what not to make time for.Values help establish a relationship between you and the world.Values set direction for one’s life.
11 WHERE DO WE GET OUT VALUES FROM? Home, school, society, friends, church, T.V., music, books, family, culture, time period, employers, etc…
12 HAPPINESS comes fromletting your values decideyour behaviour goals.VALUES can change over your life-time as your experiences change your views
13 NATURAL LAWCatholics use ‘natural law’ to determine is an action is right or wrongAccording to Pope Leo XIII natural law is “written and engraved in the soul”The Catechism says “The natural law expresses the original moral sense which enables man to discern by reason the good and the evil, the truth and the lie (CCC, # 1954)(C.C.C.B., 2004)
14 THOMAS AQUINAS & NATURAL LAW Aquinas believed that humans are naturally inclined to do good and avoid evilA misinformed conscience can make a mistake that leads to evil action without evil intent
15 FOUR PRINCIPLES OF NATURAL LAW Do good and avoid evil.Preservation of life.Propagation and education of offspring.The pursuit of truth and a peaceful society.
16 TEXTBOOK WORK Read page 155 and complete the following: Answer Guiding Questions 1-2.Summarize Jacques Maritain’s view of natural law.Summarize Thomas Aquinas’ view on natural law and reason.Summarize Thomas Aquinas’ view on natural law and human law.