Presentation on theme: "HRE 4M1. MORALITY Is concerned with human conduct Is concerned with “what should be done” Judges right and wrong in light of what humanity is "— Presentation transcript:
MORALITY Is concerned with human conduct Is concerned with “what should be done” Judges right and wrong in light of what humanity is Is a sense of right and wrong
CHRISTIAN MORALITY Is the ability to respond to God Is the ability to love Is the ability to say, “yes” to God
MORALITY is not just about religion, it’s about FREE HUMAN CONDUCT and making choices to do good.
MORAL PERSON Can distinguish between right and wrong Has the ability to behave the way humans should behave Obeys the laws for the right reasons (not just so they don’t get caught) Is “good” according to the standards of society
AN IMMORAL PERSON Opposes the moral principles of society Doesn’t act the way humans were meant to act Knowingly and freely treats others in an unloving way
AN AMMORAL PERSON Is not concerned with moral standards at all Does not accept any concept of right and wrong Acts without paying attention to what is right or wrong; choices are random
MORAL PRINCIPLES Are basic truths that we use to determine rules of conduct These principles enable us to measure our moral obligation or figure out how we should act in the different situations we encounter (C.C.C.B., 2004)
What is a VALUE? Qualities, characteristics, or ideas about what we feel strongly about Our values affect our decision, goals and behaviour A belief or feeling that someone or something is worthwhile Values define what is of worth, what is beneficial, and what is harmful Values are standards to guide your actions, judgments and attitudes
VALUES = DIRECTION Value Goals Behaviour Self-Value Values give us direction and consistency to behaviour. Values help you know what to and what not to make time for. Values help establish a relationship between you and the world. Values set direction for one’s life.
WHERE DO WE GET OUT VALUES FROM? Home, school, society, friends, church, T.V., music, books, family, culture, time period, employers, etc…
HAPPINESS comes from letting your values decide your behaviour goals. VALUES can change over your life-time as your experiences change your views
NATURAL LAW Catholics use ‘natural law’ to determine is an action is right or wrong According to Pope Leo XIII natural law is “written and engraved in the soul” The Catechism says “The natural law expresses the original moral sense which enables man to discern by reason the good and the evil, the truth and the lie (CCC, # 1954) (C.C.C.B., 2004)
THOMAS AQUINAS & NATURAL LAW Aquinas believed that humans are naturally inclined to do good and avoid evil A misinformed conscience can make a mistake that leads to evil action without evil intent
FOUR PRINCIPLES OF NATURAL LAW 1. Do good and avoid evil. 2. Preservation of life. 3. Propagation and education of offspring. 4. The pursuit of truth and a peaceful society.
TEXTBOOK WORK Read page 155 and complete the following: 1. Answer Guiding Questions Summarize Jacques Maritain’s view of natural law. 3. Summarize Thomas Aquinas’ view on natural law and reason. 4. Summarize Thomas Aquinas’ view on natural law and human law.