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CHAPTER5: Identifying and Understanding Words BY: Annalisa C. Dimeo EDUC 231.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER5: Identifying and Understanding Words BY: Annalisa C. Dimeo EDUC 231."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CHAPTER5: Identifying and Understanding Words BY: Annalisa C. Dimeo EDUC 231

3 Table of Contents:  Identifying and Understanding Words  There’s a Nightmare in My Closet, By Mercer Mayer  Differences between identifying and understanding  Five ways to call children’s attention to sight words  Decoding  Sight words activity  Fluent reader  What is a fluent reader?  Develop fluency  Why is fluent reading important?

4 Table of Contents:  Fluent reading allows children to read  As students become fluent readers  Choral Reading Activity  How students learn the meaning of words  Teaching students how to unlock word meanings  Four strategies to learn the meanings of words  Guidelines for vocabulary instruction  How effective teachers teach students to identify words and learning word meanings.  Word Map Activity  Applause! Applause!

5 IDENTIFYING AND UNDERSTANDING WORDS Difference between identifying and understanding words How students learn to decode words How students become fluent readers Why fluent reading is important How students learn the meanings of words

6 THERE’S A NIGHTMARE IN MY CLOSET WRITTEN AND ILLUSTRATED BY MERCER MAYER

7 Difference between identifying and understanding  Sight Words  New Words  New Concept  New Meanings  High Frequency Words

8 Five ways to call children’s attention to sight words  Word chart  Reading and rereading books  Mini Lesson  Dictionaries  Patterned Writing

9 Decoding Decoding  Phonics  Analogies  Context Clues  Syllabic Analysis  Morphemic Knowledge

10 SIGHT WORDS ACTIVITY:

11 FLUENT READER FLUENT READER

12 What is a fluent reader?  Automatic Identification  Uses identification strategies  We are fluent readers

13 Developing Fluency  Easy-to-read books  Repeated readings  Choral readings  Readers theater  Listening center  Reading workshop

14 WHY IS FLUENT READING IMPORTANT?

15 Fluent Reading Allows Children To Read:  Automatically  Rapidly  Accurately

16  As students become fluent readers, they use less energy for word identification and focus more energy on comprehending what they read.

17 CHORAL READING ACTIVITY:  THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT JACK BUILT

18 How Students Learn the Meanings of Words  Word  Word Meanings  Understanding  Understanding Multiple Meanings of Words  Recognizing  Recognizing Figurative Meanings  Using  Using “Nym” Words  Tapping  Tapping into Prior Knowledge  Teaching  Teaching Students how to unlock word meanings

19 Teaching Students How to Unlock Word Meanings  Instructions should help students relate new words to their background knowledge.  Instructions should help students develop ownership-level word knowledge.  Instructions should provide for students’ active involvement in learning new words.  Instructions should develop students’ strategies for learning new words independently.

20 Four Strategies to learn the meanings of words  Phonics  Morphological Analysis  Context Clues  Reference Books

21 Guidelines For Vocabulary Instruction  Words to Study  Prior Knowledge  Word Walls  Choosing Words to Teach  The Four Language Arts  Vocabulary Activities  Mini Lessons  Wide Reading  Dictionaries and Reference Books

22  HOW EFFECTIVE TEACHERS TEACH STUDENTS TO IDENTIFY WORDS AND LEARNING WORD MEANINGS

23 WORD MAP ACTIVITY:

24 APPLAUSE! APPLAUSE!

25 Works Cited  Tompkins, Gail E. Literacy for the 21st Century: A Balanced Approach. Prentice-Hall: PP  Mayer, Mercer. There’s a Nightmare in My Closet. Harper/Collins:  Special Thanks goes to:  Microsoft PowerPoint. Microsoft Corporation:  The anonymous author of This is the House that Jack Built.  The Internet


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