CHAPTER5: Identifying and Understanding Words BY: Annalisa C. Dimeo EDUC 231
Table of Contents: Identifying and Understanding Words There’s a Nightmare in My Closet, By Mercer Mayer Differences between identifying and understanding Five ways to call children’s attention to sight words Decoding Sight words activity Fluent reader What is a fluent reader? Develop fluency Why is fluent reading important?
Table of Contents: Fluent reading allows children to read As students become fluent readers Choral Reading Activity How students learn the meaning of words Teaching students how to unlock word meanings Four strategies to learn the meanings of words Guidelines for vocabulary instruction How effective teachers teach students to identify words and learning word meanings. Word Map Activity Applause! Applause!
IDENTIFYING AND UNDERSTANDING WORDS Difference between identifying and understanding words How students learn to decode words How students become fluent readers Why fluent reading is important How students learn the meanings of words
THERE’S A NIGHTMARE IN MY CLOSET WRITTEN AND ILLUSTRATED BY MERCER MAYER
Difference between identifying and understanding Sight Words New Words New Concept New Meanings High Frequency Words
Five ways to call children’s attention to sight words Word chart Reading and rereading books Mini Lesson Dictionaries Patterned Writing
Fluent Reading Allows Children To Read: Automatically Rapidly Accurately
As students become fluent readers, they use less energy for word identification and focus more energy on comprehending what they read.
CHORAL READING ACTIVITY: THIS IS THE HOUSE THAT JACK BUILT
How Students Learn the Meanings of Words Word Word Meanings Understanding Understanding Multiple Meanings of Words Recognizing Recognizing Figurative Meanings Using Using “Nym” Words Tapping Tapping into Prior Knowledge Teaching Teaching Students how to unlock word meanings
Teaching Students How to Unlock Word Meanings Instructions should help students relate new words to their background knowledge. Instructions should help students develop ownership-level word knowledge. Instructions should provide for students’ active involvement in learning new words. Instructions should develop students’ strategies for learning new words independently.
Four Strategies to learn the meanings of words Phonics Morphological Analysis Context Clues Reference Books
Guidelines For Vocabulary Instruction Words to Study Prior Knowledge Word Walls Choosing Words to Teach The Four Language Arts Vocabulary Activities Mini Lessons Wide Reading Dictionaries and Reference Books
HOW EFFECTIVE TEACHERS TEACH STUDENTS TO IDENTIFY WORDS AND LEARNING WORD MEANINGS
Works Cited Tompkins, Gail E. Literacy for the 21st Century: A Balanced Approach. Prentice-Hall: 1997. PP. 158-198. Mayer, Mercer. There’s a Nightmare in My Closet. Harper/Collins: 1968. Special Thanks goes to: Microsoft PowerPoint. Microsoft Corporation: 1987-1996. The anonymous author of This is the House that Jack Built. The Internet