Presentation on theme: "Developing Fluent Readers and Writers Why do students need to learn to read and write high-frequency words? What strategies do students learn to use."— Presentation transcript:
Developing Fluent Readers and Writers Why do students need to learn to read and write high-frequency words? What strategies do students learn to use to recognize unfamiliar words? How do students become fluent readers? Why is fluency important?
Ms. Williams’ High-Frequency Word Instruction Thematic Units of Study with Fiction & Non-Fiction Texts Word Wall/ Word Manipulatives Interactive Writing Literacy Centers: Retelling, Science, Word Work, Listening, Word Wall, Writing, Word Sort, Library (student aides) Language Experience Approach Choral Reading
Goals in teaching students to read and write Word Recognition: the quick and easy pronunciation or pronunciation or spelling of a spelling of a familiar familiar word word Word Identification: the ability to figure out the pronunciation or spelling of an unfamiliar word using a strategy such as syllabic analysis the ability to figure out the pronunciation or spelling of an unfamiliar word using a strategy such as syllabic analysis
Word Recognition Strategies High-Frequency, “Sight Words,” are not easily decodable Word Walls / Word Work Centers Making Words Tiles, Magnetic Letters, Paint Bags, Sidewalk Chalk Introduce Words in Context Chant/Clap the Spelling of New Words Interactive Writing / L.E.A. Class Books
Word Identification Strategies Phonic Analysis – using sound / symbol relationships & patterns to decode & spell By Analogy – using knowledge of rhyming words to deduce a pronunciation or spelling; focus on word families or rimes Syllabic Analysis – breaking words into syllables before using phonics & analogies; also known as “chunking” Morphemic Analysis – applying knowledge of root words & affixes to identify unfamiliar words through the meaning of all parts
What is Fluency? Fluency is the ability to read effectively and involves three components: Reading Rate – the speed at which students read (fluent reading = 100 words / minute) Word Recognition – automatic recognition of high-frequency words Prosody – the ability to orally read sentences with appropriate phrasing and intonation