Presentation on theme: "Using Picture Books to Teach Adolescents Reading Strategies"— Presentation transcript:
1Using Picture Books to Teach Adolescents Reading Strategies
2Why teach comprehension? Researchers Linda Fielding and P. David Pearson (1994) recently described the shift in our thinking about comprehension:Once thought of as the natural result of decoding, plus oral language, comprehension is now viewed as a much more complex process involving knowledge, experience, thinking, and teaching.It is important to teach readers to think when they read, to develop an awareness of their thinking, and to use strategies that help them comprehend.Comprehension is the key component in reading.Children need to know how to make connections, ask questions, visualize, infer, extract important ideas, and synthesize important information if they are to become fluent readers.
3Reading Strategies Prediction *actively making predictions based on titles, pictures, and textAsking Questions*actively asking questions of themselves, authors, or text before, during, and after reading*generating possible answers to the questions*keeps readers engaged*helps readers clarify understanding and make meaning
4Making Connections*actively making connections to self, to other texts, and to the world*readers comprehend better when they think about the connections between the text, their lives and the larger worldMaking Inferences*actively draw inferences before, during, and after reading*readers find clues from the text to help them think ahead, make a judgment, or predict what is to come
5Why is it important to teach reading strategies? Students need to see teachers modeling reading strategies.Teachers need to show students how to be active readers.Comprehension increases when students are actively engaged before, during, and after reading.
6What is the best way to teach reading strategies? Teacher repeatedly models own use of strategyShow students their thinking when they are readingDiscuss how strategy helps readers make meaningMake connections between the new strategy and what the reader already knowsGradually release responsibility for the use of the strategy to the studentsBuild in large amounts of time for actual text reading by the studentsProvide opportunities for guided practiceShow students how the strategy applies to other texts, genres, formats, disciplines, and contextsHelp students to use strategies togetherObserve and talk with students about their learning
7What does effective strategy instruction look like? LessonDirect instructionTeacher models the strategy for the students.Guided practiceTeacher and students practice the strategy in small or large groups.Independent practiceStudents practice the strategy independently.
8Why should I use picture books to teach comprehension strategies? Effective way to explicitly teach reading comprehension strategiesGives everyone in the room a common literacy experienceCan be read quickly and easily reread to clarify confusion and construct better meaningGreat for for modeling, guided practice, and independent practiceVivid language and illustrationsWide range of themes, issues, words, and ideas that reach out to different learning styles, ages, reading levels, or prior experiencesGreat for reluctant readers, low ability readers, and ESL readers