Presentation on theme: "Mental and Emotional Problems"— Presentation transcript:
1Mental and Emotional Problems Chapter 5Mental and Emotional Problems
2What do you think?Emotionally healthy people handle life’s problems without any help.False: emotionally healthy people often benefit from professional help, and it is well worth seeking.Anxiety is always a sign of a serious mental problem.False: ordinary anxiety is a normal emotion that everyone experiences from time to time.Depression is one of the most common mental disorders.True
3Coping with difficult emotions On any given day, you may experience a wide variety of emotionsEmotions are neither positive nor negativeFeelings such as anger or fear may be unpleasant, but that does not make them wrongIt’s the way you deal with these emotions that can be good or bad for your healthEmotions can be managed! Learning to handle emotions in a positive way will protect your physical, emotional, and social health.
4Fear and anxietyFear is a normal, instinctive response to a dangerous situation. It can trigger the stress response that we learned in chapter four.Fear is healthy when it encourages you to be careful in a dangerous situation.Some things that frighten us may cause an unreasonable amount of fear. This is called a phobia (we will learn about these in the next section).
5Fear and anxietyAnxiety- an emotional state of high energy that triggers the stress response and is related to fear.Anxiety is natural and can either be helpful or harmful to us.If you feel increased anxiety while taking a test, it may help you perform better.Extreme anxiety can hurt your performance by making you feel overwhelmed and causing you to freeze up.
6Dealing with anxiety or fear 1. Identify the cause. What do you fear? Write it down.2. Deal with the cause if you can3. If you can’t change the cause, let it go.4. Try to envision a positive outcome. Focus on success5. Use any extra energy for physical activity.6. Practice relaxation techniques.
7sadness and griefSadness is a NORMAL reaction to events in your life (bad grades, break-up)Sadness can be mild and brief or deep and long-lastingThe deepest form of sadness is grief – the emotional response to a major loss, such as the death of a loved onePeople who feel sad may say that they are “depressed”, but sadness and depression are not the same thing.Sadness is a normal and temporary emotion, while depression is a serious illness that interferes with a person’s daily life.
8angerDuring your teen years, the increased levels of hormones in your body may cause you to become angry over small thingsIt is important to learn how to manage your anger so you do not risk damaging your relationships with others.To control anger you must first recognize what is causing the anger, then you can think about ways to deal with the problemIt is important to first cool off before taking any actionTake a walkListen to musicWrite down your thoughts in a journal
9Guilt and shameGuilt is the normal feeling that arises from the conscience when a person acts against internal valuesThe best way to deal with appropriate guilt is to admit you are wrongSometimes people feel guilty for things that are not their fault (divorce)Shame is a feeling of being inherently unworthyShame means feeling bad about who you are as a personFeelings of shame can be linked to serious mental problemsRemember: guilt is about what you do while shame is about who you are
10Mental and emotional disorders Everyone experiences difficult emotions from time to time, but when emotional problems interfere with daily life, that could be a sign of mental illness.Mental illness can interfere with work, personal relationships, and even basic daily tasks like bathing.
11Warning signs of mental illness Personality ChangeChange in eating and sleepingInability to cope with problemsExtreme highs and lows in moodDifficulty performing daily tasksExcessive anger, hostility, or violent behaviorUnrealistic IdeasExcessive AnxietyThoughts of suicide or homicide (needs immediate help!)Prolonged Depression or indifference to the world
12Anxiety disorders Anxiety disorders can be severe and disabling Phobias- an extreme, irrational fear of an object or situationSocial Anxiety- extreme fear in the presence of other peopleObsessive-Compulsive Disorder- an uncontrollable fixation on specific thoughts and behaviorsPost-Traumatic Stress Disorder- serious stress reaction in response to a terrifying eventPanic Disorder- sudden, unexplained attacks of terror
13Mood Disorders Mood disorders involve extremes of emotion Depression Persistent feeling of apathy, hopelessness, or despair.One of the most common mental disorders (one out of every ten people)People who experience symptoms of depression for longer than two weeks should seek professional helpBipolar DisorderExtreme highs and lows of emotionsPeople with this disorder bounce back and forth from depressionTheir mood swings can go from extreme happiness to extreme irritability or aggressionThey also have difficulty concentrating and display poor judgment and reckless behavior
14Other disorders Schizophrenia Severe mental disorder that causes people to lose touch with realityAddictionPhysical or psychological dependence on a particular substance, habit, or behaviorEating DisordersAnorexia NervosaBulimia NervosaBinge Eating Disorder
15Emotional healingTherapy is any activity or treatment that helps a person cope with a mental or emotional problem.Many teens seek therapy to help them through troubled periods in their lives.Some examples include:Depression, anxiety, or stressEating disordersLearning or attention problems that affect schoolPainful events (serious illness, death, divorce, etc.)Substance abuseEveryday problems like managing anger or coping with peer pressure
16Types of therapy Psychotherapy Therapy in which the patient discusses problems with a trained therapistFamily TherapyMembers of a family meeting with a therapist to discuss problems that affect them as a groupGroup TherapySeveral people with similar problems receive support from each other and from a counselorBehavior TherapyA therapist helps a person break an unhealthy pattern of behavior through a system of rewards and desensitization (overcoming fears)
17Seeking helpIf you feel like you may need help with a mental or emotional problem, there are several places you can look.Your first step would be to talk to a parent or guardianOther people who may offer help:TeachersGuidance CounselorReligious LeaderDoctorCommunity Health CentersCrisis HotlinesSupport Groups
18Seeking helpIf you choose a therapist, it is important to choose one you are comfortable with.During your first visit you may want to ask the following questions:How long have you been practicing?What are your office hours?How much do you charge, will my insurance cover it?Do you work with teens regularly?Do you have experience helping people with problems like mine?What is your basic approach to treatment?If you are not satisfied with the answers you get, keep looking until you find someone who is a good fit for you.
19Mental health professionals People with these titles are qualified to offer therapy. Any others who claim to provide mental health services may not be trustworthyNameServicesTrainingPsychiatristCan provide medical and psychiatric evaluations and prescribe medicationsMedical degree and four years of specialized trainingPsychologistPerform psychological testing and treat emotional and behavioral problemsGraduate degree in psychologyPsychiatric NurseMay assess and treat mental illnesses and in some states prescribe medicationCollege degrees ranging from associate’s to doctoralSocial WorkerAssess and treat mental illnesses and help people with everyday life issuesMaster’s degree in social workCounselorProvide counseling to individuals families and groupsMaster’s degree in psychology or counseling plus a license from the state where they practice
20Helping othersRecognize when it is possible to help a friend and when professional help is necessary.Some problems require a trained professional, an untrained person can cause more trouble by saying the wrong things.Caring and support are important to those suffering from severe mental illnessAnother way to help those who have been diagnosed with a mental disorder is to talk honestly about their conditionDo not judge or label those with a mental illness, treat them as you would treat anyone else with respect and consideration.