4Emotions are neither positive nor negative. The way emotions are handled can be positive or negative.Learning to handle emotions in a positive way will protect your physical, mental/emotional, and social health.4
5Fear and AnxietyIn small doses, fear and anxiety can help you meet challenges, but too much anxiety is disabling.
6Fear and AnxietyAnxiety is natural and can be helpful in some situations because it increases alertness.Common symptoms of anxiety are rapid heart rate, rapid breathing, sweating, trembling, and increased muscle tension.anxietyAn emotional state of high energy that triggers the stress response6
7Fear and AnxietyFear is a normal, instinctive response to a dangerous situation.Fear can be healthy when it encourages you to be careful in dangerous situations.Phobias are not a real or serious threat, but are fears that hold you back from doing your best.
8Sadness and GriefNormal sadness is not the same as depression, a serious mental illness.8
9Sadness and Grief Sadness is a normal reaction to events in life. Sadness can be mild and brief or deep and long-lasting.The deepest form of sadness most people experience is grief.griefThe emotional response to a major loss, such as the death of a loved one9
10Sadness and Grief Sadness and depression are not the same thing. Sadness is a normal and temporary emotion.Depression is a serious illness that interferes with a person’s daily life.Long-lasting sadness can lead to depression.10
11AngerDealing with anger involves recognizing the emotion, addressing the cause, and taking time to cool off.11
12AngerDuring the teen years, increased levels of hormones can cause you to become angry over small things.To control anger, you must first recognize the emotion and identify its cause before reacting.When you understand the cause, give yourself a chance to calm down and then address the problem.12
13Guilt and ShameGuilt can remind you of your values. Shame is harmful and can contribute to serious mental problems.13
14Guilt and ShameFeelings of guilt may prompt you to act according to your values.The best way to deal with guilt is to admit fault when it is appropriate to do so.guiltThe normal feeling that arises from the conscience when a person acts against internal values14
15Guilt and Shame Shame means feeling bad about who you are as a person. Guilt makes people want to correct mistakes, but shame makes them feel incapable of doing so.Shame can be linked to mental problems, including depression and eating disorders.shameA feeling of being inherently unworthy15
16Section Review: Reviewing the Vocabulary Anxiety is __________.anxietyAn emotional state of high energy that triggers the stress response
17Section Review: Reviewing the Vocabulary The emotional response to a major loss, such as the death of a loved one, is called __________.griefThe emotional response to a major loss, such as the death of a loved one