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6th Grade UBD - Unit 3 - Mesopotamian Innovations and Contributions.

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Presentation on theme: "6th Grade UBD - Unit 3 - Mesopotamian Innovations and Contributions."— Presentation transcript:

1 6th Grade UBD - Unit 3 - Mesopotamian Innovations and Contributions

2  Mesopotamian Innovations- Early Mesopotamians developed a number of innovations. These greatly improved the lives of the people, particularly in the area of agriculture.  Hammurabi’s Code of Law- Hammurabi was a Babylonian king. He collected the laws into a single code. This code laid out how people should obey the laws. It also made clear how people would be punished for breaking them.

3  The ancient Mesopotamians developed many inventions and innovations, such as the wheel, the plow, and the calendar. Explain what you think the most important invention today is. (5 minutes)

4  Work with a neighbor and compare your answer with theirs. What things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)

5 Key Term Inventor- A person who invented a particular process or device or who invents things as an occupation.

6 Key Term Invention- The action of inventing something, typically a process or device.

7  The Epic of Gilgamesh was the first written story that we know of. It deals with many themes and ideas still found in literature today.  Mesopotamian innovations included the calendar, alphabet, literature, and metal and clay tools. These innovations were taken even further by later cultures.

8 Video- Development of Writing in Mesopotamia

9  The discoveries and developments made by the ancient Mesopotamians had a profound impact on future civilizations, and in many ways form the foundation for Western culture.

10  Mesopotamians introduced such developments as the first known writing system, the first complete code of law, and The Epic of Gilgamesh.

11  The Epic of Gilgamesh, is the oldest known piece of human literature.  Other innovations included a calendar, metal tools, and the wheel, which made agriculture and trade much easier.

12  The development of writing affected all parts of Sumerian life.  Farmers could record which crops they grew each year.  They could write down plans for future planting.

13  Merchants were able to keep detailed records of their trades.  Laws could be put in writing and people in different areas would all know the same rules.

14  Reading and writing cuneiform was difficult.  Children had to go to school to learn it.  Schools were usually located in temples.

15  The Sumerians used cuneiform writing in almost every part of their daily lives.  Because of that, we know a lot about who the Sumerians were and how they lived.

16 Video- The Epic of Gilgamesh

17  Some stories from Mesopotamia survive today.  The Epic of Gilgamesh legend was originally an oral story. Spoken aloud by storytellers, it was passed along from generation to generation.

18  An epic is usually about gods and heroes doing great deeds.  The Epic of Gilgamesh is believed to be the earliest surviving piece of literature.

19  The story tells about the life of Gilgamesh. It follows his change from a cruel king to a strong and respected leader.

20 Key Term Epic- A long poem or story usually about gods and heroes doing great deeds.

21 Reading Handout- Gilgamesh

22  The development of a calendar helped farmers know when to plant their crops, and metal tools like the plow made farming easier.  The invention of the wheel simplified travel and trade, which allowed Mesopotamian culture to spread throughout the region.

23  The code had no parts about religion.  The code established the idea that punishment should fit the crime. Today, this is known as “an eye for an eye.”  Rulers and judges could be punished for making unfair decisions.  The code was very clear about its protections for the weak, poor, and others who could not help themselves.

24  Hammurabi was a Babylonian king who ruled in the 1700s BCE.  Hammurabi devised a legal code that created a consistent code of conduct for citizens and judges alike, setting clear guidelines for how lawbreakers would be punished.

25  The code specifically called for the protection of the poor and helpless, such as widows and orphans.  This code of law formed the foundation of the legal systems in Western civilization.

26 Key Term Hammurabi - Ruler of the first dynasty of Babylon famous mainly because of the laws he set down known as the Code of Hammurabi.

27 Key Term Code of Hammurabi - A set of laws established by Hammurabi that covered several areas of law, including economic law, family law, criminal law, and civil law.

28  What has been the “muddiest” point so far in this lesson? That is, what topic remains the least clear to you? (4 minutes)

29  Work with a neighbor and compare your muddiest point with theirs. Compare what things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)

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