Presentation on theme: "Mesopotamian Civilization: Part 1 Begun 8/18/2014 Need more help? Email me or come to office hours- Wed. AM or Thur. PM."— Presentation transcript:
Mesopotamian Civilization: Part 1 Begun 8/18/2014 Need more help? Email me or come to office hours- Wed. AM or Thur. PM
What happened before Mesopotamian Civilization? * Paleolithic Age 2.5 million years ago to @ 8000 B.C. *Neolithic Age @ 8000 B.C. to @ 3000 B.C.
Development of Ancient River Valley Civilizations ●aka = “Cradles of Civilization o 3500 BCE ●Rivers needed for irrigation of crops 1.Mesopotamia o –1.Tigris R. & Euphrates R. 2.Egypt o –1.Nile R. 3.India o –1.Indus R. 4.China o –1.Huang He
First Four River Valley Civilizations Cradles of Civilization
Nile River Mesopotamia Indus River Huang He Why are they called ‘Cradles of Civilization?’
Characteristics of Civilization ●Complex Social Institutions o Government Organized o Complex Religions Polytheistic ●Advanced Technology o Irrigation Systems o Engineering Palaces/Temples ●Division of Labor o Specialization of Labor o Artisans ●Calendar o Keep track of flooding & religious ceremonies ●Written Language o Keep records of agriculture/taxes
Mesopotamia Meso = Middle Po = River Tamia = Land Part of an area known as the Fertile Crescent
What is a city-state? ●Independent city surrounded by farmland ●Ruled by individual rulers
Farmland City Oldest cities in the World are thought to be Sumer’s. Farmland
What types of governments began during this time? Dynasties – * series of rulers from the same family *usually a Monarchy
Besides rulers, who ranked at the top of social classes? Priests – people believed they spoke with the gods.
Mesopotamian Civilization: Part 2 Need more help? Email me or come to office hours- Wed. AM or Thur. PM- Quiz Friday!
Essential Knowledge 13. What were the 1st 4 River Valley Civilizations? 14. What was the name of the earliest known civilization? 15. What is an independent city surrounded by farmland? 16. What is the earliest known written language?
What other civilizations came about during/after the Sumerians? 1.Akkadians 2.Babylonians 3.Phoenicians 4.Assyrians 5.Hebrews
Akkadians ●Greatest Leader = Sargon ●1st to create an Empire o conquered city-states of Sumer ●Lasted only 200 years o fighting within empire o famine
Hammurabi’s Law Code ●Specific punishments for specific actions ●Property issues ●Harsh punishments. ●Social classes punished/rewarded differently Think/raise/speak (30 seconds)- Is this fair? Why or why not?
Eye for an Eye mentality. Upper classes treated differently from lower classes
Essential Knowledge 17. Who was the World’s 1st Emperor? 18. Which Mesopotamian Civilization had Hammurabi as their greatest ruler? 19. What was Hammurabi’s greatest achievement? 20. True or False: All people were equal under Hammurabi’s Law Code?