Presentation on theme: "Warm – Up 2/2/12 In a paragraph, relate the following key vocabulary words to one another. Civilization Nomad Paleolithic Neolithic Stone Age Domestication."— Presentation transcript:
1Warm – Up 2/2/12In a paragraph, relate the following key vocabulary words to one another.CivilizationNomadPaleolithicNeolithicStone AgeDomesticationHunting and Gathering
2Warm – up 2/3/2012The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the only pieces of literature we have from Mesopotamian civilizations. It was found in Ashurbanipal’s library in Assyria.Turn to page 35 in your textbook and read the excerpt from The Epic of Gilgamesh. Then answer the Critical Thinking questions in the bottom right-hand corner.
3Civilization Begins in Mesopotamia Chapter 2Section 1
4The Impact of Geography Fertile Crescent – Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf.Mesopotamia (between the rivers) – Between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Modern Day Iraq.Consistent agriculture.Large food supply population growth
5Ancient Mesopotamia covered three general areas: Assyria, Akkad, and Sumer.
6The City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia The Sumerians developed the first Mesopotamian civilization.City-statesZiggurat
9The City-States of Ancient Mesopotamia Theocratic governmentReligion and government overlapPriests played large leadership roles until Kings began to take over.
10Sumerian EconomyMostly agricultural, but industry and trade were also important.
11Sumerian Social Classes (Class system example) Nobles (royalty, royal officials, and priests) owned the landCommoners worked as farmers (90%), merchants, fishermen, and craftsmen.Slaves worked on building projects and as servants of the nobles.
12Beginnings of Empires1790 B.C.E. Babylonian empire became the first to unite much of Mesopotamia.Led by HammurabiWrote the world’s first law code and applied it throughout his empire.
13Hammurabi’s Code One of the world’s earliest systems of law. “Eye for an eye”Punishments varied according to social status.
14Warm – Up 2/6A __________________ was a massive stepped tower found in Mesopotamian city-states; on top was the temple, the most important building in each city.What does Mesopotamia mean?What kind of government did city-states in Mesopotamia establish?Who established the Babylonian Empire and wrote the first law code?
15The Persians Babylon fell to the Persian armies of Cyrus the Great. Established the largest empire in the world (Turkey, Iran , Egypt, & Afghanistan)Practiced tolerance towards the people they conquered.Switched to a money economy (goods and services are paid for through the exchange of some token of an agreed value).
16Religion in Mesopotamia Believed the world was controlled by destructive supernatural forces and deities.Polytheistic
17The Importance of Religion Sumerians – human beings were created to do the manual labor the gods were not willing to do.The Epic of GilgameshPreserved in Assyrian King Ashurbanipal’s library
18The Creativity of the Sumerians Importance of WritingCuneiform – Sumerian writing, on clay tabletsWriting was used for record keeping, teaching, law, etc.
19The Creativity of the Sumerians Advances in science and technologyInventionsMathEngineeringAstronomywheelSumerian star mapNumber system based on 60 (how we get 60 minutes per hour)
20The Phoenicians Great sea traders and sailors. Created the first alphabet.
21Maternalistic v. Paternalistic Maternalistic society (Matriarchy): girls rule, boys drool!Paternalistic society (Patriarchy): men rule