Around the World &Shakespeare writes his play Hamlet in 1600 &Jamestown is founded in Virginia in 1607 &Galileo hypothesizes Earth orbits the Sun 1610 &King James version of the Bible released 1611 &Witchcraft trials take place in Salem 1692
Characteristics &Began in Rome and spread through France, Germany, Spain and the Netherlands &Refers to elaborate and ornamental style found in art, architecture and music &Like the scientific approach, music was based on experimentation &Compared with Renaissance music, Baroque music is thought to be more colorful &Vocal music was mainly accompanied and orchestras and choirs were nearly equal in number
Characteristics &Music was written to order and indicated wealth and high aristocratic standing &Many courts had a music director responsible for overseeing new compositions &Church music was still most prominent &Music was taught in schools and orphanages as a skilled and worthy trade
Elements of Music Mood –T–Text sets the mood Rhythm –R–Rhythmic patterns are repeated to create interest –R–Rhythmic movement is constant and energetic Melody/Harmony –M–Main melodies are repeated and expanded to create sequences –V–Vocalists imitate instrumental sounds –O–Ornamentation adds complexity and interest Tempo –T–Tempos are moderate and changes occur with new sections Dynamics –C–Changes in volume are abrupt and decrescendo/crescendo are rare –T–Terraced dynamics occur by adding/subtracting voices/instruments
Hallelujah Written in 1741 by George Freidrich Handel Written in English to reach a wider audience From the oratorio The Messiah Makes use of strong bass (basso continuo) Things to Listen for 1.What kind of choir do you hear? 2.What kind of instruments do you hear? 3.Can you hum the basso continuo?
La Primavera Written in 1723 by Antonio Vivaldi English title is Spring from The Four Seasons Referred to as a tone poem or program music Makes use of strong bass (basso continuo) Things to Listen for 1.Can you hear the shepherds dancing? 2.Can you hear the birds? 3.Can you hear the murmuring streams? 4.Can you hear the thunderstorms?