Presentation on theme: "A Plan to Take Over the World. * CE 6.2.1 Locate on a map the territory of Hawaii and explain how played a role in redefining the foreign policy of the."— Presentation transcript:
* CE 6.2.1 Locate on a map the territory of Hawaii and explain how played a role in redefining the foreign policy of the United States.
AMERICAN EXPANSIONISM * Imperialism * Europe claims various territories in Africa and Asia (esp. China) * Encouraged by manifest destiny* * Three factors that offer the fuel to expand: military strength, new markets, and cultural superiority
Leaders advise building military strength Alfred T. Mahan* U.S. producing more than it can consume Foreign trade can ease problems of overproduction and unemployment— why?
Americans want to spread “civilization” and “Christianity” to “inferior” people UNITED STATES AND ALASKA William Seward and Seward’s Folly*
THE UNITED STATES TAKES HAWAII U.S. has an early stake in Hawaii—a stop for merchants, missionaries created school and churches there, and sugar planters have plantations For a long time, sugar from Hawaii was not taxed Changed with the McKinley Tariff— causes competition with companies
* Planters want an annexation * American leaders understood the value of the state with the presence of Pearl Harbor* * The misfortune of the king and queen of Hawaii * Ideas of Cleveland vs. McKinley about Hawaii * 1959 Hawaii and Alaska become official states
* CE 6.2.1 Locate on a map, Cuba, acquired by the United States and analyze how the Spanish- American War played a role in expanding America’s global influence and redefining its foreign policy.
CUBANS REBEL AGAINST SPAIN * Spain controls Guam, Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Cuba CUBANS REBEL AGAINST SPAIN * America has interest in Cuba—Spain’s response * Cubans rebel against Spanish—increases American sympathy * Jose Marti*
WAR FEVER ESCALATES Valeriano Weyler* William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer use yellow journalism* Papers enhance war fever The De Lome letter Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine*
WAR WITH SPAIN ERUPTS First battle takes place in the Philippines George Dewey* Filipino people join with Americans to defeat Spanish in two months These people want freedom
* In the Caribbean, the army forces were inexperienced, training camps lack adequate supplies and leaders, troops wore woolen uniforms, and most officers are Civil War vets * Invade first at Santiago with the aid of the Rough Riders* * San Juan Hill*
* Treaty of Paris* * Various arguments against annexing the Philippines occurred—1. violates Declaration of Independence 2. could create job competition 3. have problems at home Spanish-American War
* CE 6.2.1 Locate on a map, the Philippines, acquired by the United States and analyze how the Filipino Revolution played a role in expanding America’s global influence and redefining its foreign policy. The Open Door Policy shall be analyzed also.
RULING PUERTO RICO * Some want independence, while others desire statehood * Becomes controlled by our military—gave a presence in Caribbean and good location for a future canal * Foraker Act*
CUBA AND THE UNITED STATES * The Teller Amendment supposedly promised that the U.S. would not take over Cuba * Military resides in Cuba to provide food, clothing, farming, sanitation, and medicine * Platt Amendment: Cuba cannot make treaties with other foreign powers, U.S. can intervene when it wants, cannot go into debt that cannot be repaid, and U.S. could buy and lease land for naval bases
FILIPINOS REBEL * Filipinos react with outrage when independence is not given * Emilio Aguinaldo* * U.S. reaction: created designated zones with poor sanitation, spread of disease, and starvation * White soldiers looked at the people as inferior * Consequences of revolution*
FOREIGN INFLUENCE IN CHINA * Weakened by war and foreign intervention, China becomes “sick man of Asia” * France, Germany, Britain, Japan, and Russia already have land claims—U.S. fears this * John Hay and the Open Door Policy* * Resentment builds to cause the Boxer Rebellion*
* CE 6.2.1 Analyze the building of the Panama Canal and the Roosevelt Corollary and how they played a role in expanding America’s global influence.
TEDDY ROOSEVELT AND THE WORLD Roosevelt is unwilling to let European powers control the world During this time, the United States needed a shorter travel route for shipment of goods Bought rights for 10 million from Panama to create the Panama Canal*Panama Canal*
Canal took ten years to build; diseases spread; volcanic soil hard to remove; number of accidents; cost 380 million Monroe Doctrine and Roosevelt Corollary* “Speak softly and carry a big stick.” Taft and Dollar Diplomacy*