Presentation on theme: "CB 20th Century US History"— Presentation transcript:
1 CB 20th Century US History American ImperialismCB 20th Century US History
2 US Desires ExpansionImperialism- Exerting Political, Military, or economic control over another territory.Three Reasons for US Global ExpansionDesire for military strength: Centered on Navy urged by Adm. Alfred T. Mahan. Built US into world 3rd largest Naval force.Thirst for New Markets: trade would brink end to unemployment and economic problems caused by overproductionBelief in Cultural Superiority
3 US Acquires Alaska and Hawaii 1867 William Steward (Sec. State) arranged to buy Alaska from Russia for 7.2milStewards Folly
4 US Acquires Alaska and Hawaii Annexation of HawaiiCenter on sugar trade and tariffsNeed for a naval base (Pearl Harbor)Queen Liliukalani opposed, establish voting rights. Queen overthrown by Ambass. Stevens and Marines, Sandford Dole-head of GovtPres Cleveland opposed tactics, but succeeded by McKinley.Hawaii annexed 1898, without consent of Hawaiians.
5 Spanish American War-1898 Cubans Rebel Against Spain Cubans rebel against Spain throughout the 1850s-1870s, were not successfulJose Marti, 1895, was a poet and journalist exiled in NYC, organized Cuban resistance. Killed later in year in fighting.US Opinion on Cuba splitSpain appoints Gen. Valeriano Weyler to take controlPuts population in concentration camps.
6 Yellow JournalismBattle between newspaper tycoons William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer.Began publishing exaggerated articles to win readers to their paper and to fuel war spirit.Fake pictures and made up stories increased sympathy for cubans.
7 DeLome Letter and USS Maine McKinley pursed diplomatic means and was partially successful- until NY Journal published a letter by DeLome, misiter of Spain to US.Letter criticizes McKinley, angers AmericansApril USS Maine Explodes in HavanaNo evidence but Spain Blamed, US declares war on April 20th“REMEMBER THE MAINE!”
8 War BeginsWar begins in Philippines- Comm. George Dewey opens fire on Spanish fleet, destroys all ships lands Marines.War in Caribbean- Cuban BlockadeRough Riders- elite volunteer horse cavalry led by Leonard Wood and Teddy RooseveltSan Juan Hill, 2days later Spanish fleet destroyedUS Invades Puerto Rico
9 Treaty of Paris Dec 10, 1898 Spain and US sign treaty Spain frees Cuba, Gives US Guam and Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands, US buys Philippines for $20mil.Treaty and America’s new role as Imperial power hotly debated.