Spanish-American War 1898 “A Splendid Little War”
Causes of the Spanish American War Jingoism Economic concerns in Cuba Yellow Journalism The DeLome Letter The Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine The “White man’s burden”/Humanitarian concerns for the Cubans
U.S. defeat of the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, the Philippines
The Platt Amendment 1903 Connecticut Rep. Sen. Orville Platt Cuba was an independent nation The U.S. reserved the right to intervene in Cuban affairs if deemed necessary Cuba had limited rights to conduct foreign and debt policies, subject to U.S. approval The U.S. would maintain a military base on Cuba at Guantanamo Bay
The U.S. acquires Puerto Rico and Guam via the Treaty of Paris 1898
The Foraker Act (1900) establishes civil government in Puerto Rico Organizes the island as a U.S. Territory Makes its residents citizens of Puerto Rico U.S. citizenship comes in 1917 (“does the Constitution follow the flag?” Insular Cases as decided by the Supreme Court said not automatically
“Dollar Diplomacy” of William Howard Taft Promotion of American financial and business interests abroad. The policy had profit seeking motives, but it also aimed to substitute economic ties for military alliances with the idea of increasing American influence and bringing lasting peace.