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Imperialism The U.S. and the World at the turn of the 20 th Century.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism The U.S. and the World at the turn of the 20 th Century."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism The U.S. and the World at the turn of the 20 th Century


3 Motives : Economic Strategic Colonizing Aggressive Missionary Leadership

4 The U.S. purchases Alaska from Russia in 1867

5 Alaska becomes the 49 th U.S. state in 1959

6 U.S. Sec. of State William Seward was widely criticized for the purchase of Alaska

7 The 1896 election of William McKinley

8 Rep. President William McKinley


10 Spanish-American War 1898 “A Splendid Little War”

11 Causes of the Spanish American War Jingoism Economic concerns in Cuba Yellow Journalism The DeLome Letter The Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine The “White man’s burden”/Humanitarian concerns for the Cubans




15 The Teller Amendment 1898 proposed by Colorado Sen. Henry Teller promises that the U.S. has no designs on annexing Cuba

16 General Valeriano “butcher” Weyler’s “reconcentration” policy excited many Americans against Spain

17 U.S.S. Maine

18 The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor, Cuba Feb. 15 th, 1898


20 “Remember the Maine and to hell with Spain””

21 “Yellow Journalism” Publishers William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer

22 William Randolph Hearst-The New York Journal Joseph Pulitzer-The New York World

23 Hearst Castle San Simeon


25 Spanish Foreign Minister Enrique DeLome

26 TR the Rough Rider

27 Heroics at San Juan Hill?


29 U. S. Admiral George Dewey

30 U.S.S. Olympia Flagship of Commodore Dewey

31 Commodore Dewey promoted to Admiral


33 U.S. defeat of the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, the Philippines

34 The Platt Amendment 1903 Connecticut Rep. Sen. Orville Platt Cuba was an independent nation The U.S. reserved the right to intervene in Cuban affairs if deemed necessary Cuba had limited rights to conduct foreign and debt policies, subject to U.S. approval The U.S. would maintain a military base on Cuba at Guantanamo Bay

35 The U.S. acquires Puerto Rico and Guam via the Treaty of Paris 1898


37 The Foraker Act (1900) establishes civil government in Puerto Rico Organizes the island as a U.S. Territory Makes its residents citizens of Puerto Rico U.S. citizenship comes in 1917 (“does the Constitution follow the flag?” Insular Cases as decided by the Supreme Court said not automatically

38 The dilemma of the Philippine Islands



41 U.S. President William McKinley and Filipino Nationalist Emilio Aguinaldo

42 The U.S. –Filipino War

43 Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani

44 Queen “Lil” overthrown by U.S. planters in 1893

45 Hawaii made a U.S. Territory in 1898 and becomes the 50 th state in 1959





50 U.S. Sec. of State John Hay and his “Open Door Policy” in China



53 The Boxer Rebellion




57 The Assassination of President William McKinley

58 Presidential assassin Leon Czolgosz

59 President Theodore Roosevelt



62 Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine


64 The “Big Stick” Policy

65 The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

66 The Great White Fleet

67 Alfred Thayer Mahan “The Influence of Sea Power Upon History”



70 Hay-Buanau-Varilla Treaty 1903 w/ Panama The U.S. Under T.R. would recognize Panama as an independent country from Columbia in exchange the right to build a canal.

71 The Panama Canal construction 1904-1914





76 “I took the Canal Zone, and let Congress debate”

77 Reelection of TR in 1904

78 TR as Nobel Peace Prize recipient for mediation of the Russo-Japanese War



81 Portsmouth Treaty

82 1908 Election of William Howard Taft


84 “Dollar Diplomacy” of William Howard Taft Promotion of American financial and business interests abroad. The policy had profit seeking motives, but it also aimed to substitute economic ties for military alliances with the idea of increasing American influence and bringing lasting peace.


86 TR runs as a “third party” candidate from the Progressive or “Bull Moose” party in 1912 The result is a split within the Republican party partially allowing for the Democrat Woodrow Wilson to win

87 Woodrow Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy”

88 Wilson’s “Moral Diplomacy” “The force of America is the force of moral principle.” Designed to bring right to the world, preserve peace and extend to other peoples the blessings of democracy.

89 U.S. concerns in Mexico


91 Imperialism sets the stage for the background events of WWI

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