Presentation on theme: "The War Begins 11.1 Austin v Santa Anna. Battle of Gonzales: The first conflict erupted in Gonzales because Santa Anna refused the Constitution of 1824."— Presentation transcript:
Battle of Gonzales: The first conflict erupted in Gonzales because Santa Anna refused the Constitution of 1824. This increased tensions between Texans and the Mexican Government. The battle of Gonzales was over a cannon, which the Mexican government wanted to take from the U.S. settlers. The settlers antagonized the Mexican troops by placing a flag on the cannon chanting “Come and Take It.” The fighting in Gonzales was brief as 140 Texas rebels attacked 100 Mexican soldiers, ending up victorious.
Conflict at Goliad: General Martin Perfecto de Cos brought 300 Mexican soldiers to Gonzales, which was immediately after Mexican troops backed down in Gonzales. Veteran Ben Milam, who assisted the U.S. rebels, led a volunteer army to attack a small amount of Mexican troops at Goliad, so they quickly surrendered. The Texans winning at Goliad and Gonzales was a surprise to the Mexican garrison (army. Now the Texas rebels had two victories, and were beginning to grow quite confident. Ben Milam General Martin Perfecto de Cos
The March on San Antonio: After the victory at Goliad, many volunteers joined the rebel army. By capturing Goliad, the rebels had cut off the Mexican army’s supply route. In October, Stephen F. Austin led a march from Gonzales to San Antonio. Even Tejanos like Juan Seguin joined the Texas rebel army. Although Austin’s army had grown to over 600 infantry (foot soldiers), the Mexican army had a much more dominant cavalry (soldiers on horseback). I am Juan Seguin
Mexican attack at Concepcion: As Jim Bowie was choosing a holding ground for Austin and his troops, 400 Mexican soldiers attacked Bowie at Mission Concepcion. Bowie however, camped behind a riverbank, which provided great protection from the Mexican troops. The Mexican brigade quickly grew discouraged, and retreated. This boosted Austin’s army, causing them to want to attack San Antonio immediately. I’m Jim Bowie and this is my knife!!!
The Grass Fight: After the fight at Concepcion, Austin relocated his troops to Old Mill, which was just north of San Antonio. This was a great location because it again crossed another one of the Mexicans supply routes. Austin and his men were growing tired and sick, so Edward Burleson came in took over Austin’s command. Erastus “Deaf” Smith, one of Burleson’s men, rode into camp claiming that the Mexican’s resupply was coming on horseback with silver. This excited the rebel army, causing them to strike. It turned out that the silver was non-existent, and the resupply was actually full of grass and hay for the livestock of the Mexican army. Erastus “Deaf”Smith
Capturing San Antonio: After capturing the Mexican’s resupply, Colonel Ben Milam led 300 rebel troops in to San Antonio. From December 5 th -9 th, Milam and his men cleared out all the Mexican troops in San Antonio. General Cos and the Mexican army soon surrendered, and left Texas. This victory led the rebels to think that the Constitution of 1824 had been achieved, but Santa Anna had different plans. Ben Milam statue Who will go with Old Ben Milam???