Presentation on theme: "Chapter 11 THE TEXAS REVOLUTION ( )"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 11 THE TEXAS REVOLUTION (1835-1836) 4/13/2017Chapter 11 THE TEXAS REVOLUTION ( )Section 1: The War BeginsSection 2: The Consultation of 1835Section 3: The Siege of the AlamoSection 4: The Convention of 1836Section 5: Independence Is WonCHAPTER 11
2SECTION 1: The War Begins OBJECTIVESExplain how the Battle of Gonzales significantly changed relations between Texans and the Mexican government.Trace the events that led to the siege of San Antonio.Describe what happened during the siege and capture of San Antonio.
3EFFECTS OF THE BATTLE OF GONZALES SECTION 1: The War BeginsEFFECTS OF THE BATTLE OF GONZALESTexas rebel victoryStarted a war between Texas and the Mexican governmentIncreased the resolution and confidence of Texas rebels
4EVENTS LEADING TO THE SIEGE AT SAN ANTONIO SECTION 1: The War BeginsEVENTS LEADING TO THE SIEGE AT SAN ANTONIOBattle of Gonzales – October 2, 1824Battle of Goliad between Cos’s army and Texas volunteer army – October 10, 1835Election of Texas army officers and Stephen F. Austin as general – mid October 1835Battle at Mission Concepcion between 400 Mexican soldiers and rebel army – October 28, 1835
5EVENTS LEADING TO THE SIEGE AT SAN ANTONIO (continued) SECTION 1: The War BeginsEVENTS LEADING TO THE SIEGE AT SAN ANTONIO (continued)Grass Fight between the Texans and Mexicans carrying feed for their starving horses – November 26, 1835Report of a captured Mexican officer inspired Texans to pursue their siege – December 4, 1835Texas troops attack San Antonio – December 5, 1835
6SIEGE AND CAPTURE OF SAN ANTONIO SECTION 1: The War BeginsSIEGE AND CAPTURE OF SAN ANTONIOBen Milam, Francis W. Johnson, and 300 volunteers gather for an attack on San AntonioDecember 5, 1835 – Texas troops attack Mexican forcesDecember 9, 1835 – Texans push the Mexican troops out of San AntonioDecember 10, 1835 – Cos surrenders and almost all Mexican troops leave Texas
7OBJECTIVES Identify the issues debated at the Consultation. SECTION 2: The Consultation of 1835OBJECTIVESIdentify the issues debated at the Consultation.Describe the kind of government that the Consultation established and explain why problems with it arose.
8ISSUES DEBATED AT THE CONSULTATION SECTION 2: The Consultation of 1835ISSUES DEBATED AT THE CONSULTATIONPRO-WAR – Wanted to declare Texas independence from MexicoPRO-PEACE – Wanted to remain loyal to Mexico; wanted to have the Constitution of 1824 restored; did not want to lost Tejano supportBoth groups compromised in the DECLARATION OF NOVEMBER 7, 1835
9GOVERNMENT UNDER THE CONSULTATION AND ITS PROBLEMS SECTION 2: The Consultation of 1835GOVERNMENT UNDER THE CONSULTATION AND ITS PROBLEMSCreated a provisional (temporary) governmentThe lack of clear goals and leadership led to disagreements
10SECTION 3: The Siege of the Alamo OBJECTIVESDescribe the condition of the Texas forces when the Mexican troops arrived in Texas.Explain why Texans decided to defend the Alamo and describe how they prepared.Identify how the Battle of the Alamo began and describe what occurred during its final hours.
11CONDITION OF THE TEXAS FORCES SECTION 3: The Siege of the AlamoCONDITION OF THE TEXAS FORCESTexas troops were scattered in small groupsUnprepared for an advance by Mexican troops
12TEXANS DEFEND AND PREPARE THE ALAMO SECTION 3: The Siege of the AlamoTEXANS DEFEND AND PREPARE THE ALAMOWas strategically located along the Old San Antonio RiverWas one of the first towns Santa Anna’s forces would meetThe Alamo and its artillery were too important to destroy
13TEXANS DEFEND AND PREPARE THE ALAMO (continued) SECTION 3: The Siege of the AlamoTEXANS DEFEND AND PREPARE THE ALAMO (continued)Preparation consisted of building up walls and palisades from which to fightPlaces 21 cannons along the Alamo wallspalisades – high fences made of stakes
14THE BATTLE OF THE ALAMO AND THE FINAL HOURS SECTION 3: The Siege of the AlamoTHE BATTLE OF THE ALAMO AND THE FINAL HOURSWilliam B. Travis sends one of several pleas for helpVolunteers arrive from GonzalesMexican soldiers are attacked and are briefly repulsedThe Mexican army overwhelms the Texans and enters the Alamo
15SECTION 4: The Convention of 1836 OBJECTIVESIdentify who attended the Convention of 1836 and explain what it achieved.Describe the kind of government that the Convention established and identify the problems that the government faced.
16DELEGATES TO AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE CONVENTION OF 1836 SECTION 4: The Convention of 1836DELEGATES TO AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE CONVENTION OF 1836Delegates – Richard Ellis, President; George C. Childress, Sam Houston, Jose Antonio Navarro, Jose Francisco Ruiz, Lorenzo de ZavalaAccomplishments – Created Texas Declaration of Independence; set up an ad interim government; created the Constitution of 1836ad interim – temporary
17STRUCTURE AND PROBLEMS OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT SECTION 4: The Convention of 1836STRUCTURE AND PROBLEMS OF THE NEW GOVERNMENTCreated a new government with three branches:legislative branch – makes the lawsexecutive branch – carried out the lawsjudicial branch – provides a court systemContained a Bill of Rights – statement of basic rightsNew government constantly on the move, which made accomplishments difficult
18OBJECTIVES Identify the events that led to the Runaway Scrape. SECTION 5: Independence Is WonOBJECTIVESIdentify the events that led to the Runaway Scrape.Describe what led to James Fannin’s surrender at Goliad.Explain how the Texas army defeated Mexican forces and won independence.
19EVENTS LEADING TO THE RUNAWAY SCRAPE SECTION 5: Independence Is WonEVENTS LEADING TO THE RUNAWAY SCRAPESam Houston and other Texans learn of the fall of the AlamoA larger Mexican force advanced on a smaller Texas force at GonzalesFear spread across Texas and civilians flee eastwardHouston orders Texas forces to retreat and burn Gonzales
20FANNIN’S SURRENDER AT GOLIAD SECTION 5: Independence Is WonFANNIN’S SURRENDER AT GOLIADHeavy fog enabled Mexican troops to surround the Texans who had no coverTexans had a very limited water supplyTexans were outnumbered by Mexican troops
21TEXANS WIN INDEPENDENCE SECTION 5: Independence Is WonTEXANS WIN INDEPENDENCEMexican army makes camp in a vulnerable spotSam Houston calls a meeting and a decision is made for an immediate attack on the Mexican troopsThe Texans stage a successful surprise attack on Mexican soldiers who were sleepingMexican surrender and Santa Anna is capturedTexans win their independence