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T EXAS ! HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 Chapter 11 THE TEXAS REVOLUTION (1835-1836) Section 1: The War Begins Section 2: The Consultation of 1835 Section.

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Presentation on theme: "T EXAS ! HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 Chapter 11 THE TEXAS REVOLUTION (1835-1836) Section 1: The War Begins Section 2: The Consultation of 1835 Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 T EXAS ! HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 Chapter 11 THE TEXAS REVOLUTION ( ) Section 1: The War Begins Section 2: The Consultation of 1835 Section 3: The Siege of the Alamo Section 4: The Convention of 1836 Section 5: Independence Is Won

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON2 T EXAS ! HOLT OBJECTIVES Explain how the Battle of Gonzales significantly changed relations between Texans and the Mexican government. Explain how the Battle of Gonzales significantly changed relations between Texans and the Mexican government. Trace the events that led to the siege of San Antonio. Trace the events that led to the siege of San Antonio. Describe what happened during the siege and capture of San Antonio. Describe what happened during the siege and capture of San Antonio. SECTION 1: The War Begins

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON3 T EXAS ! HOLT EFFECTS OF THE BATTLE OF GONZALES Texas rebel victory Texas rebel victory Started a war between Texas and the Mexican government Started a war between Texas and the Mexican government Increased the resolution and confidence of Texas rebels Increased the resolution and confidence of Texas rebels SECTION 1: The War Begins

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON4 T EXAS ! HOLT EVENTS LEADING TO THE SIEGE AT SAN ANTONIO Battle of Gonzales – October 2, 1824 Battle of Gonzales – October 2, 1824 Battle of Goliad between Cos’s army and Texas volunteer army – October 10, 1835 Battle of Goliad between Cos’s army and Texas volunteer army – October 10, 1835 Election of Texas army officers and Stephen F. Austin as general – mid October 1835 Election of Texas army officers and Stephen F. Austin as general – mid October 1835 Battle at Mission Concepcion between 400 Mexican soldiers and rebel army – October 28, 1835 Battle at Mission Concepcion between 400 Mexican soldiers and rebel army – October 28, 1835 SECTION 1: The War Begins

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON5 T EXAS ! HOLT EVENTS LEADING TO THE SIEGE AT SAN ANTONIO (continued) Grass Fight between the Texans and Mexicans carrying feed for their starving horses – November 26, 1835 Grass Fight between the Texans and Mexicans carrying feed for their starving horses – November 26, 1835 Report of a captured Mexican officer inspired Texans to pursue their siege – December 4, 1835 Report of a captured Mexican officer inspired Texans to pursue their siege – December 4, 1835 Texas troops attack San Antonio – December 5, 1835 Texas troops attack San Antonio – December 5, 1835 SECTION 1: The War Begins

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON6 T EXAS ! HOLT SIEGE AND CAPTURE OF SAN ANTONIO Ben Milam, Francis W. Johnson, and 300 volunteers gather for an attack on San Antonio Ben Milam, Francis W. Johnson, and 300 volunteers gather for an attack on San Antonio December 5, 1835 – Texas troops attack Mexican forces December 5, 1835 – Texas troops attack Mexican forces December 9, 1835 – Texans push the Mexican troops out of San Antonio December 9, 1835 – Texans push the Mexican troops out of San Antonio December 10, 1835 – Cos surrenders and almost all Mexican troops leave Texas December 10, 1835 – Cos surrenders and almost all Mexican troops leave Texas SECTION 1: The War Begins

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON7 T EXAS ! HOLT OBJECTIVES Identify the issues debated at the Consultation. Identify the issues debated at the Consultation. Describe the kind of government that the Consultation established and explain why problems with it arose. Describe the kind of government that the Consultation established and explain why problems with it arose. SECTION 2: The Consultation of 1835

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON8 T EXAS ! HOLT ISSUES DEBATED AT THE CONSULTATION PRO-WAR – Wanted to declare Texas independence from Mexico PRO-WAR – Wanted to declare Texas independence from Mexico PRO-PEACE – Wanted to remain loyal to Mexico; wanted to have the Constitution of 1824 restored; did not want to lost Tejano support PRO-PEACE – Wanted to remain loyal to Mexico; wanted to have the Constitution of 1824 restored; did not want to lost Tejano support Both groups compromised in the DECLARATION OF NOVEMBER 7, 1835 Both groups compromised in the DECLARATION OF NOVEMBER 7, 1835 SECTION 2: The Consultation of 1835

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON9 T EXAS ! HOLT GOVERNMENT UNDER THE CONSULTATION AND ITS PROBLEMS Created a provisional (temporary) government Created a provisional (temporary) government The lack of clear goals and leadership led to disagreements The lack of clear goals and leadership led to disagreements SECTION 2: The Consultation of 1835

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON10 T EXAS ! HOLT OBJECTIVES Describe the condition of the Texas forces when the Mexican troops arrived in Texas. Describe the condition of the Texas forces when the Mexican troops arrived in Texas. Explain why Texans decided to defend the Alamo and describe how they prepared. Explain why Texans decided to defend the Alamo and describe how they prepared. Identify how the Battle of the Alamo began and describe what occurred during its final hours. Identify how the Battle of the Alamo began and describe what occurred during its final hours. SECTION 3: The Siege of the Alamo

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON11 T EXAS ! HOLT CONDITION OF THE TEXAS FORCES Texas troops were scattered in small groups Texas troops were scattered in small groups Unprepared for an advance by Mexican troops Unprepared for an advance by Mexican troops SECTION 3: The Siege of the Alamo

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON12 T EXAS ! HOLT TEXANS DEFEND AND PREPARE THE ALAMO Was strategically located along the Old San Antonio River Was strategically located along the Old San Antonio River Was one of the first towns Santa Anna’s forces would meet Was one of the first towns Santa Anna’s forces would meet The Alamo and its artillery were too important to destroy The Alamo and its artillery were too important to destroy SECTION 3: The Siege of the Alamo

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON13 T EXAS ! HOLT TEXANS DEFEND AND PREPARE THE ALAMO (continued) Preparation consisted of building up walls and palisades from which to fight Preparation consisted of building up walls and palisades from which to fight Places 21 cannons along the Alamo walls Places 21 cannons along the Alamo walls palisades – high fences made of stakes SECTION 3: The Siege of the Alamo

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON14 T EXAS ! HOLT THE BATTLE OF THE ALAMO AND THE FINAL HOURS William B. Travis sends one of several pleas for help William B. Travis sends one of several pleas for help Volunteers arrive from Gonzales Volunteers arrive from Gonzales Mexican soldiers are attacked and are briefly repulsed Mexican soldiers are attacked and are briefly repulsed The Mexican army overwhelms the Texans and enters the Alamo The Mexican army overwhelms the Texans and enters the Alamo SECTION 3: The Siege of the Alamo

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON15 T EXAS ! HOLT OBJECTIVES Identify who attended the Convention of 1836 and explain what it achieved. Identify who attended the Convention of 1836 and explain what it achieved. Describe the kind of government that the Convention established and identify the problems that the government faced. Describe the kind of government that the Convention established and identify the problems that the government faced. SECTION 4: The Convention of 1836

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON16 T EXAS ! HOLT DELEGATES TO AND ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE CONVENTION OF 1836 Delegates – Richard Ellis, President; George C. Childress, Sam Houston, Jose Antonio Navarro, Jose Francisco Ruiz, Lorenzo de Zavala Delegates – Richard Ellis, President; George C. Childress, Sam Houston, Jose Antonio Navarro, Jose Francisco Ruiz, Lorenzo de Zavala Accomplishments – Created Texas Declaration of Independence; set up an ad interim government; created the Constitution of 1836 Accomplishments – Created Texas Declaration of Independence; set up an ad interim government; created the Constitution of 1836 ad interim – temporary SECTION 4: The Convention of 1836

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON17 T EXAS ! HOLT STRUCTURE AND PROBLEMS OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT Created a new government with three branches: Created a new government with three branches: legislative branch – makes the laws legislative branch – makes the laws executive branch – carried out the laws executive branch – carried out the laws judicial branch – provides a court system judicial branch – provides a court system Contained a Bill of Rights – statement of basic rights Contained a Bill of Rights – statement of basic rights New government constantly on the move, which made accomplishments difficult New government constantly on the move, which made accomplishments difficult SECTION 4: The Convention of 1836

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON18 T EXAS ! HOLT OBJECTIVES Identify the events that led to the Runaway Scrape. Identify the events that led to the Runaway Scrape. Describe what led to James Fannin’s surrender at Goliad. Describe what led to James Fannin’s surrender at Goliad. Explain how the Texas army defeated Mexican forces and won independence. Explain how the Texas army defeated Mexican forces and won independence. SECTION 5: Independence Is Won

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON19 T EXAS ! HOLT EVENTS LEADING TO THE RUNAWAY SCRAPE Sam Houston and other Texans learn of the fall of the Alamo Sam Houston and other Texans learn of the fall of the Alamo A larger Mexican force advanced on a smaller Texas force at Gonzales A larger Mexican force advanced on a smaller Texas force at Gonzales Fear spread across Texas and civilians flee eastward Fear spread across Texas and civilians flee eastward Houston orders Texas forces to retreat and burn Gonzales Houston orders Texas forces to retreat and burn Gonzales SECTION 5: Independence Is Won

20 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON20 T EXAS ! HOLT FANNIN’S SURRENDER AT GOLIAD Heavy fog enabled Mexican troops to surround the Texans who had no cover Heavy fog enabled Mexican troops to surround the Texans who had no cover Texans had a very limited water supply Texans had a very limited water supply Texans were outnumbered by Mexican troops Texans were outnumbered by Mexican troops SECTION 5: Independence Is Won

21 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON21 T EXAS ! HOLT TEXANS WIN INDEPENDENCE Mexican army makes camp in a vulnerable spot Mexican army makes camp in a vulnerable spot Sam Houston calls a meeting and a decision is made for an immediate attack on the Mexican troops Sam Houston calls a meeting and a decision is made for an immediate attack on the Mexican troops The Texans stage a successful surprise attack on Mexican soldiers who were sleeping The Texans stage a successful surprise attack on Mexican soldiers who were sleeping Mexican surrender and Santa Anna is captured Mexican surrender and Santa Anna is captured Texans win their independence Texans win their independence SECTION 5: Independence Is Won


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