2 1. Which of the following factors proved to be the MOST important in the North winning the Civil War?a. a spirited and unified populationb. high quality military leadershipc. faithful alliesd. large populationThe North had 22 million people as compared to 9 million for the South (of whom 3 1/2 million were slaves). Without large numbers of soldiers, the North would have found it difficult to defeat the spirited and well-led Confederates.
3 2. One important result of the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 was that a. all slaves were made freeb. all owners of freed slaves were paid for their "lost property"c. freedom for slaves became an official aim of the ward. every freed slave was given 40 acres and a muleAlthough the Proclamation did not free slaves throughout the U.S. (it did not outlaw slavery in states like Missouri which had been loyal to the U.S.), it did have the effect of officially freeing slaves wherever the Union army marched in the South.
4 3. The Confederacy expected the European nations to officially recognize its new government in order to insure continued shipments of Southerna. cottonb. wheatc. tobaccod. oilWhile European mills suffered, they started to import cotton from Egypt. Many British people were opposed to any assistance to the South because of its pro-slavery policies. The British working class, in particular, was opposed to slavery.
5 4. Some Civil War leaders became folk heroes in American history 4. Some Civil War leaders became folk heroes in American history. One became the commander of all the Confederate armies. He wasa. Salmon P. Chaseb. Robert E. Leec. Ulysses S. Grantd. William T. ShermanIn the Civil War, Lee led the Confederate Army of Virginia on two of their failed invasions into the North: into the state of Maryland which resulted in the Battle of Antietam (1862) and into the state of Pennsylvania which ended at the Battle of Gettysburg (1863). He was later appointed general in chief of all the Confederate forces (February 1865), a position the Confederate president (Jefferson Davis) had previously reserved for himself.
6 5. A Civil War leader led a naval attack on New Orleans in 1862, taking the city for the North. Who was this person?a. Salmon P. Chaseb. David G. Farragutc. Ulysses S. Grantd. William T. ShermanDavid G. Farragut served in the United States Navy from the War of 1812 through the Civil War. His exploits in the Battle of New Orleans (1862) and later at Mobile Bay, Alabama (1864) led to his promotion as the navy's first Rear Admiral in 1862 and its first Admiral in 1866.
7 6. Some Civil War leaders became folk heroes in American history 6. Some Civil War leaders became folk heroes in American history. The general who led a Union army on a destructive "March to the Sea" wasa. Salmon P. Chaseb. Robert E. Leec. Ulysses S. Grantd. William T. ShermanGeneral William T. Sherman led his Union army on a destructive march through Georgia from Atlanta to Savannah (October 1864 to December 1864). This "March to the Sea" broke the back of Southern resistance. His soldiers composed and sang a song, "Marching Through Georgia."
8 7. One Civil War leader became commander in chief of the United States Army after his successful campaigns in the Western sector of the Civil War. He wasa. Ulysses S. Grantb. William T. Shermanc. William H. Sewardd. David G. FarragutGeneral Ulysses S. Grant became commander in chief of the United States Army after his successful campaigns in the Western sector of the Civil War. He gained the attention of President Lincoln early in the war with his capture of Forts Henry and Donelson (both in Tennessee) using combined army and navy forces.