2STRESS IS THE INTERNAL DISTRIBUTION OF FORCES WITHIN A BODY THAT BALANCE AND REACT TO THE LOADS APPLIED TO IT. STRESS IS A TENSOR QUANTITY WITH NINE TERMS, BUT WHICH CAN BE DESCRIBED FULLY BY SIX TERMS DUE TO SYMMETRY. SIMPLIFYING ASSUMPTIONS ARE OFTEN USED TO REPRESENT STRESS AS A VECTOR FOR ENGINEERING CALCULATIONS.
3EFFECTS OF STRESS Frequent headaches, jaw clenching or pain Gritting, grinding teethStuttering or stammeringTremors, trembling of lips, handsNeck ache, back pain, muscle spasmsLight headedness, faintness, dizzinessRinging, buzzing or "popping soundsFrequent blushing, sweatingCold or sweaty hands, feetDry mouth, problems swallowingFrequent colds, infections, herpes soresRashes, itching, hives, "goose bumps"Unexplained or frequent "allergy" attacksHeartburn, stomach pain, nauseaExcess belching, flatulence
4What causes stress?pressure to perform at work, at school or in sportsthreats of physical violencemoney worriesargumentsfamily conflictsdivorcebereavementunemploymentmoving housealcohol or drug abuse.Sometimes, there is no particular reason for developing stress, or it arises out of a series of minor irritations.Pressure to perform at work, at school or in sports, Threats of physical violence,Money worries,Family conflicts,Divorce.
5Signs of Stress Overload anxiety or panic attacksa feeling of being constantly pressured, hassled, and hurriedirritability and moodinessphysical symptoms, such as stomach problems, headaches, or even chest painallergic reactions, such as eczema or asthmaproblems sleepingdrinking too much, smoking, overeating, or doing drugssadness or depression
7Effects of stress on health Stress: It’s Worse Than You Think – This long, comprehensive article covers in detail the physiological basis for stress and the devastation it can cause in persons of all ages. (Psychology Today)Stress System Malfunction Could Lead to Serious, Life Threatening Disease – Provides somewhat technical but still readable explanations of how the chemistry of stress works and how stress causes ill effects in the human body and brain. (National Institutes of Health)Stress: Unhealthy response to the pressures of life – Offers readable descriptions of how stress creates symptoms in different systems in the body. (Mayo Clinic)Stress – Good discussion of stress and its symptoms and long-term effects, with focus on cardiovascular health. (Mount Sinai School of Medicine)
9Teens can decrease stress with the following behaviors and techniques: Exercise and eat regularlyAvoid excess caffeine intake which can increase feelings of anxiety and agitationAvoid illegal drugs, alcohol and tobaccoLearn relaxation exercises (abdominal breathing and muscle relaxation techniques)Develop assertiveness training skills. For example, state feelings in polite firm and not overly aggressive or passive ways: ("I feel angry when you yell at me” "Please stop yelling.”)Rehearse and practice situations which cause stress. One example is taking a speech class if talking in front of a class makes you anxiousLearn practical coping skills. For example, break a large task into smaller, more attainable tasksDecrease negative self talk: challenge negative thoughts about yourself with alternative neutral or positive thoughts. "My life will never get better” can be transformed into "I may
10Relax. It’s important to unwind. Each person has her own way to relax Relax. It’s important to unwind. Each person has her own way to relax. Some ways include deep breathing, yoga, meditation, and massage therapy. If you can’t do these things, take a few minutes to sit, listen to soothing music, or read a book.Make time for yourself. It’s important to care for yourself. Think of this as an order from your doctor, so you don’t feel guilty! No matter how busy you are, you can try to set aside at least 15 minutes each day in your schedule to do something for yourself, like taking a bubble bath, going for a walk, or calling a friend.Sleep. Sleeping is a great way to help both your body and mind. Your stress could get worse if you don’t get enough sleep. You also can’t fight off sickness as well when you sleep poorly. With enough sleep, you can tackle your problems better and lower your risk for illness. Try to get seven to nine hours of sleep every night.Eat right. Try to fuel up with fruits, vegetables, and proteins. Good sources of protein can be peanut butter, chicken, or tuna salad. Eat whole-grains, such as wheat breads and wheat crackers. Don’t be fooled by the jolt you get from caffeine or sugar. Your energy will wear off.
11What activities or things could help people to relax? • Listening to music • Playing with a pet • Laughing or crying • Going out with a friend (shopping, movie, dining) • Taking a bath or shower • Writing, painting, or other creative activity • Praying or going to church • Exercising or getting outdoors to enjoy nature • Discussing situations with a spouse or close friend • Gardening or making home repairs • Practicing deep breathing, meditation, or muscle relaxation
12Opinions about stress: stress is experienced in levelsstress is normal thing in life.On holiday you should see a lot of things and you shouldn`t have to do something for school. So relax and expect, see that the people spoil you.So you should go on holiday because that takes one`s mind off things.Everybody needs a break of his stressing life.I think stress is a very complicated thing.It is life and I now that I will be happy again after the stressing situation.I really think that there are positive sides to stress - people just tend to miss them because they pay attention to of the negative side effects.Go somewhere you like, maybe a sunny place, or somewhere snowy, just as you like.I think you just need to remind yourself that there's something called 'fun' and 'relaxation'.