Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 3 MANAGING STRESS 2014/2015 Managing stress Stress – the reaction of your body Stressors – the causes of stress Situations Events People."— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 3 MANAGING STRESS 2014/2015
Managing stress Stress – the reaction of your body Stressors – the causes of stress Situations Events People
Causes of Stress Major Life Changes Catastrophes Everyday problems Physical Surroundings
Stages of Stress Homeostasis The Alarm Stage The Resistance Stage The Exhaustion Stage
Early Warning Signs of Stress Physical Signs Physical Signs Headaches* Increase sweat Upset stomach* Skin rash Pounding heart* Dry mouth Muscle tension* Nail biting Shortness of breath Grinding teeth
Behavioral Signs Loss of appetite Overeating Drug Abuse Sleep problems Restlessness Hurrying, talking fast Criticizing others Withdrawing from relationships
Stress and Physical Illness Headaches – pounding in the head Migraines – are headaches that occur when blood vessels get narrow, allow less oxygen Then the vessels widen
Stress and Illness (cont) Lowered Resistance Prolonged stress can prevent immune system from functioning well.
Stress and Illness (cont.) Stomachaches – stress can cause digestive problems Ulcers An open sore in the lining of the digestive system Increase stomach acids keep ulcers from healing
Stress and Illness (cont.) Asthma A disorder of the respiratory system that makes breathing difficult Stress increases chances of attacks
Cont. Heart disease High blood pressure Blood pressure is a measurement of the amount of force in arteries when the heart is pumping blood through the body In an adult a normal blood pressure should be no higher than 120/80
Stress increases the blood flow in the body Has mild symptoms dizziness. frequent headaches Nausea Can lead to stroke If not controlled can lead to death
Stress, Behavior, and Mental Health 1) Conflict - feel you want to do some thing, but you ought to do the opposite. 2) Organ Language “Pain in the Neck” 3) Motivation Getting sick to avoid something 4) Past Experiences Very emotional episode that occurred is still affecting a person
Cont. 5) Identification Strong emotional attachment to another person 6) Self-punishment Discomforting symptoms that help with feeling of guilt. 7) Suggestion An idea has been accepted
Stress & Mental Illness Suicide Factors that put people at risk for suicide Risk: A previous suicide attempt or a family history of suicide Having a mental disorder and substance abuse disorder Feelings of hopelessness or isolation Lack of access to mental health treatment Being Influenced by another person’s suicide.
Stress & Mental Illness Self – Injury Is an unhealthy way to cope with emotions, stress and/or traumatic event.
Personality Traits Optimism – tendency to focus on the positive aspects of life Pessimism – tendency to focus on the negative aspects of life
Characteristic of personality “Positive” Resilience – ability not to become ill under stress Confident in their abilities View stressful events as challenges Make realistic plans Sense of control, good communication skills
Managing Stress 1. Confront the problem 2. Mental Rehearsal – practicing an entire event in your mind 3. Time Management
Time Management 1111. List your goals sssscore them from very important, too not very important 2222. Outline your tasks llllist all the activities you need to do to complete it
Cont. 3. Outline your overall plan set realistic deadlines 4. Make a daily schedule 5. Prioritize your tasks, Monitor your progress
Reduce Stress PPPPhysical Activities RRRRelaxation BBBBiofeedback iiiis a special method of stress management in which a person learns to control specific physical functions.