Managing Your Stress! SIUe Counseling Services 650-2197 www.siue.edu/counseling
What is Stress? Stress: any demand on the mind and body “Stress is essentially reflected by the rate of all the wear and tear caused by life…” Can be pleasant or unpleasant and the results can be good or bad
Types of Stress Eustress: The stress of anticipation and excitement Results from exhilarating, challenging experiences Examples?
Types of Stress Distress: The stress of losing, failing, overworking, and not coping Can be harmful and excessive Normal to experience from time to time
Sources of Stress Sources of Stress: –External –Internal Responses to stress –Automatic state that results when the body attempts to make changes in order to adapt to any demand.
Sources of Stress External Stressors- Major life events or everyday pressures –Death –Finances –Deadlines –Family –Lack of Sleep –Conflicts
Sources of Stress Internal Stressors: Reactions that occur “inside ourselves” –Values & beliefs –Faith –Goals –Self-image –Expectations
Assessing Our Coping Skills Effective and healthfully cope with stress Perfect score = 115 points 50-60 = adequate collection of coping strategies Higher scores indicate better ability to cope with stress in an effective and healthful manner
Coping Skills: Positive or Negative Positive: –Exercise –Hobby –Reading Negative: –Sleeping to avoid –Fighting –Unhealthy Eating –Substance Abuse
Stress Management What are some other ways you deal with stress?
Stress Management Long term effects of stress are harmful: –Personalities may change –Depression –Hopeless/helpless –Explosive/Impulsive –Anxiety/ Panic –Exaggerated Fears
Stress can be… Avoidable or Unavoidable Positive or Negative Real or Imagined
Stress Management Techniques: –Learn to say no –Positive Self-Talk –Take responsibility –Nutrition –Rest
Stress Management Time Management –Establish priorities that highlight your most important goals. –Create time by realistic scheduling –Learn to make basic decisions –Set aside specific time periods for tasks
Stress Management Exercise –One of the most effective forms of stress reduction –Physical inactivity can lead to: heart disease, obesity, fatigue, and depression.
Stress Management –Deal only with things you can do something about –One thing at a time –Act positively –Relax daily –Don’t harbor grudges –Admit you’re overwhelmed and seek help –Talk through problems and ways to address them
Food for Thought “What life means to us is determined not so much by what life brings to us as by the attitude we bring to life; not so much by what happens to us as by our reaction to what happens.” Lewis Dunning