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Hinduism & Buddhism.

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Presentation on theme: "Hinduism & Buddhism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hinduism & Buddhism

2 Religions of South Asia

3 Religion in the Subcontinent

4 Hinduism Factoids Oldest major religion
Third largest religion in the world Sprang from Indus Valley Aryans mixed with native people Major religion of India – 83%

5 Hinduism for Dummies Believe in 3 gods -Brahma: the creator
Vishnu: the preserver Shiva: the destroyer Three aspects/powers of the same being

6 Hinduism for Dummies Two major divisions Vaishnavaism (Vishnu)
Shivaism (Shiva)

7 Hinduism for Dummies: Vedas
Sacred texts/scripture – 4 of them (Prayers to Vishnu & Shiva) Hymns, incantations, and rituals from ancient India

8 Hinduism for Dummies: Karma
Sum of ones good & bad deeds “You reap what you sow” or “What goes around comes around”

9 Hinduism for Dummies: Reincarnation
Samsara Transmigration of the soul through different bodies –cycle of birth, life, death, & rebirth Karma determines next life Goal: Achieve enlightenment ….So be good for goodness sake!

10 Hinduism for Dummies: Four Aims
Dharma – Righteousness or performance of religious duties – Very important! Kama – Fulfillment of desires Artha – Economic success Moksha – Freedom from Samsara – Ultimate goal!

11 Holy Cow! Hindus have always had great respect for Mother Nature and its creatures Cow is especially significant because it symbolizes gentleness –nourishment & godliness

12 Caste System Division of social ranks & tasks developed by Aryans
Each group has different set of rules dealing with careers, marriage, diet, etc.                                                                 

13 Caste System cont. Brahmins – Priests Kshatriyas – Warriors
Vaisya – Merchants Sudra – Unskilled workers, peasants

14 Caste System cont. Dalits --- Untouchables Dirty jobs – cleaning, etc.

15 Buddhism Factoids Fourth largest religion in world
Founded by Siddhartha Gautama To become Buddha: Pass through 4 stages to reach Enlightenment Opposed caste system Spread along trade routes

16 Siddhartha Gautama Born in NE India (Nepal).
Raised in great luxury to be a king. At 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the source of suffering. Lived a strict, ascetic life for 6 yrs. Rejecting this extreme, sat in meditation, and found nirvana. Became “The Enlightened One,” at 35.

17 What is the fundamental cause of all suffering?
Desire! Therefore, extinguish the self, don’t obsess about yourself.

18 Buddhism for Dummies: Basic Beliefs
Four Noble Truths 1. Life means suffering. 2. The origin of suffering is attachment. 3. The cessation of suffering is attainable. 4. The path to end suffering exists. (Self-improvement) -Eightfold Path

19 Buddhism for Dummies: Eightfold Path
Right View Wisdom Right Intention Right Speech Ethical Conduct Right Action Right Livelihood Right Effort Mental Development Right Mindfulness Right Concentration

20 Nirvana Eightfold Path The union with the ultimate spiritual reality.
Escape from the cycle of rebirth.

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