5Siddhartha Gautaman (563-483 BCE) Born in India (Nepal).Raised in great luxury to be a king.At 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the meaning of life.Lived a strict, ascetic life for 6 yrs.Rejecting all desires, he sat in meditation until he found nirvana.Became “The Enlightened One,” at 35.
6The essence of Buddhism The term Buddha means “the awakened or enlightened one.”Buddhism is based on four basic principles known as the Four Noble Truths
7What is the fundamental cause of all suffering? Desire!Therefore, extinguish the self, don’t obsess about your wants or personal desires.
8Four Noble TruthsThere is suffering in the world. To live is to suffer. (Dukkha)The Buddha found this out when he was young and experienced suffering and death in others.
9Four Noble TruthsThe cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments. (Tanha)
10Four Noble TruthsThe solution is to eliminate desire and attachments. (Nirvana = “extinction”)
11Four Noble TruthsTo reach nirvana, one must follow the Eightfold Path.
12Nirvana Eightfold Path The union with the ultimate spiritual reality. Escape from the cycle of rebirth.
13Find Your Own Source of Suffering For this weekend’s assignment you need to write a paragraph that highlights your own personal sources of suffering.You will identify three earthly things that you desire/obsess over and then explain how these things could serve as your potential source of suffering.First step is to identify your three desiresThe next step is to explain how these desires might serve as sources of suffering.You need to use the rubric that has been included on the wikipage in order to see the guidelines that you will be evaluated on.