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Buddhism. 2,500 year old tradition Middle Way 3 jewels of Buddhism –Buddha: the teacher –Dharma: the teachings –Sangha: the community.

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Presentation on theme: "Buddhism. 2,500 year old tradition Middle Way 3 jewels of Buddhism –Buddha: the teacher –Dharma: the teachings –Sangha: the community."— Presentation transcript:

1 buddhism

2 2,500 year old tradition Middle Way 3 jewels of Buddhism –Buddha: the teacher –Dharma: the teachings –Sangha: the community

3 Born in Nepal BCE Prince; raised in luxury At 29 rejected his life For 6 years lived in opposite extreme Rejected both extremes, mediated, found nirvana Became “Enlightened One” at 35

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5 What is the fundamental cause of all suffering?

6 Therefore, extinguish the self, don’t obsess about oneself.

7 1.Dukkha- There is suffering in the world. To live is to suffer.

8 2. Tanha- The cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments.

9 3.The solution is to eliminate desire and attachments. Nirvana = extinction

10 4. To reach nirvana, one must follow the Eightfold Path.

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14 19 c Thailand

15 2c Pakinstan

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19  The union with the ultimate spiritual reality.  Escape from the cycle of rebirth.

20 Therevada Buddhism  Therevada Buddhism  Mahayana Buddhism  Mahayana Buddhism  Tibetan Buddhism  Tibetan Buddhism  Zen Buddhism

21  The oldest school of Buddhism.  The “Way of the Elders” or the “Small Vehicle.”  Found in southern Asia.  The monastic life is the best way to achieve nirvana.  Focus on wisdom and meditation.  Goal is to become a “Buddha,” or “Enlightened One.”  Over 100,000,000 followers today

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23  The “Great Vehicle.”  Founded in northern Asia (China, Japan).  Buddhism “for the masses.”  Seek guidance from Boddhisatvas, wise beings.  Goal: Not just individual escape from the wheel, but the salvation of all humanity through self-sacrifice of those enlightened few.

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25 16 th century Bhutan

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27  The “Diamond Vehicle.” [Vajrayana]  Developed in Tibet in the 7c CE.  A mix of Theravada and Mahayana.  Boddhisatvas include Lamas, like the Dalai Lama.  The Tibetan Book of the Dead [Bardo Thodol].

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29  The “Meditation School.”  Seeks sudden enlightenment [satori] through meditation, arriving at emptiness [sunyata].  Use of meditation masters [Roshi].  Beauty, art, and aesthetics:  Gardens.  Archery.  Tea ceremony.  Calligraphy.

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34 California, 2009


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