Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE) Born Born in NE India (Nepal). a prince – lived life of luxury. His His father had premonition that he would leave Showered Showered Siddartha with everything he could want in palace walls At At 29 – Siddartha leaves palace to go on a walk, encounters suffering Is Is guilted by suffering, cannot forget it Leaves Leaves palace to find cure for suffering Lived Lived a strict, ascetic life for 6 yrs, gives up everything!!!!!! Ends Ends up poor, hungry and suffering himself Rejecting Rejecting this extreme, sat in meditation, and found nirvana. nirvana. (Under tree) Became Became “The Enlightened One,” at 35, found “Middle Way”
The essence of Buddhism There is a “middle way” or “middle path.” Too much or too little of anything is bad. We must achieve the middle path, but HOW????????? End the cause of suffering????
What is the fundamental cause of all suffering ? Desire! Therefore, Therefore, extinguish the self, don’t obsess about oneself.
Four Noble Truths 1. There is suffering in the world. To live is to suffer. (Dukkha) The Buddha found this out when he was young and experienced suffering and death in others. Suffering includes illness, envy of others, hatefulness, being imperfect, losing loved one, etc.
Four Noble Truths 2. The cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments. (Tanha) Grasping for pleasure Grasping for acceptance Grasping for anything we don’t have, jealousy
Four Noble Truths 3. The solution is to eliminate desire and attachments. (Nirvana = “extinction”) How can we eliminate our desires? Is it humanly possible?
Four Noble Truths 4. To reach nirvana, one must follow the Eightfold Path.
Eightfold Path Nirvana The union with the ultimate spiritual reality. Escape from the cycle of rebirth. Until one reaches enlightenment, continue cycle of rebirth Based on Karma (Hindu word)
Theravada Buddhism The oldest school of Buddhism. The “Way of the Elders” or the “Small Vehicle.” Found in southern Asia. The monastic life is the best way to achieve nirvana. Focus on wisdom and meditation. Goal is to become a “Buddha,” or “Enlightened One.” Over 100,000,000 followers today. The oldest school of Buddhism. The “Way of the Elders” or the “Small Vehicle.” Found in southern Asia. The monastic life is the best way to achieve nirvana. Focus on wisdom and meditation. Goal is to become a “Buddha,” or “Enlightened One.” Over 100,000,000 followers today.