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Religions of South Asia Buddhism in the Subcontinent.

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Presentation on theme: "Religions of South Asia Buddhism in the Subcontinent."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Religions of South Asia

3 Buddhism in the Subcontinent

4 The essence of Buddhism 2,500 year old tradition. 2,500 year old tradition. The 3 jewels of Buddhism: The 3 jewels of Buddhism: Buddha, the teacher. Buddha, the teacher. Dharma, the teachings. Dharma, the teachings. Sangha, the community. Sangha, the community.

5 Siddhartha Gautama ( BCE) Born Born in NE India (Nepal). Raised Raised in great luxury to be a king. At At 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the source of suffering. Lived Lived a strict, ascetic life for 6 yrs. Rejecting Rejecting this extreme, sat in meditation, and found nirvana. Became Became The Enlightened One, at 35.

6 What is the fundamental cause of all suffering? Desire!

7 Four Noble Truths 1. There is suffering and unhappiness in the world. To live is to suffer. The Buddha experienced suffering and death in others. The Buddha experienced suffering and death in others.

8 Four Noble Truths 2. The cause of suffering is self- centered desire and attachments to material goods.

9 Four Noble Truths 3. The solution is to eliminate desire and attachments and reach nirvana.

10 Four Noble Truths 4. To reach nirvana, one must follow the Eightfold Path.

11 Eightfold Path Nirvana The union with the ultimate spiritual reality. The union with the ultimate spiritual reality. Escape from the cycle of rebirth. Escape from the cycle of rebirth.

12 Buddha – 19c Thailand

13 Mandala: Wheel of Life Motif

14 Buddhist Altar

15 Types of Buddhism Therevada Buddhism Therevada Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism Zen Buddhism Zen Buddhism Therevada Buddhism Therevada Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism Tibetan Buddhism Zen Buddhism Zen Buddhism

16 Theravada Buddhism The oldest school of Buddhism. The oldest school of Buddhism. Followed Buddhas teachings exactly. Followed Buddhas teachings exactly. Found in southern Asia. Found in southern Asia. Focus on wisdom and meditation. Focus on wisdom and meditation. Goal is to become a Buddha, or Enlightened One. Goal is to become a Buddha, or Enlightened One. Over 100,000,000 followers today. Over 100,000,000 followers today. The oldest school of Buddhism. The oldest school of Buddhism. Followed Buddhas teachings exactly. Followed Buddhas teachings exactly. Found in southern Asia. Found in southern Asia. Focus on wisdom and meditation. Focus on wisdom and meditation. Goal is to become a Buddha, or Enlightened One. Goal is to become a Buddha, or Enlightened One. Over 100,000,000 followers today. Over 100,000,000 followers today.

17 Theravada Buddhism

18 Mahayana Buddhism Founded in northern Asia (China, Japan). Founded in northern Asia (China, Japan). Buddhism for the masses. Buddhism for the masses. Believed that other people can interpret the Buddhas teachings. Believed that other people can interpret the Buddhas teachings. Goal: Not just individual escape from the wheel, but the salvation of all humanity through self-sacrifice of those enlightened few. Goal: Not just individual escape from the wheel, but the salvation of all humanity through self-sacrifice of those enlightened few.

19 Mahayana Buddhism

20 Seated Boddhisatva – 16c Bhutan

21 zen Buddhism The Meditation School. The Meditation School. Seeks sudden enlightenment through meditation, arriving at emptiness. Seeks sudden enlightenment through meditation, arriving at emptiness. Use of meditation masters. Use of meditation masters. Beauty, art, and aesthetics: Beauty, art, and aesthetics: Gardens. Gardens. Archery. Archery. Tea ceremony. Tea ceremony. Calligraphy. Calligraphy.

22 Buddhism in America (1999)


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