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Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE)  Born  Born in NE India (Nepal)  Raised  Raised to be a king  At  At 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek.

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Presentation on theme: "Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE)  Born  Born in NE India (Nepal)  Raised  Raised to be a king  At  At 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Siddhartha Gautama ( BCE)  Born  Born in NE India (Nepal)  Raised  Raised to be a king  At  At 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the source of suffering  Meditated  Meditated and found nirvana  Became  Became “ The “ The Enlightened One, ” One, ” at 35

4 What is the fundamental cause of all suffering? Desire!  Therefore,  Therefore, extinguish the self, don ’ t don ’ t obsess about oneself

5 Four Noble Truths 1. There is suffering in the world. To live is to suffer (Dukkha)  The Buddha found this out when he was young and experienced suffering and death in others

6 Four Noble Truths 2. The cause of suffering is self- centered desire and attachments (Tanha)

7 Four Noble Truths 3. The solution is to eliminate desire and attachments (Nirvana = “ extinction ” )

8 Four Noble Truths 4. To reach nirvana, one must follow the Eightfold Path.

9 Eightfold Path Nirvana  The union with the ultimate spiritual reality.  Escape from the cycle of rebirth.

10 What is the Eightfold Path? Wisdom: Right understanding Right motivation Moral discipline: Right speech Right action Right livelihood Mental discipline: Right effort Right mindfulness Right meditation

11 Types of Buddhism  Therevada Buddhism  Mahayana Buddhism  Tibetan Buddhism  Zen Buddhism  Therevada Buddhism  Mahayana Buddhism  Tibetan Buddhism  Zen Buddhism

12 Theravada Buddhism  The oldest school of Buddhism  The monastic life is the best way to achieve nirvana.  Goal is to become a “ Buddha ”  Over 100,000,000 followers today.

13 Mahayana Buddhism  Buddhism “ for the masses ”  Seek guidance from Boddhisatvas, wise beings  Goal: Not just individual escape from the wheel, but the salvation of all humanity through self- sacrifice of those enlightened few

14 Tibetan Buddhism  Developed in Tibet in the 7c CE.  A mix of Theravada and Mahayana  Boddhisatvas include Lamas, like the Dalai Lama Lamas, like the Dalai Lama

15 zen Buddhism  The “ Meditation School ”  Seeks sudden enlightenment through meditation  Beauty, art, and aesthetics:  Gardens  Archery  Tea ceremony

16 Buddhism in America (1999)

17 Relieve Stress & Meditate: Get a Mantra ! Ohm...mani...padme...h ung... Hail to the jewel in the lotus!


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