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Developing Best Practice in Ascertaining LMP in Adolescent Patients Ami Cook Dr Christine Ferris.

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Presentation on theme: "Developing Best Practice in Ascertaining LMP in Adolescent Patients Ami Cook Dr Christine Ferris."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developing Best Practice in Ascertaining LMP in Adolescent Patients Ami Cook Dr Christine Ferris

2 Why focus on LMP? Biohazards from ionising radiation Teenage pregnancies (12-18 years) Variable understandings of patients Parent reaction Lack of national guidelines

3 Context of the limping child Any imaging of the Pelvis or Hips Female patient of child-bearing age LMP required

4 Key issues from theory Communication Sex Education - religion & culture Blanket Testing (surgical approach)

5 Communication (theory) Stereotypes Skills variable between ages of adolescence Urban/ rural variation regarding sexual activity "Subjects thought it was improper to ask them about their sexual activity"

6 Sex education (theory) Religion/culture Age - mainly delivered at age 14 Negative perceptions Variable standard of teaching

7 Blanket Testing (theory) Validity of response Ethical issues - consent for pregnancy test Religious issues Privacy issues Professional responsibility of giving test results

8 Method Qualitative approach Semi structured interview Open ended questions derived from theory Opportunities for identifying issues throughout the interview Final year students Thematic analysis of data

9 Advantages and limitations Captures people's experiences and views Allows expression in own words important as tacit area of practice Identify issues Does not give an indication on spread of practice

10 Parental Presence Key theme highlighted by negative responses received by participants. Issues described: Emancipated minors Confidentiality Social and religious influences

11 Parental Presence Data from study: "difficult" "parents reluctant to leave" "parents cause an issue when asked to leave" Findings from literature Some patients will withheld information if they thought it would get back to parents 12 - 15 years olds prefer no parental presence "Every effort should be made to respect a child's privacy

12 Religion/culture Participants identified this as an issue and one with little training help: Amending practice Lack of understanding Changing policy and legal framework Language barriers

13 Religion/culture Data from study: "taboo subject in some cultures" "guardian would not leave the room" "religion is an issue but I don't know how to change my practice" "language barriers" Findings from literature: Professionals should recognise barriers of different cultures Not adapting care can be deemed discriminatory Adjusting policy could cause religion induced conflict

14 Sex of Radiographer Female participants spoke of their own preferences and male participants spoke on reflection of own experiences: Patient preference Discussing sexual activity Age of patient

15 Sex of Radiographer Data from study: "makes a difference" "important to younger girls" "does affect the response" "young girl with a young male radiographer plus the undignified nature of radiography" Findings from literature: Some patients feel more comfortable with professionals of the same sex Do not feel comfortable discussing sexual activity

16 Inconsistent documentation Currently no standard – participants described variation between clinical placements Creating a standard form would promote consistency Radiographers can be too relaxed Confusion can cause lack of documentation

17 Inconsistent documentation Data from study: "dates should be recorded and not just a signature" "signature's not concrete evidence for a legal case" "trusting the theatre staff" Findings from literature: No policy will guarantee 100% detection Standardized form would promote continuity Question the validity of spoken confirmation

18 Training needs Participants were asked if they felt University could prepare them for this aspect of practice: Communication with age-group not taught Little understanding of different religions and cultures Scenario-based teaching would be beneficial

19 Training needs Data from study: "scenario based sessions" "go over the LMP dates and understand the basics" "Uni don't prepare" Findings from literature: Communication is not taught Healthcare should be age-specific Understanding of religion and culture

20 Conclusions National Policy, Local Policy or Professional Guidance Standardization between trusts Educational needs met – communication, religion/culture, scenario-based

21 Further Research Look into the views of qualified Radiographers and compare issues raised Develop training needs of the student Diagnostic Radiographer

22 Thank You for Listening Any Questions?

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